TA 1931 256 (P448545)

Legal sealing excavated in Ešnunna (mod. Tell Asmar), dated to the Early Old Babylonian (ca. 2000-1900 BC) period and now kept in Institute for the Study of Ancient Cultures West Asia & North Africa Museum (formerly Oriental Institute), Chicago, Illinois, USA

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Text / annotations

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Chemical Data

Seal Chemistry

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Museum Collection(s)

Institute for the Study of Ancient Cultures West Asia & North Africa Museum (formerly Oriental Institute), Chicago, Illinois, USA

Museum Number

OIM A—

Period

Early Old Babylonian (ca. 2000-1900 BC)

Provenience

Ešnunna (mod. Tell Asmar)

Artifact Type

Sealing

Material(s)

Clay

Genre / Subgenre(s)

Legal

Language(s)

Akkadian

Measurements

-

Has seal impression(s)

object sealing
  blank space
  seal impression
seal 1
column 1
1. {d}tiszpak
 en: To Tišpak,
2. _lugal_ da-num2
 en: the mighty king,
3. _lugal_ ma-at wa-ri-im
 en: king of the land of Warûm,
4. ki-ri-ki-ri
 en: Kirikiri,
column 2
1. _ensi2_
 en: governor
2. asz2-nun-na{ki}
 en: of Ešnunna,
3. a-na
 en: to
4. bi-la-la-ma
 en: Bilalama
5. _dumu-ni_-szu
 en: his son
6. i-qi4-isz
 en: presented it (this seal).

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Early Old Babylonian (ca. 2000-1900 BC)
Consult word list of Early Old Babylonian (ca. 2000-1900 BC)

  • Artifact type: Sealing
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

    sealing for bag


  • primary: RIME 4, .05.02.01, ex. 02

    [Frayne1990RIME4] Frayne, Douglas R. 1990. Old Baylonian Period (2003-1595 BC). Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia Early Periods 4. University of Toronto Press.

  • primary: AOAT 274 (pp. 355-389), 381

    [ReichelAOAT274] Reichel, Clemens. 2003. “A Modern Crime and a Ancient Mystery: The Seal of Bilalama,” Alter Orient und Altes Testament, , no. 274: Festschrift für Burkhart Kienast: 355–89.

  • history: First Impressions, 500 (sealing)

    [Collon2005FirstImpressions] Collon, Dominique. 2005. First Impressions: Cylinder Seals in the Ancient Near East (2nd Edition). British Museum Press.

  • history: OIP 43, 145 TA 1931 256

    [Jacobsen1940OIP43] Frankfort, Henri, Seton LLoyd, and Thorkild Jacobsen. 1940. The Gimilsin Temple and the Palace of the Rulers at Tell Asmar. Oriental Institute Publications. University of Chicago.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: OIM A—
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Ešnunna (mod. Tell Asmar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level: Kirikiri
  • Excavation No: TA 1931 T0256
  • Findspot Square: O30:18 (lower); OSP 43, 145 (footnote): in doorway between O30:17 and O30:18 (see p. 22)
  • Findspot Comments:

    Palace of the Rulers

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2023-11-03 at 10:15:37 Firth, Richard Artifact Firth, Richard Firth, Richard approved View
2023-10-21 at 15:34:35 Firth, Richard Artifact Firth, Richard Firth, Richard approved View
2023-10-19 at 12:09:27 Pagé-Perron, Émilie Atf Pagé-Perron, Émilie Pagé-Perron, Émilie approved View
2023-10-18 at 16:34:00 Firth, Richard Atf Firth, Richard Firth, Richard approved View
2023-10-18 at 16:29:07 Firth, Richard Artifact Firth, Richard Firth, Richard approved View
2018-01-14 at 12:08:08 Firth, Richard Atf Firth, Richard CDLI approved View
2018-01-14 at 12:04:08 Firth, Richard Atf Firth, Richard CDLI approved View
2013-05-27 at 11:40:02 Foxvog, Daniel A. Atf Foxvog, Daniel A. CDLI approved View
2013-01-20 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact Foxvog, Daniel A.; Frayne, Douglas R. CDLI approved View

Consult this artifact as presented on the website of collections and projects:

    There is no external resource for this artifact yet.

This artifact is impressed by the following seal(s):

Seal Provenience Period Date
CDLI Seals 005734 (physical) (P458444) Ešnunna (mod. Tell Asmar) Early Old Babylonian (ca. 2000-1900 BC) Kirikiri.00.00.00

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“TA 1931 256 Artifact Entry.” (2013) 2023. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). November 3, 2023. https://cdli.ucla.edu/P448545.
TA 1931 256 artifact entry (No. P448545). (2023, November 3). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). https://cdli.ucla.edu/P448545 (Original work published 2013)
TA 1931 256 artifact entry (2023) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: https://cdli.ucla.edu/P448545 (Accessed: April 13, 2024).
@misc{2023TA,
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-04-13]},
	year = {2023},
	month = {nov 3},
	title = {TA 1931 256 artifact entry},
	url = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P448545},
	howpublished = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P448545},
}

TY  - ELEC
DA  - 2023/11/3/
PY  - 2023
ID  - P448545
LB  - CDLI:P448545
M1  - 2024/4/13/
TI  - TA 1931 256 artifact entry
UR  - https://cdli.ucla.edu/P448545
ER  - 
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