CDLI Literary 000351, ex. 046 (P346089)

Literary tablet excavated in Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in British Museum, London, UK

Metadata / catalogue

Flat catalogue


Expanded catalogue


Linked catalogue


Text / annotations

Text data


Linked annotations


Related publications

As CSV As BibTeX

Chemical Data

Seal Chemistry


Museum Collection(s)

British Museum, London, UK

Museum Number

BM —


Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)


Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)

Artifact Type




Genre / Subgenre(s)

Literary (ETCSL 1.06.02 Ninurta’s Exploits (witness))






1. kur#-[...]
 en: The mountain shall make the livestock teem for you
2. hur-sag-e nig2-ur2-limmu2-e#? numun# ha#-ra#?-[...]
 en: The mountain range shall make the quadrupeds proliferate for you
3. za-e# nin me-ni-da me nu-sa2#-a#-[...] an-gin7 ni2 husz gur3-ru#?
 en: You, a lady with whose cosmic powers no other cosmic powers compare, who wears a furious/reddish aura like heaven
4. dingir-mah inim# diri-ga hul gig
 en: Digirmah, who hates excessive speech
5. munus zi nin-hur#-sag# ki#-sikil#
 en: The true lady, Ninhursag, the young woman
6. {d}nin#-tur5# a2#? MUSZ3#-bi#?-sze3? x-bi-x-ba!?-a
 en: Nintur, who ... when it cools (in the evening?)
7. te-mu-da nin me mah ma-ra-an-szum2 za-e he2-em-il2-e
 en: Draw near(?), lady, I(!) have given you supreme cosmic powers so that you shall be exalted/shall wield them
8. munus! zi me-ni me diri-ga nin nagar-sza3-ga
 en: True lady(!?), her cosmic powers surpass (other) cosmic powers, lady, “carpenter of the womb”
9. {d#}a-ru-ru nin gal {d}en-lil2-la2 gaba-na ba-e-gub
 en: Aruru, the elder sister of Enlil, stood at his front
10. ur-sag gal ur-sag ug5-ga-za
 en: "Great hero, when you killed the hero
11. u3-mu-un a-a-ni-gin7 du11-ga-ni nu-kur2-ru na-ag2 nu-um-mi-tar
 en: Lord, who like his father his utterance cannot be changed, you have not (yet) decreed a fate”
12. [...]-e {na4}u2-e gu3 ba-de2-e in-ti bi2-ib2-ku-kur
 en: The lord was speaking to the emery stone, he was wishing for/observing (its) path(?)
  double ruling
13. en#? ib2-ba kalam-ma inim mu-na-ni-ib-be2
 en: In the homeland, the angry lord(?) spoke a word to him
14. [{d}]nin-urta en dumu {d#}en-lil2-la2-ke4 asz2? im-mi-ib2-sar-re
 en: Ninurta, lord, son of Enlil was cursing him
15. {na4#}u2 kur-ra ma#-an#?-zi-ge#-en-na-gin7
 en: Emery stone, you who (the Asag) mustered against me in the mountain
1. [...]-gu10-sze3 mu-e-dab5-ba-gin7
 en: As one who seized ... in order to render/place my hands(?) ...
2. nam# ug5-ge-gu10 ba-e-ku5-da-gin7
 en: As one who swore to commit(?) my murder
3. en {d}nin-urta-me-en ki-tusz mah-ga2 ba-e-hu-luh-en-na-gin7
 en: As one who terrified me, lord Ninurta, in my own supreme dwelling
4. kal-ga# sul e2-gar8 tuku diri-ga-zu alan-zu he2-em-ta-be4
 en: Mighty one, youth possessed of form, your surpassing(ness) and you stature shall be diminished
5. nemur# usu-bi-ta nir gal2-la-am3 he2-me-zi-ir-zi-re-ne
 en: Leopards that rely on their strength shall tear you up
6. usu tuku a-gar5-re szu he2-gid2-de3
 en: The powerful one shall accept a test of strength(?) (with you)
7. gurusz {na4}u2 szesz-zu zi3!-gin7 he2-me-dub-bu-ne
 en: Young man emery, your brother(s) shall heap you like flour
8. gurusz-me-en gu3 de2-zu he2-gal2 he2-dub2?-x he2!?-til!?-e
 en: You, young man, your shout shall be present and tremble(!?), (but) it shall end(?)
9. li-li-zu szu#? ha-ba-ab-zi-ge-en adda-ba zu2 e3-ni-ib
 en: You shall raise a hand (violently) against your offspring, show the teeth against their corpses!
10. am gal lu2 szar2-ra gaz#-za-gin7 nig2 ba-ta gar-ra
 en: Like a great bull killed by many men/a slaughterer(?), make (yourself) into/set (yourself) apart as(!?) something divided into shares(?)
11. {na4}u2 {gesz}tukul-ta ur-gir15 me3-ta
 en: Emery, by means of(?) the weapon dog, away from battle,
12. nig2 sipa# tur-re al-sar-re-gin7
 en: like something chased away by the junior shepherd
13. en#-me-en# {na4}gug me-re-kul-la-za mu-bi he2-sze21
 en: I am the lord, (you) shall be named according to(?) your having pecked at/demolished(?) carnelian
14. i3#-ne-esz nam tar-ra {d}nin-urta-ka
 en: Now, (this) is the decreed fate of Ninurta
15. u4-da {na4}u2 ub-tag {na4}gug buru3-da ur5 he2-en-na-nam-ma
 en: Today (and henceforth), when emery touches (another stone), it will be in order to perforate carnelian, thus it is so!
  double ruling
16. ur#-sag#-e {na4}szu-u {na4}ka-sur#-ra-ke4# gu3 im-ma-de2-e#
 en: The hero was speaking to the šu'u and gasura stones
17. [en-e a ri-a] bi2#?-[ib2-szid-de3]
 en: ...
  rest broken

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Literary (ETCSL 1.06.02 Ninurta’s Exploits (witness))
  • Language(s): Sumerian

  • history: UET 6, 0004

    [Gadd1963] Gadd, Cyril J., and Aaron Shaffer. 1963, 1966.

  • history: van Dijk Lugale 2 (1983) 015 S1

    [sec87589] N.d.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: BM —
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No: U 16877
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2023-06-28 at 23:15:35 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Hafford, William B.; Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2023-06-15 at 20:34:30 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2019-05-29 at 21:01:59 Englund, Robert K. Atf Peterson, Jeremiah CDLI approved View
2017-09-22 at 08:06:27 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2011-10-07 at 08:44:50 Wagensonner, Klaus Atf Wagensonner, Klaus CDLI approved View
2006-11-02 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact Foxvog, Daniel A.; Guerra, Dylan; Peterson, Jeremiah; Veldhuis, Niek; Wolfe, Jared N. CDLI approved View

This artifact is a witness to the following composite(s):

Composite Score
CDLI Literary 000351 (Ninurta's Exploits [Lugale]) composite (P469530) View the score

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“CDLI Literary 000351, Ex. 046 Artifact Entry.” (2006) 2023. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). June 28, 2023.
CDLI Literary 000351, ex. 046 artifact entry (No. P346089). (2023, June 28). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). (Original work published 2006)
CDLI Literary 000351, ex. 046 artifact entry (2023) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: (Accessed: June 15, 2024).
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-06-15]},
	year = {2023},
	month = {jun 28},
	title = {CDLI {Literary} 000351, ex. 046 artifact entry},
	url = {},
	howpublished = {},

DA  - 2023/6/28/
PY  - 2023
ID  - P346089
LB  - CDLI:P346089
M1  - 2024/6/15/
TI  - CDLI Literary 000351, ex. 046 artifact entry
UR  -
ER  - 
This website uses essential cookies that are necessary for it to work properly. These cookies are enabled by default.