JAOS 065, 224-225 (P459237)

Lexical tablet dated to the Achaemenid (547-331 BC) period and now kept in Princeton Theological Seminary, Princeton, New Jersey, USA

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Chemical Data

Seal Chemistry

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Museum Collection(s)

Princeton Theological Seminary, Princeton, New Jersey, USA

Museum Number

PTS 0001

Period

Achaemenid (547-331 BC)

Provenience

-

Artifact Type

Tablet

Material(s)

Clay

Genre / Subgenre(s)

Lexical (diri 6)

Language(s)

-

Measurements

136.0 mm × 93.0 mm

tablet
obverse
1. # " [...] ~ |HA.A|#? %a ku#-u2-a a-a-ku = ha-la-qa
 en: to flee
2. # " ($ blank space $) = na-a'-bu-ti
 en: to escape
3. # " ($ blank space $) = nar-qu-u2
 en: to take refuge
4. # " ($ blank space $) = na-par-ku-u2
 en: to disappear = to stop (working)
5. # " ($ blank space $) = t,u2-ub-bu-u2
 en: to disappear = to submerge
6. # " ($ blank space $) = dup-pu-ri
 en: to move away
7. # " ($ blank space $) = sze-ru-u2 sza2 _eme {gesz}apin_
 en: to take refuge (said) of the plowshare
8. # " ($ blank space $) = ra-ha-s,u
 en: to flood
9. # " ($ blank space $) = ka-ra-s,u
 en: to break off
10. # " ($ blank space $) = gu-un-nu-s,u
 en: to wrinkle one’s nose
11. # " ($ blank space $) = gu-tan-nu-s,u
 en: to sneer
  single ruling
12. # " [...] ~ |x.HA|# %a [...]-me#-e ku-u2-ak-ku = su-ma-a-su
 en: a sea fish
13. # " [...] ~ |x.HA|# %a [sza2] ni#?-in#?-da-ku-a di-la i-gub _min_ ($ blank space $) = zi-in-gur-ru
 en: a fish
14. # " [...] ~ |GU4xUD.HA|# %a sza2# gu4# u4-da _min_ ($ blank space $) = ar-su-up-pu
 en: carp
15. # " [...] ~ |GU4.HA|# %a gu-u4 _min_ ($ blank space $)
 en: carp
16. # " [...] ~ |GALAM.HA|# %a ga-lam _min_ ($ blank space $) = a-bu-tu
 en: a fish
17. # " [...] ~ |TAK4.HA|# %a ta-ak _min_ ($ blank space $) = sze-e-nu
 en: sandal fish
18. # " [...] ~ |SZU.KAD3.HA|# %a ka-ad _min_ ($ blank space $)
 en: sandal fish
19. # " [...] ~ |[SZU.KAD3.SZU.KAD3].HA|?|# %a ka#-ad min-na-bi _min_ ($ blank space $)
 en: sandal fish
20. # " [...] ~ |UDU.LAM.U.U.HA|# %a u-du la-am-in _min_ ($ blank space $) = pu-ha-du ap-si-i
21. # " [...] ~ |NI.HA|# %a i# _min_ ($ blank space $) = ka-ma-ri
 en: gamar fish
22. # " [...] ~ |NAGAR.DISZ.HA|#? %a nam-gar de-esz _min_ ($ blank space $) = ku-szu-u2
 en: crab
23. # " [...] ~ [|GU%GU.HA|] %a sa-ah _min_ ($ blank space $) = di-ta-nu
 en: bison fish
24. # " [...] ~ |SZU.KAD3.HA|# %a ka-ad _min_ ($ blank space $) = nu-un tim-ri
 en: bried fish
25. # " [...] ~ |U.KID.HA|# %a ge-esz-pi ki-id _min_ ($ blank space $) = kak-ku ma-hi-s,u-tu2
 en: barbed maces fish
  single ruling
26. # " [...] ~ |LAGABx(A.DA.HA).HA|# %a sza2 la-ga-ba-ku e da ku-u2-a i-gub _min_ ($ blank space $) = : si-hi-il nu-ni!
 en: fish bone
  single ruling
27. # " [...] ~ |GA2x(A.DA.HA).HA|# %a sza2 pi-sa-an-ga-ku _min_ ($ blank space $)
 en: fish bone
  single ruling
28. # " [...]-a ~ |TI.HA|# %a ti te!(NA)-en _min_ ($ blank space $) = s,i-ip-pa-tum
 en: fish bones
  single ruling
29. # gigam " [gi]-ga#-am ~ |LU2@LU2|!# %a lu-u2 min-na-bi i-gi-gub-bu-u = : ip-pi-ri
 en: conflict
  single ruling
30. # inbir " [in?]-bi#-ir ~ |LU2.x|#? %a _min_ ($ blank space $)
 en: conflict
31. # adamin " [a]-da#-min3 ~ |LU2@LU2|# %a lu-u2 min-na-bi gi-li-mu-u = te-s,e-e-nu
 en: quarrel
31a. # adamin " ($ blank space $) = : szit-nu-nu
 en: combative
32. # " pa#?-pa-ra ~ |LU2.LU2.LU2.LU2|# %a lu-u li#-im-mu-bi i-gi-gub-bu-u2 = : ka-ma-ri
 en: defeat
32a. # " ($ blank space $) = : ka-ra-szu2
 en: catastrophe
33. # gurud2 " gu-ru-u4 ~ |LU2.KI| | %a lu-u ki-ki = na-du-u2
 en: to throw down
34. # gurud " _min_ ($ blank space $)
 en: to throw down
35. # daparux(|LU2.EN|) " da-pa-ru ~ |LU2.EN|# %a lu-u en-na-ku = szap-s,u
 en: defeat = recalcitrant person
36. # dinig3 " di-ni-ig ~ |LU2.LAGAB| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $)
 en: recalcitrant
37. # hara3 " ha-ar ~ |LU2.LAGAB|# %a _min_ ($ blank space $) = nu-u'-u2
 en: brute
37a. # hara3 " ($ blank space $) = : a-hu-u2
 en: outsider
37b. # hara3 " ($ blank space $) = : is-hap-pu
 en: villain
38. # hara3 " ($ blank space $) = gu-zal-la
 en: scoundrel
38a. # har3 " ($ blank space $) = : _ka-ka-si-ga_
 en: the syllable /ḫar/
  (single ruling in akk. col.)
39. # teszlug " te-esz-lu-ug ~ |LU2.LAGAB| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $) = : at-mu
 en: hatchling
40. # azlag " az-la-ag ~ |LU2.KU|# %a _min_ ($ blank space $) tu-kul-la-ku = asz2-la-ku
 en: fuller
41. # du14 " du-u2 ~ |LU2.NE| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $) i-za-ku = s,al-tum
 en: combat
42. # hesz5 " he-esz ~ |LU2.GAN2@t| | %a _<<min>>_ sza2 lu-la-ku ga-na te-en-na i-gub = : hab-lu
 en: oppressed
42a. # hesz5 " ($ blank space $) = : ka-lu-u2
 en: captive
43. # adda " ad-da ~ |LU2.BAD| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $) ba-da-ku = pag-ri?
 en: body
43a. # adda " ($ blank space $) = : sza2-lam-tum
 en: corpse
44. # arhusz7 " ar-husz ~ |A2.GA2xSAL| | %a a!(MIN) sza2 pi-sa-an-ga-ku mu-nu-sa <i-gub> = re-e-me
 en: womb
45. # arhusz5 " _min_ ($ blank space $)
 en: womb
46. # arhusz6 " _min#_ ($ blank space $)
 en: womb
  single ruling
reverse
1. # ti8{muszen} " ti-i ~ |A2.HU| | %a a mu-sze-<<sze>>-nu-u2 = a-[ru-u2]
 en: eagle
2. # usu " u2-su ~ |A2.KAL| | %a a gu-ru-sza2-ku = e-[mu-qu]
 en: strength
3. # lirum4 " li-ri ~ |A2.KAL| | %a a _min_ ($ blank space $) = a-ba-ri
 en: strength
3a. # lirum4 " ($ blank space $) = : ga-mi-ru#
 en: strong person
3b. # lirum4 " ($ blank space $) = : x-[...]
 en: strength
4. # lirum4 " ($ blank space $) = musz-tap-s,u
 en: wrestler
4a. # lirum4 " ($ blank space $) = : szit-tap-s,u#?
 en: to grapple
5. # lirum5 " _min_ ($ blank space $) ~ |A2.ASZ| | %a a di-lu-u2 = ga-mi-ri#
 en: strong person
6. # ligidba " li-gi-id-ba ~ |SZIM.AN.SAL.TUG2.IB| | %a sze-em nin-nu-ur-ta-ku = ni-kip-tum
 en: spurge
7. # {uruda}szukur " szu-kur ~ |URUDU.IGI.KAK| | %a u2-ru-du i-gi qaq-qa-ku = szu-kur-ru
 en: lance
7a. # {uruda}szukur " ($ blank space $) = : gub-rum
 en: lance
8. # {uruda}ubri " ub-ri-im ~ |URUDU.IGI.KAK| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $) = szu-kur-ru
 en: lance
8.a. # {uruda}ubri " ($ blank space $) = : da-a'-i-mu
 en: lance
9. # {uruda}dala2 " da-al-la ~ |URUDU.IGI.KAK| | %a _min#?_ ($ blank space $) = s,il-lu-u
 en: needle
10. # {uruda}nindar " nin-da-ar2 ~ |URUDU.SI.A| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $) si ia-a-ku = ki!(DI)-ri-in-nu
 en: copper nugget
10.a. # {uruda}nindar " ($ blank space $) = : |IN.NU.USZ|
11. # {uruda}du26 " du ~ |URUDU.SI.A| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $) = ka-ma-ri
12. # {uruda}usz15 " usz ~ |URUDU.SI.A| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $) = usz-szi
 en: copper nugget
13. # {uruda}nun2 " nu-un ~ |URUDU.A.HA.TAR.DU| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $) a-a ku-u2-a si-la a-ra-gub-bu-u2 = : nu-un-nu
 en: a copper object
14. # {uruda}nunmeli " <<nu>>-nun-me-li ~ |URUDU.BAR.HU.KAK| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $) ba-ar mu-sze-en qaq-qa-ku = nu-un-gu-lu-u2
 en: a copper object
15. # {uruda}szum-gam-me " szu-um-gam-me ~ |URUDU.TAG.GAM.ME| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $) szu-um gam me-e-ku = sza2-asz-sza2-ri
 en: copper saw
16. # {uruda}szen " sze-en ~ |URUDU.SZEN| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $) sza2 ku-sza2-ku a-a <<ba-ar>> i-gub! = : szu-un-nu
 en: cauldron
16a. # {uruda}szen " ($ blank space $) = : szen-nu
 en: cauldron
17. # {uruda}dur10 " dur ~ |URUDU.SZEN| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $) = pa-asz-tum
 en: ax
18. # {uruda}durme " dur-me ~ |URUDU.SAG.KESZ2| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $) sa-ag ki-sze-ed-da-ku = szer3-szer3-ri
 en: chain link
18a. # {uruda}durme " ($ blank space $) = : szer3-szer3-re-tu2
 en: chain
19. # {uruda}uh2 " u2-uh ~ |URUDU.UD.KUSZU2| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $) u2-tu ku-sza2-ak-ku = u2-uh-hu
 en: copper slag
20. # {uruda}agarin3 " a-ga-ri-in ~ |URUDU.GA2xAN.du5| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $) a-ma t,u-na-ku = a-ga-ri-in-nu
 en: crucible
21. # {uruda}kusz3-kusz3 " ku-ku-usz ~ |URUDU.U2.U2| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $) u2 min-na-bi = ra-a-t,u
 en: drain
22. # tibira " di-bi-ra ~ |URUDU.NAGAR| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $) na-ga-ra-ku = gur-gur-ru!
 en: metal worker
23. # {uruda}zermuszku " ze2-er-musz-ku ~ |URUDU.SIG7.TAK4.ALAN| | %a : _min_ ($ blank space $)
 en: coppersmith
24. # uludin2 " u2-lu-dim ~ |SIG7.ALAN| | %a i-gi gu-nu a-la-ma-ku = nab-ni-ti
 en: form
25. # uktin " uk-tin ~ |SIG7.ALAN| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $) = bu-un-na-an-nu-u2
 en: physiognomy
26. # uktin " ($ blank space $) ($ blank space $) = s,u2-bu-ur pa-ni
 en: grimace
27. # imx(|ISZ.A.SUD|) " i-im ~ |ISZ.A.SUD!| | %a sa-har a-a si-ir gu-nu-u2 = t,i-du-um
 en: clay
28. # szen5 " sze-en! ~ |ISZ.URUDU| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $) u2-ru-du-u2 = szu-uh-tum
 en: verdigris
29. # {uruda}szen5 " sze-em ~ |URUDU.ISZ.URUDU| | %a u2-ru-du _min_ ($ blank space $)
 en: verdigris
30. # szeknux(|URUDU.ISZ.URUDU|) " sze-ek-nu ~ |URUDU.ISZ.URUDU| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $)
 en: verdigris
31. # szamanur " sza-<<sza>>-ma-nu-ur2 ~ : |URUDU.ISZ.URUDU| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $)
 en: verdigris
32. # szamanur " sa-ma-nu-ur2 ~ : |URUDU.ISZ.URUDU| | %a _min_ ($ blank space $)
 en: verdigris
  single ruling
m=locator colophon
33. %a ki-i _ka_ t,up-pi sza2 gaba-rum babilax(|DIN.TIR|){ki} _sar_-ma ba-a-ri
 en: According to the wording of a tablet, an copy from Babylon, written and collated:
  blank space
34. %a t,up-pi {disz}ta-qisz-{d}gu-la _a_ sza2 {disz}{d}en-lil2-u-szu2-nu _a_ {disz}{d}en-lil2-usz-{d}i2-gi3-gi3 _man man_
 en: tablet of Taqiš-Gula, son of Enlil-belšunu, son of Enlil-UŠ-Igigi ...;
  blank space
35. %a qa-<at> {disz}{d}en-lil2-arhusz-gar _szesz_-szu2 pa-lih {d}masz la3 _tum3_-szu2
 en: hand of Enlil-rema-šukun, his brother. He who worships Ninurta should not take it away!
  blank space
36. %a nibru{ki} {iti}gu4 _u4 5(disz)-kam2 mu 5(asz)-kam2_ {disz}ar-dah-sza2-as-su _gu2-gal ki-me_
 en: Nippur; in the month Ayyaru, on the 5th day, in the 5th year of Artaxerxes, king of the lands.
  blank space

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Achaemenid (547-331 BC)
Consult word list of Achaemenid (547-331 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm): 136.0 high × 93.0 wide
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Lexical (diri 6)
  • Language(s):


  • primary: JAOS 065, 224-225

    [Goetze1945-202061] Goetze, Albrecht. 1945.

  • history: MSL 15, 15, 181

    [Civil2004MSL15] Civil, Miguel. 2004. The Series DIRI = (w)Atru. Materials for the Sumerian Lexicon 15. Pontificium Institutum Biblicum.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: PTS 0001
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience:
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No:
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

  • Period: Achaemenid (547-331 BC)
  • Dates Referenced: Artaxerxes1.05.04.05
  • Alternative Years:
  • Date Comments:
  • Accounting Period: 0

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2024-07-16 at 12:45:00 Firth, Richard Artifact, Other Entity Firth, Richard Firth, Richard approved View
2023-06-15 at 20:44:22 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2023-06-01 at 18:47:18 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Novotny, Jamie Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2022-06-15 at 09:05:56 Pagé-Perron, Émilie Atf Pagé-Perron, Émilie CDLI approved View
2019-01-18 at 13:17:31 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2013-11-07 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact CDLI CDLI approved View

Consult this artifact as presented on the website of collections and projects:

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“JAOS 065, 224-225 Artifact Entry.” (2013) 2024. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). July 16, 2024. https://cdli.ucla.edu/P459237.
JAOS 065, 224-225 artifact entry (No. P459237). (2024, July 16). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). https://cdli.ucla.edu/P459237 (Original work published 2013)
JAOS 065, 224-225 artifact entry (2024) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: https://cdli.ucla.edu/P459237 (Accessed: July 19, 2024).
@misc{2024JAOS,
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-07-19]},
	year = {2024},
	month = {jul 16},
	title = {JAOS 065, 224-225 artifact entry},
	url = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P459237},
	howpublished = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P459237},
}

TY  - ELEC
DA  - 2024/7/16/
PY  - 2024
ID  - P459237
LB  - CDLI:P459237
M1  - 2024/7/19/
TI  - JAOS 065, 224-225 artifact entry
UR  - https://cdli.ucla.edu/P459237
ER  - 
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