CT 04, pl. 47, Bu 1888-05-12, 0711 (P355865)

Legal tablet & envelope excavated in Sippar-Yahrurum (mod. Tell Abu Habbah), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in British Museum, London, UK

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Chemical Data

Seal Chemistry

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Museum Collection(s)

British Museum, London, UK

Museum Number

BM 092583 & BM 092583A

Period

Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

Provenience

Sippar-Yahrurum (mod. Tell Abu Habbah)

Artifact Type

Tablet & envelope

Material(s)

Clay

Genre / Subgenre(s)

Legal (lawsuit)

Language(s)

Akkadian

Measurements

-

Has seal impression(s)

tablet
obverse
1. asz-szum _1(disz) ansze_ bi-il-tim
 ts: aššum ištēn imērim biltim
 en: Concerning 1 pack donkey
2. sza i-na li-<bi> szi-mu-ru-um{ki}
 ts: ša ina li(b)bi šimu(r)rum
 en: that in Šimurrum
3. _ki_ ARAD-{d}en-lil2 u3 s,il2-li2-isz8-tar2
 ts: itti warad-enlil u ṣilli-ištar
 en: from Warad-enlil and Ṣilli-ištar
4. {disz}dingir-szu-a-bu-szu _dumu_ {d}suen-na-s,ir
 ts: ilšu-abūšu mār sîn-nāṣir
 en: Ilšu-abūšu son of Sîn-nāṣir
5. i-gu-ru-szu-ma ih-li-qu2-szu
 ts: īgurūšūma iḫliqūšu
 en: had rented it and (that) fled (from) him.
6. asz-szum _ansze_ bi-il-tim {disz}dingir-szu-a-bu-szu
 ts: aššum imērim biltim ilšu-abūšu
 en: Because of the pack donkey, Ilšu-abūšu
7. {disz}ARAD-{d}en-lil2 u3 s,il2-li2-isz8-tar2 i-di-nu-ma
 ts: warad-enlil u ṣilli-ištar idīnūma
 en: Warad-enlil and Ṣilli-ištar have started a lawsuit so
8. da-ia-nu i-na _ka2_ {d}utu
 ts: dayyānū ina bāb šamaš
 en: the judges, at the Gate of Šamaš
9. i-na li-bi zimbir{ki}
 ts: ina li(b)bi sippar
 en: in Sippar,
10. di-nam u2-sza-hi-zu-szu-nu-ti-ma
 ts: dīnam ušāḫizūšunūtīma
 en: have granted them a trial and
11. a-na szu-ri-nim sza {d}utu
 ts: ana šuri(n)nim ša šamaš
 en: (to take an oath) to the emblem of Šamaš,
12. da-ia-nu {disz}ARAD-{d}en-lil2 u3 s,il2-li2-isz8-tar2
 ts: dayyānū warad-enlil u ṣilli-ištar
 en: the judges, Warad-enlil and Ṣilli-ištar
13. a-na dingir-szu-a-bu-szu id-di-nu-szu-<nu>-ma
 ts: ana ilšu-abūšu iddinūšunūma
 en: have sent to Ilšu-abūšu and
14. i-na szu-ri-nim sza {d}utu
 ts: ina šuri(n)nim ša šamaš
 en: before the emblem of Šamaš
15. i-na _ka2_ {d}utu la-bi-ru-tim
 ts: ina bāb šamaš labirutim
 en: at the Old Gate of Šamaš
16. {disz}dingir-szu-a-bu-szu _dumu_ {d}suen-na-s,ir
 ts: ilšu-abūšu mār sîn-nāṣir
 en: Ilšu-abūšu son of Sîn-nāṣir,
17. {disz}ARAD-{d}en-lil2 u3 s,il2-li2-isz8-tar2
 ts: warad-enlil u ṣilli-ištar
 en: Warad-enlil and Ṣilli-ištar
18. im-ta-ag-ru-ma
 ts: imtagrūma
 en: have reached an agreement and
19. a-na _6(disz) gin2 ku3-babbar_ sza za-ba-an{ki}
 ts: ana šeššet šiqil kaspim ša zaban
 en: for the 6 shekels of silver from (lit. of) Zaban
20. u3 _1(u) gin2 ku3-babbar_
 ts: u ešret šiqil kaspim
 en: and the 10 shekels of silver
reverse
1. sza zimbir{ki}-ra-bi-im
 ts: ša sippar-rabîm
 en: from (lit. of) Sippar-rabîm,
2. asz-szum _ansze_-szu-nu il-qu2-u2
 ts: aššum imērīšunu ilqû
 en: that for their donkey they had taken,
3. a-na ARAD-{d}en-lil2 u3 s,il2-li2-isz8-tar2
 ts: ana warad-enlil u ṣilli-ištar
 en: against Warad-enlil and Ṣilli-ištar
4. {disz}dingir-szu-a-bu-szu _dumu_ sin-na-s,ir
 ts: ilšu-abūšu mār sîn-nāṣir
 en: Ilšu-abūšu son of Sîn-nāṣir
5. u2-ul e-ra-ga-am _u4 kur2-sze3_
 ts: ul era(g)gam ana warkiāt ūmī
 en: will not sue. (That) in future,
6. la i-tu-ru-u2-ma
 ts: la itu(r)rūma
 en: again (lit. will not return)
7. {disz}dingir-szu-a-bu-szu _dumu_ {d}suen-na-s,ir
 ts: ilšu-abūšu mār sîn-nāṣir
 en: Ilšu-abūšu son of Sîn-nāṣir,
8. {disz}ARAD-{d}en-lil2 s,il2-li2-isz8-tar2
 ts: warad-enlil ṣilli-ištar
 en: Warad-enlil (and) Ṣilli-ištar,
9. a-hu-um a-na a-hi-im asz-szum _ansze_
 ts: aḫum ana aḫim aššum imērim
 en: one against the other, concerning the donkey,
10. u2-ul e-ra-ga-am
 ts: ul era(g)gam
 en: will not raise a claim,
11. _mu_ {d}utu {d}marduk a-pil-{d}suen
 ts: nīš šamaš marduk apil-sîn
 en: by the life of Šamaš, Marduk, Apil-sîn
12. u3 _iri_ zimbir{ki} isz-ti-ni-isz it-mu
 ts: u āli sippar ištiniš itmû
 en: and the city of Sippar, they have sworn together.
13. _igi_ i-din-nu-nu _dumu_ li-pi2-it-{d}en-lil2
 ts: maḫar i(d)din-nunu mār lipit-enlil
 en: Before Iddin-nunu son of Lipit-enlil;
14. _igi_ i-din-{d}ma-mu _dumu_ na-nu-um
 ts: maḫar i(d)din-mamu mār nanum
 en: before Iddin-mamu son of Nanum;
15. _igi_ sza-i3-li2-szu _dumu_ {d}mar-tu-na-s,ir
 ts: maḫar ša-ilīšu mār amurru-nāṣir
 en: before Ša-ilīšu son of Amurru-nāṣir;
16. _igi_ nu-ur2-{d}kab-ta _dumu_ im-gur-{d}suen
 ts: maḫar nūr-kabta mār imgur-sîn
 en: before Nūr-kabta son of Imgur-sîn;
17. _igi_ u-bar-ru-um _dumu_ {d}suen-le-e-i
 ts: maḫar ubarrum mār sîn-lē’î
 en: before Ubarrum son of Sîn-lē’î;
18. _igi_ t,a3-ab-<gi6>-uri2{ki} _dumu_ ak-sza-ia
 ts: maḫar ṭāb-akkadim mār akšaya
 en: before Ṭāb-akkadim son of Akšaya;
19. _igi_ {d}utu-dingir _dumu_ im-di-{d}en-lil2
 ts: maḫar šamaš-ilī mār imdi-enlil
 en: before Šamaš-ilī son of Imdī-enlil;
20. _igi_ {d}utu-da-a-an _dumu_ sin-ka-szi-id
 ts: maḫār šamaš-dan mār sîn-kašid
 en: before Šamaš-dan son of Sîn-kašid;
21. _igi_ ak-sza-ia _dumu_ {d}utu-he2-gal2
 ts: maḫar akšaya mār šamaš-ḫengallum
 en: before Akšaya son of Šamaš-ḫengallum;
22. _igi_ {d}utu-na-s,ir _maszkim di-ku5_
 ts: maḫar šamaš-nāṣir rābiṣ dayyānim
 en: before Šamaš-nāṣir, judicial officer;
left
column 1 1. _igi_ i-din-{d}suen _dub-sar_
 ts: maḫar i(d)din-sîn ṭupšarrim
 en: before Iddin-sîn the scribe.
2. _iti_ e!-lu-nim _u4 5(disz)-kam_
 ts: waraḫ elūnim ūmam ḫamšat
 en: The month of Elūnum the day 5,
column 2
1. _mu_ a-pil-{d}suen! _lugal-e bad3 du-ur-mu-ti{ki} ba-du3_
 ts: šanat apil-sîn šarrum dūr durmuti īpušu
 en: the year "Apil-sîn the king built the walls of Durmuti".
envelope
obverse
1. _dub_ asz-szum _1(disz) ansze_ bi-il-tim sza i-na li-bi
 ts: ṭuppum aššum ištēn imērim biltim ša ina li(b)bi
 en: Tablet concerning 1 pack donkey which in
2. szi-mu-ur-ru-um{ki} _ki_ ARAD-{d}en-lil2 u3 s,il2-li2-isz8-tar2 _szesz-a-ni_
 ts: šimurrum itti warad-enlil u ṣilli-ištar aḫīšu
 en: Šimurrum from Warad-enlil and Ṣilli-ištar his brother,
3. _dumu-mesz_ ku3-{d}nin-szubur {disz}dingir-szu-a-bu-szu _dumu_ {d}suen-na-s,ir
 ts: mārī kasap-ilabrat ilšu-abūšu mār sîn-nāṣir
 en: sons of Kasap-ilabrat, Ilšu-abūšu son of Sîn-nāṣir
4. i-gu-ru-szu-ma <<_ansze_>> ih-li-qu2-szu {disz}dingir-szu-a-bu-szu
 ts: īgurūšūma iḫliqūšu ilšu-abūšu
 en: had rented and (that) fled (from) him. Ilšu-abūšu,
5. _dumu_ {d}suen-na-s,ir {disz}ARAD-{d}en-lil2 u3 s,il2-li2-isz8-tar2 _szesz-a-ni_
 ts: mār sîn-nāṣir warad-enlil u ṣilli-ištar aḫūšu
 en: son of Sîn-nāṣir, Warad-enlil and Ṣilli-ištar his brother,
6. _dumu-mesz_ ku3-{d}nin-szubur asz-szum _1(disz) ansze_ bi-il-tim
 ts: mārū kasap-ilabrat aššum ištēn imērim biltim
 en: sons of Kasap-ilabrat, because of the (lit. one) pack donkey,
7. i-na li-bi zimbir{ki} i-di-nu-ma da-ia-nu-<<um>>
 ts: ina li(b)bi sippar idīnūma dayyānū
 en: have handed over in Sippar. The judges
8. i-na ba-ab {d}utu di-nam u2-sza-hi-zu-szu-nu-ti-ma
 ts: ina bāb šamaš dīnam ušāḫizūšunūtīma
 en: at the Gate of Šamaš have granted them a trial and,
9. asz-szum _1(disz) ansze_ bi-il-tim sza dingir-szu-a-bu-szu _dumu_ {d}suen-na-s,ir
 ts: aššum ištēn imērim biltim ša ilšu-abūšu mār sîn-nāṣir
 en: because of the (lit. one) pack donkey which Ilšu-abūšu son of Sîn-nāṣir
10. _ki_ ARAD-{d}en-lil2 u3 s,il2-li2-isz8-tar2 _szesz-a-ni dumu-mesz_ <ku3>-{d}nin-szubur
 ts: itti warad-enlil u ṣilli-ištar aḫīšu mārī kasap-ilabrat
 en: from Warad-enlil and Ṣilli-ištar his brother sons of Kasap-ilabrat
11. i-gu-ru a-na szu-ri-nim sza {d}utu a-na <<i>> na-sa-hi-im
 ts: īgurū ana šuri(n)nim ša šamaš ana nasaḫim
 en: had rented, (to take an oath) by pulling out the emblem of Šamaš,
12. da-ia-nu a-na dingir-szu-a-bu-szu {disz}ARAD-{d}en-lil2 id-di-nu-szu-ma
 ts: dayyānū ana ilšu-abūšu warad-enlil iddinūšūma
 en: the judges have sent Warad-enlil to Ilšu-abūšu and
13. i-na szu-ri-nim sza {d}utu i-na ba-ab {d}utu la-bi-ru-u2-tim
 ts: ina šuri(n)nim ša šamaš ina bāb šamaš labirutim
 en: before the emblem of Šamaš at the Old Gate of Šamaš,
14. {disz}dingir-szu-a-bu-szu _dumu_ {d}suen-na-s,ir {disz}ARAD-{d}en-lil2 u3 s,il2-li2-isz8-tar2 _szesz-a-ni_
 ts: ilšu-abūšu mār sîn-nāṣir warad-enlil u ṣilli-ištar aḫūšu
 en: Ilšu-abūšu son of Sîn-nāṣir, Warad-enlil and Ṣilli-ištar his brother
15. _dumu-mesz_ ku3-{d}nin-szubur im-ta-ag-ru-ma a-na _6(disz) gin2 ku3-babbar_
 ts: mārū kasap-ilabrat imtagrūma ana šeššet šiqil kaspim
 en: sons of Kasap-ilabrat have reached an agreement and for the 6 shekels of silver
16. <<sza>> i-na za-ab-ba-an{ki} u3 a-na _1(u) gin2 ku3-babbar_ i-na zimbir{ki}
 ts: ina zabban u ana ešret šiqil kaspim ina sippar
 en: in Zabban and for the 10 shekels of silver in Sippar
17. sza ta-am-gi-<ir>-tim sza asz-szum _1(disz) ansze_ il-qu2-u2
 ts: ša tamgirtim ša aššum išten imērim ilqû
 en: agreed-upon, which for the (lit. one) donkey they had took,
18. {disz}dingir-szu-a-bu-szu a-na ARAD-{d}en-lil2 u3 s,il2-li2-isz8-tar2 _szesz-a-ni_
 ts: ilšu-abūšu ana warad-enlil u ṣilli-ištar aḫīšu
 en: Ilšu-abūšu against Warad-enlil and Ṣilli-ištar his brother
19. u2-ul e-ra-ga-am _u4 kur2-sze3_ la i-tu-ru-u2-ma
 ts: ul era(g)gam ana warkiāt ūmī la itu(r)rūma
 en: will not raise a claim. (That) in future, again
20. {disz}ARAD-{d}en-lil2 {disz}s,il2-li2-isz8-tar2 u3 dingir-szu-a-bu-szu asz-szum _1(disz) ansze_
 ts: warad-enlil ṣilli-ištar u ilšu-abūšu aššum išten imērim
 en: Warad-enlil, Ṣilli-ištar and Ilšu-abūšu, concerning the (lit. one) donkey,
21. a-hu-um a-na a-hi-im la e-ra-ga-mu _<mu>_ {d}utu {d}marduk
 ts: aḫum ana aḫim la era(g)gamū nīš šamaš marduk
 en: one against the other will not sue, by the name of Šamaš, Marduk,
22. a-pil-{d}suen u3 _iri_ zimbir{ki} isz-ti-ni-isz it-mu
 ts: apil-sîn u āli sippar ištiniš itmû
 en: Apil-sîn and the city of Sippar they have sworn together.
23. _igi_ u-<bar>-ru-um _dumu_ {d}suen-le-e-i _igi_ i-din-{d}ma-mu _dumu_ na-nu-um
 ts: maḫar ubarrum mār sîn-lē’î maḫar i(d)din-mamu mār nanum
 en: Before Ubarrum son of Sîn-lē’î; before Iddin-mamu son of Nanum;
24. _igi_ i-din-nu-nu _dumu_ li-pi2-it-{d}en-lil2 _igi_ ak-sza-ia _dumu_ {d}utu-he2#-gal2#
 ts: maḫar i(d)din-nunu mār lipit-enlil maḫar akšaya mār šamaš-ḫengallum
 en: before Iddin-nunu son of Lipit-enlil; before Akšaya son of Šamaš-ḫengallum;
25. _igi_ sza-i3-li2-szu _dumu_ {d}mar-tu-na-s,ir _igi_ {d}utu-dingir _dumu_ im-di-{d#}en#-lil2
 ts: maḫar ša-ilīšu mār amurru-nāṣir maḫar šamaš-ilī mār imdī-enlil
 en: before Ša-ilīšu son of Amurru-nāṣir; before Šamaš-ilī son of Imdi-enlil;
26. _igi_ t,a3-ab-gi6-uri2{ki} _dumu_ ak-sza-ia _igi_ {d}utu-da-a-an _dumu_ {d}suen-ka-szi-id
 ts: maḫar ṭāb-akkadim mār akšaya maḫar šamaš-dan mār sîn-kašid
 en: before Ṭāb-akkadim son of Akšaya; before Šamaš-dan son of Sîn-kašid;
27. _igi_ nu-ur2-{d}kab-ta _dumu_ im-gur-{d}suen
 ts: maḫar nūr-kabta mār imgur-sîn
 en: before Nūr-kabta son of Imgur-sîn;
28. _igi_ {d}utu-na-s,ir _maszkim di-ku5_
 ts: maḫar šamaš-nāṣir rābiṣ dayyānim
 en: before Šamaš-nāṣir, judicial officer;
29. _igi_ i-din-{d}suen _dub-sar iti_ e-lu-nim _u4 5(disz)#-kam_
 ts: maḫar i(d)din-sîn ṭupšarrim waraḫ elūnim ūmam ḫamšat
 en: before Iddin-sîn, the scribe. The month of Elūnum, the day 5,
30. _mu_ a-pil-{d}suen _lugal-e bad3 du-ur-mu-ti{ki} ba-du3_
 ts: šanat apil-sîn šarrum dūr durmuti īpušu
 en: the year "Apil-sîn the king built the walls of Durmuti".
seal 1
  (uninscribed, with caption:)
1. _kiszib3_ t,a3-ab-uri2{ki}
 ts: kunuk ṭāb-akkadim
 en: Seal of Ṭāb-akkadim
2. _dumu_ ak-sza-ia
 ts: mār akšaya
 en: son of Akšaya
seal 2
  (uninscribed, with caption:)
1. _kiszib3_ i-din-{d}suen _dub-sar_
 ts: kunuk i(d)din-sîn ṭupšarrim
 en: Seal of Iddin-sîn the scribe
seal 3
  (uninscribed, with caption:)
1. _kiszib3_ {d}utu-dingir
 ts: kunuk šamaš-ilī
 en: Seal of Šamaš-ilī
2. _dumu_ im-di-{d}en-lil2!
  Blocher reads Im-di-{d}EN.ZU!
 ts: mār imdī-enlil
 en: son of Imdī-enlil
seal 4
  (uninscribed, with caption:)
1. _kiszib3_ sza-i3-li2-szu
 ts: kunuk ša-ilīšu
 en: Seal of Ša-ilīšu
2. _dumu_ {d}mar-tu-na-s,ir
 ts: mār amurru-nāṣir
 en: son of Amurru-nāṣir
seal 5
  (uninscribed, with caption:)
1. _kiszib3_ dingir-szu-a-bu-szu
 ts: kunuk ilšu-abūšu
 en: Seal of Ilšu-abūšu
2. _dumu_ {d}suen-na-s,ir
 ts: mār sîn-nāṣir
 en: son of Sîn-nāṣir
seal 6
  (uninscribed, with caption:)
1. _kiszib3_ i-din-nu-nu
 ts: kunuk i(d)din-nunu
 en: Seal of Iddin-nunu
2. _dumu_ li-pi2-it-{d}en-lil2
 ts: mār lipit-enlil
 en: son of Lipit-enlil
seal 7
  (uninscribed, with caption:)
1. _kiszib3_ nu-ur2-{d}kab-ta
 ts: kunuk nūr-kabta
 en: Seal of Nūr-kabta
2. _dumu_ im-gur-{d}suen
 ts: mār imgur-sîn
 en: son of Imgur-sîn

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet & envelope
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:


  • primary: CT 4, 47a

    [Pinches1898CT4] Pinches, Theophilus G. (dup.). 1898. Cuneiform Texts from Babylonian Tablets in the British Museum 4. London: The Trustees of the British Museum.

  • history: MVS 10, no. XLIV

    [Blocher1993MVS10] Blocher, Felix. 1993. Siegelabrollungen Auf Frühaltbabylonischen Tontafeln Im British Museum. Ein Katalog. Münchener Vorderasiatische Studien 10. München, Wien: Profil Verlag.

    (seals)


  • history: OLA 109, 161

    [Goddeeris2002economy] Goddeeris, Anne. 2002. Economy and Society in Northern Babylonia in the Early Old Babylonian Period (ca. 2000 - 1800 BC). Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 109. Leuven: Peeters.

  • history: HG 3, 742

    [Kohler1909HG3] Kohler, Josef, and Arthur Ungnad. 1909. Hammurabi’s Gesetz. Band III: Übersetzte Urkunden, Erläuterungen. Leipzig: Eduard Pfeiffer.

  • history: UAZP = VAB 5, 305

    [Schorr1913UAZP] Schorr, Moses. 1913. Urkunden Des Altbabylonischen Zivil- Und Prozessrechts. Vorderasiatische Bibliothek 5. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs.

  • history: Weidner, Ernst, AfO 15 (1945-51) p. 77-78 (envelope)

    [sec91595] N.d.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: BM 092583 & BM 092583A
  • Accession No.: 1888-05-12 Bu, 0711 & 1888-05-12 Bu, 0712

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2023-09-29 at 10:12:28 Lafont, Bertrand Artifact Lafont, Bertrand Lafont, Bertrand approved View
2023-09-29 at 09:52:59 Lafont, Bertrand Atf Guidi, Carlo Lafont, Bertrand approved View
2023-09-09 at 18:41:45 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2023-01-21 at 07:42:50 Pagé-Perron, Émilie Artifact Földi, Zsombor J.; Jiménez, Enrique; Pagé-Perron, Émilie Electronic Babylonian Library Pagé-Perron, Émilie approved View
2021-08-02 at 13:04:21 Jagersma, Bram Atf Jagersma, Bram CDLI approved View
2007-01-09 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact Tinney, Stephen J. CDLI approved View

Consult this artifact as presented on the website of collections and projects:

This artifact is impressed by the following seal(s):

Seal Provenience Period Date
dummy composite seal for unidentified seals (P533185) - -

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“CT 04, Pl. 47, Bu 1888-05-12, 0711 Artifact Entry.” (2007) 2023. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). September 29, 2023. https://cdli.ucla.edu/P355865.
CT 04, pl. 47, Bu 1888-05-12, 0711 artifact entry (No. P355865). (2023, September 29). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). https://cdli.ucla.edu/P355865 (Original work published 2007)
CT 04, pl. 47, Bu 1888-05-12, 0711 artifact entry (2023) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: https://cdli.ucla.edu/P355865 (Accessed: June 18, 2024).
@misc{2023CT,
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-06-18]},
	year = {2023},
	month = {sep 29},
	title = {CT 04, pl. 47, {Bu} 1888-05-12, 0711 artifact entry},
	url = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P355865},
	howpublished = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P355865},
}

TY  - ELEC
DA  - 2023/9/29/
PY  - 2023
ID  - P355865
LB  - CDLI:P355865
M1  - 2024/6/18/
TI  - CT 04, pl. 47, Bu 1888-05-12, 0711 artifact entry
UR  - https://cdli.ucla.edu/P355865
ER  - 
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