CDLI Literary 000379, ex. 024 (P346224)

Literary tablet excavated in Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in British Museum, London, UK

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Chemical Data

Seal Chemistry


Museum Collection(s)

British Museum, London, UK

Museum Number

BM —


Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)


Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)

Artifact Type




Genre / Subgenre(s)

Literary (ETCSL 2.02.02 Lament for Ur (witness))






1. [a]-a# {d}nanna iszib-zu esz2#-da# [...] szu# [...]
 en: Father Nanna, your išib priest did not perfect the holy šita prayer(?) for you
2. lu2#-mah-zu gi-gun4-na ku3-zu sza3 gada nu-mu-um#?-[...]
 en: Your lumah priest did not wear the šaggada garment
3. en zi sza3 hi-li pa3-da-zu e2-kisz-nu-gal2-la
 en: Your true en priestess, chosen in the heart (for her) beauty, the one of the Ekišnugal temple
4. esz3-ta ge6-par4-sze3 hul2-la-a-ni nu-mu-ni-in-ku4
 en: Did not enter as she rejoices(?) into the gipar structure (coming from) the shrine
5. a-u3-a kisal ezem-ma-zu ezem nu-mu-ni-ib2-du10-ge
 en: The a'ua musicians are not sweetening the festival (in) your courtyard (hosting) the festival
6. szem5 {kusz}a2-la2-e nig2 sza3 hul2-le-a tigi nu-mu-ra-du12
 en: Neither the šem and ala drums, those which make the heart rejoice, nor the tigi instrument was played for you
7. sag-gig2-ga ezem#-zu-sze3 a# la-ba-tu5-tu5-a
 en: The blackheaded, who no longer bathed for your festival
8. gu-gin7 sag BU-ra zi ha-ba-ni-ku5 uludin2-bi ba-kur2
 en: If(!?) like a thread ... (their) life was cut, their features were changed
9. en3-du-zu er2-re ba-da-an-ku4 en3-tukum-bi-sze3 SAR-e
 en: Your songs have become weeping, how long ...?
10. tigi-zu a-nir-ra ba-da-an-ku4 en3-tukum-bi-sze3 SAR-e
 en: Your tigi songs have become lamentation, how long ...?
11. gu4-zu tur3-a-na ba-ra-ba-da-an-gub en3-tukum-bi-sze3 SAR-e
 en: If your bull does not stand in its stall, how long ...?
12. udu-zu amasz-bi-a ba-ra-ba-dur2-ru-un en3-tukum-bi-sze3 SAR-e
 en: If your sheep does not stand in its fold, how long ...?
13. szu-kux(PESZ) ku6 gur3-ru-zu hul-gal2-e ba-dab5
 en: An evildoer has seized your fisherman who brings fish
14. muszen-du3 muszen gur3-ru-zu ul4-ul4-e im-gen#
 en: Your fowler who bring birds hurriedly goes (away)
15. i7 ma-rux(TE)-re ba-ab-du7-za# sza3-ba {u2}numun2 ba-an-mu2#
 en: In your canal, (formerly) made suitable for a barge, rushes(!?) grew in its bed
16. har-ra-an {gesz}gigir#-ra# ba-ab-du7-za sza3-ba {gesz}AD2 kur-ra ba-an-mu2
 en: On your roads, (formerly) made suitable for a chariot, thorn bushes grew in its midst
17. uru2-zu e2-zu ama-bi-gin7 er2# gig i3-sze8-sze8
 en: Your city and you temple weep (for you) bitterly like their(?) mother
18. uri2{ki}-ma dumu sila-a ha!-lam-gin7# ki mu-szi-kikken2
 en: Urim, like a child lost in the street, seeks (your) place
19. szeg12-zu# e2 zi-za lu2-lu7-gin7 he2-me-am3-bi im-me-e
 en: The brickwork of your true temple, like a human, says “So be it!"(in resignation!?)
20. nin-gu10 e2-ta e3-me-en uru17-ta e3-me-en
 en: My lady, you have left the temple, you have left the city
21. en3-sze3-am3 iri-zu lu2-erim2-gin7 bar-ta ba-gub-be2
 en: How long will (you) stand apart from your city like an enemy?
22. ama {d}nin-gal e2-zu ki erim2-gin7 gaba-na ba-e-da-sa2
 en: Mother Ningal, (how long) will your temple align with you at its chest like a hostile place
23. kalam-ma-a-ni-sze3 kusz2-u3 he2-me-en-na za3 e-ne ba-tag-ge
 en: If you are one who is concerned about her land, why do (you) reject it?
24. gu4-gin7 tur3-zu-sze3 udu-gin7 amasz-zu-sze3
 en: Like an ox towards/on behalf of(?) your cattlepen, like a sheep towards/on behalf of(?) your sheepfold
25. dumu banda3{+da}-gin7 ama5-zu#-sze3 nin-gu10 e2-zu-sze3
 en: Like a younger child towards/on behalf of(?) your (mother's?) chamber, my lady, towards/on behalf of(?) your temple
26. an lugal dingir-re-e-ne musz2-am3-zu he2-em-me
 en: May An, the king of the gods, speak your “It is enough”
27. {d}en-lil2 lugal kur-kur-ra-ke4 nam-zu-sze3!? he2-bi2-ib-tar-re
 en: Enlil, the king of the lands, shall decree your fate
28. iri{ki}-zu!(BA) ki-bi-a ha-ra-ab-gi4-gi4 nam-eresz-bi ak
 en: He shall restore your(!) city to its place, exercise its queenship!
29. uri2#{ki#} ki#-bi-a ha-ra-ab-gi4-gi4 nam-eresz-bi ak
 en: He shall restore Urim to its place, exercise its queenship!
30. ki#-ru#-gu2 ussu-kam-ma
 en: It is the eighth kirugu
31. [...] mu#-da-kur2-ra me-zu#? ki-bi ha-ra-ab-gi4-gi4
 en: Your(?) me that were changed to your detriment, may he restore your(?) me to their place
32. gesz#-gi4-gal2-bi-im
 en: It is its gešgigal “response”
33. e# u4-de3 u4-de3 kalam tesz2-a i-ni-ib-ri
 en: Oh, the storm, the storm has been cast down in the land together
34. u4 gal an-na-ke4 u4 gu3 dub2-dub2-be2
 en: Great storm of An, continually shouting storm
35. u4 gig#-ga# kalam-ma ba-e-zal-la ri
 en: That bitter day (storm) passed in the land
36. u4# uru2#? gul-gul-e u4 e2 gul-gul-e
 en: The storm destroying the city, the storm destroying the temple
37. u4# tur3 gul-gul-e u4 amasz tab-tab-be2
 en: The storm destroying the cattlepen and flattening the sheepfold
38. garza# ku3#-ga szu bi2-la2-a-bi
 en: That one that paralyzed the pure rites
39. garza#? aratta#-a-ka szu pe-el-la2 im-mi-in-du11-ga
 en: The one who defiled the rites, (those) of Aratta (i.e., important?)
40. u4#!? kalam-ma nig2-du10-ge im-mi-in-ku5# ri#
 en: That storm that cut off a good thing in the land
1. u4 sag-gig2-ga a2 bi2-ib2-la2#-a ri
 en: That storm that bound the arms of the black-headed people
2. ki-ru-gu2 9(disz)-kam-ma
 en: It is the 9th kirugu
3. u4 ri u4 igi tesz2 nu#-gal2#-la# ri
 en: That storm, that storm that has no shame (in) its face
4. u4 ama nu-zu ri u4 a-a nu-zu ri
 en: That storm that knows no mother, that storm that knows no father
5. u4 dam nu-zu ri u4 dumu nu-zu ri
 en: That storm that knows no spouse, that storm that knows no child
6. u4 nin9 nu-zu ri# u4 szesz nu-zu ri
 en: That storm that knows no sister, that storm that knows no brother
7. u4 usar nu-zu ri ma-la nu-zu ri
 en: That storm that knows no neighbor, that storm that knows no girlfriend
8. u4 dam szub-ba u4 dumu szub-ba
 en: The storm that cast the spouse, the storm that cast down the child
9. u4 ri u4 kalam-ma u2-gu bi2-in-de2-a-ke4
 en: That storm, the storm of having made the land forgotten
10. u4 hul gig du11-ga {d}en-lil2-la2-ta im-mi-in-zal-la ri
 en: The hating day (storm) that was made to pass by Enlil
11. a-a {d}nanna u4-bi uru17-zu-sze3 hur nam-ba-ga2-ga2
 en: Father Nanna, that storm must never again be placed upon your city
12. u4-bi im an-ta szeg3-ga2-gin7 ki-bi-sze3 nam-ba-gur
 en: That storm, like a rain storm raining from above, must not turn towards that place
13. nig2-zi-gal2 an-ki sag-gig2 ni2 im-mu-e-da-ab-ri
 en: It has cast a fearful aura (upon) the creatures of the universe (and) the black-headed
14. u4 szu du3-a-ba he2-em-ma-gul-e
 en: When the storm is bound by the hands(?), it must be destroyed
15. abul ge6-u3-na-gin7 ig he2-bi2-ib2-kesz2-da
 en: Like a gate at nighttime, the door must be tied shut (to keep it out)
16. nig2-ka9-bi e2 {d}en-lil2-la2-ke4 {gesz}gag-ta he2-em-ta-si-ig
 en: Its balanced account in the temple of Enlil must be torn away from its peg
17. ki-ru-gu2 1(u)-kam-ma
 en: It is the 10th kirugu
18. ul-la u4 kur2-ra u4-da egir-bi-sze3
 en: In distant time and future time, today and in the future/"the end of day(s)"(?)
19. u4 ul kalam ki gar-ra-a-ba
 en: In distant time, after the land(?) was founded (again, like before(?))
20. {d}nanna lu2 sun5-na giri3-zu mu-un-dab5-ba
 en: Nanna, the humble man who took to your path (i.e., followed you)/seized your feet
21. er2-ra e2 si-ga mu-ra-an-du11 igi-zu-sze3 du12-a-bi
 en: Has performed the lament of the silent house for you, the one/as one performing before you
22. sag-gig2 ba-ra-an-szub-szub-bu-usz-a giri17 szu ha-ra-ab-tag-ge-ne
 en: The black headed that had fallen away (from the path?), they shall stroke the nose in submission for you
23. iri du6-du6-dam ba-an-gar-ra-ba i-si-isz-bi hu-mu-ra-an-ga2-ga2
 en: ... shall initiate the wailing of the city that had been rendered into ruin heaps for you
24. {d}nanna uru17 ki-bi-a gi4-a-za pa e3 ha-ra-ab-ke3-e
 en: Nanna, ... shall make your city that has been restored to its place resplendent (again) for you
25. mul-an ku3-gin7 nam-mu-ha-lam-e-de3 igi-zu-sze3 ba-dab5-be2
 en: Like a pure heavenly star which must never be forgotten, it will pass(!?) before you
26. dingir lu2-lux(URU)-ke4 kadra mu-ra-an-de6
 en: The personal god has brought a kadra greeting gift for you
27. lu2 siskur2-ra-ke4 a-ra-zu mu-ra-ab-be2
 en: The one of the siskur prayer/rites makes an arazu prayer for you
28. {d}nanna arhusz sug4 kalam-ma-me-en
 en: Nanna, you are the one filled with mercy of the land
29. en {d}dil-im2-babbar2 sza3-zu mi-ni-ib2-du11-ga-ta
 en: Lord Dilimbabbar, after your heart has spoken
30. {d}nanna lu2-lux(URU)-ba nam-tag-bi u3-mu-e-duh
 en: Nanna, after you has released the sin of that man
31. lu2 a-ra-zu im-me-a sza3 ha-ba-na#-hun-e
 en: The one who makes an arazu prayer shall pacify (your) heart for him
32. lu2 siskur2-ra-ke4 mu-un-gub-ba! igi zi u3-mu-un-szi-in-bar
 en: After you have looked faithfully towards the one of the siskur prayer/rites who has served(?)
33. {d}nanna igi zi bar-ra-zu sza3-szu-nigin2#? sug4#-ga
 en: Nanna, your true look is full of mercy
34. lu2-lux(URU)-bi u4 hul duh-a-ke4 he2-em-da#-x-[...]
 en: May the man who the storm unleashed evil against shine towards (you)
35. sza3 kalam-ma-ke4 gal2-la-gin7 he2-em-da#-szi#-[...]
 en: As one who is in the midst of the land(?) may he bow towards (you?)
36. {d#}nanna# iri ki-bi gi4-a-za me#-tesz2# [...]
 en: Nanna, may you be praised in your restored city
37. ki-ru-gu2 1(u) [1(disz)-kam-ma]
 en: It is the 11th kirugu

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Literary (ETCSL 2.02.02 Lament for Ur (witness))
  • Language(s): Sumerian

  • history: UET 6, 0139a

    [Gadd1963] Gadd, Cyril J., and Aaron Shaffer. 1963, 1966.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: BM —
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No: U 16900m
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2023-06-15 at 20:34:30 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2019-06-11 at 15:37:49 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2019-05-29 at 21:01:58 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2006-11-02 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact Foxvog, Daniel A.; Guerra, Dylan; Peterson, Jeremiah; Veldhuis, Niek; Wolfe, Jared N. CDLI approved View

This artifact is a witness to the following composite(s):

Composite Score
CDLI Literary 000379 (Lament for Ur) composite (P469681) View the score

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“CDLI Literary 000379, Ex. 024 Artifact Entry.” (2006) 2023. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). June 15, 2023.
CDLI Literary 000379, ex. 024 artifact entry (No. P346224). (2023, June 15). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). (Original work published 2006)
CDLI Literary 000379, ex. 024 artifact entry (2023) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: (Accessed: July 19, 2024).
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-07-19]},
	year = {2023},
	month = {jun 15},
	title = {CDLI {Literary} 000379, ex. 024 artifact entry},
	url = {},
	howpublished = {},

DA  - 2023/6/15/
PY  - 2023
ID  - P346224
LB  - CDLI:P346224
M1  - 2024/7/19/
TI  - CDLI Literary 000379, ex. 024 artifact entry
UR  -
ER  - 
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