CDLI Literary 000380, ex. 024 (P346215)

Literary tablet excavated in Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in British Museum, London, UK

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Text / annotations

Text data


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Chemical Data

Seal Chemistry


Museum Collection(s)

British Museum, London, UK

Museum Number

BM —


Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)


Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)

Artifact Type




Genre / Subgenre(s)

Literary (ETCSL 2.02.03 Lament for Sumer and Ur (witness))






  beginning broken
1'. [...] u2-a# ba#-szi#-in#-[...]
 en: ... the provider(? i.e., the king?) ...
2'. [... u2]-a# ba-szi-in-x-[...]
 en: ... the provider(?) ...
3'. [...] gub#-bu-bi szukur2 mah-gin7 ba-e-x-[...]
 en: Its standing/serving ... like a supreme ration ...
4'. [...] abul#-la mah {gesz}ig im-ma bi2-[...]
 en: At its great gate Enlil stood the door (open) in the wind(?)
5'. [...]-ma lu2 u2-sze3 nu-DU lu2 a-sze3 nu-DU#
 en: In Ur, no one went towards food, no one went towards water
6'. ug3# a# tul8-la2 de2-a-gin7 szu i3-nigin-ne
 en: The people were circling around like water poured into a well/pond
7'. usu#-bi ni2-bi-a nu-gal2 ne3-bi ba-ra-an-tusz#
 en: Its strength was not present in its aura(?) and thus its strength did not dwell (there)(?)
8'. [{d}]en#-lil2-le sza3-gar lu2 nig2-hul iri-a ba-an-da-tusz#!?
 en: Enlil made starvation (in the form of?) an evil person dwell in the city
9'. nig2# iri gul-gul-e nig2 e2 gul-gul-e iri-a ba-an-da-tusz#
 en: He made that which destroys cities, that which destroys temples, dwell in the city
10'. nig2# igi-bi-ta {gesz}tukul# la-ba-gub-bu-a iri-a ba-an-da-tusz#
 en: He made that which before it a weapon does not stand (against) dwell in the city
11'. sza3# nu-si-si igi-nigin-nigin-bi iri-a ba-an-da-tusz#
 en: He made the hungry/unsatfisfied and the eye-roller dwell in the city
12'. uri2{ki}-ma gi dili du3-a-gin7 sag# sag3-ge nu-ga2-[...]
 en: In Ur, even (the fear/disdain of) head shaking like a single planted reed was not established
13'. ug3#-bi ku6 szu dab5-ba-gin7 zi-bi mi-ni-in-tum3#-[...]
 en: Its people took refuge like a caught fish
14'. tur# mah-bi i3-bara2-bara2-ge-esz lu2 nu-um-zi-zi#-[...]
 en: Meager and great alike spread out, no one arose/was mustered
15'. lugal#-bi dub-la2 u5-a nig2-gu7 la-ba-na-gal2#
 en: The king(?) was mounted atop the gate tower(?), there was no food there for him
16'. lugal# nig2-sa6-ga gu7 nag-a szukur2-re im-ma-an-[...]
 en: The king who had ate and drank good things, (had to now) clutch at a (mere) ration(?)
17'. [...] im#-szu2-szu2 igi im-la2-e sza3-ka-tab i3-zu-zu#
 en: The sun was clouded over, (one) was being envious/watching(?) and knew fasting
18'. [...]-edin#-na kasz nu-gal2 gid2!?-da-bi nu-um-gal2#?
 en: There was no beer in the “house of the plain"(!?), its ... was not present
19'. [...] nig2#-gu7# la-ba-na-gal2 tusz-u3-bi nu-du10#?
 en: There was no food for him in his palace, it was not good(?) for dwelling
20'. [ga2]-nun#? mah#?-[a]-ni sze nu-um-si-si zi-bi# la-ba-szi-in#-[...]
 en: His supreme storehouse was not filled with grain, no one could take refuge there(?)
21'. gur7# du6# gur7 [masz] {d#}nanna-kam {d}asznan nu-x-[...]
 en: (The) grain (goddess) was not present in the large and small grain heaps
22'. kin2#-sig dingir-re-ne#?-[...]-x-gu7#? ki#?-si-ga ba-x-[...]
 en: The afternoon meal of the gods was not? eaten, funerary offerings(?) ...
23'. unu2#? gal-ba kurun2 lal3 gesztin x [...] x [...]
 en: In the great banquet the honeyed liquor and ... wine ceased?
24'. giri2#-PA-a gu4 udu gu7#? gu4 x [...]
 en: The giriPAa knife that consumes oxen and sheep ...
25'. gir4# mah-ba gu4 udu i3-x-[...]
 en: In the great oven the oxen and sheep were not being prepared (i.e., roasted?), one could no longer smell it(?)
26'. bur#-sag a2# sikil {d}nanna-kam [...]
 en: The cry/breath of the “pure-armed” bursag building/functionary(?) stopped(?)
27'. e2 gu4#-gin7 gu3 bi2-in-du11#-[...]
 en: The temple that had once belowed like a bull ... silently
28'. mu-DU ku3-ga si nu-mu-un#-[...]
 en: ... did not execute deliveries properly, ...
29'. {na4}kin2 {gesz}naga3 {gesz}gan-[na ...]
 en: The millstone, the mortar, and the pestle sat idle, no one bends down towards them
30'. kar {na4}za-gin3 {d}nanna#-[...]
 en: In the lapis harbor of Nanna (boats?) were “bound in the water” (due to silt?)
31'. a#? ma2 sag-ga2-a szex(TU6)# nu#-[...]
 en: The water of the prow did not scream(?), it did not cast joy?
32'. unu2#?-RI-banda3{+da#} [...]
 en: Sand(?) was piled up in the unuRIbanda building/shrine of Nanna
33'. [{u2}]numun2# SZE3 x [...]
 en: The ... rushes grew, the ... rushes grew, the reed of mourning(?) grew
34'. [...] kar [...]
 en: Boats and barges quit the shining harbor
35'. [...] x x [...]
 en: ...
36'. [...] x x [...]
 en: ...
37'. [...] x [...]
 en: ...
  rest broken
  beginning broken
  blank space

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Literary (ETCSL 2.02.03 Lament for Sumer and Ur (witness))
  • Language(s): Sumerian

  • history: UET 6, 0130 + 0511

    [Gadd1963] Gadd, Cyril J., and Aaron Shaffer. 1963, 1966.

  • history: LSU, p.32

    [Michalowski1989LamentationSumer] Michalowski, Piotr. 1989. The Lamentation over the Destruction of Sumer and Ur. Vol. 1. Mesopotamian Civilizations. Winona Lake, Ind : Eisenbrauns.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: BM —
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No: U —
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2024-07-19 at 13:59:15 Firth, Richard Artifact, Other Entity Firth, Richard Firth, Richard approved View
2024-07-12 at 18:14:13 Firth, Richard Artifact, Other Entity Firth, Richard Firth, Richard approved View
2023-06-15 at 20:34:30 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2019-11-29 at 10:36:54 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2019-06-11 at 10:42:01 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2019-05-29 at 21:01:58 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2006-11-02 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact Foxvog, Daniel A.; Guerra, Dylan; Peterson, Jeremiah; Veldhuis, Niek; Wolfe, Jared N. CDLI approved View

This artifact is a witness to the following composite(s):

Composite Score
CDLI Literary 000380 (Lament for Sumer and Ur) composite (P469682) View the score

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“CDLI Literary 000380, Ex. 024 Artifact Entry.” (2006) 2024. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). July 19, 2024.
CDLI Literary 000380, ex. 024 artifact entry (No. P346215). (2024, July 19). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). (Original work published 2006)
CDLI Literary 000380, ex. 024 artifact entry (2024) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: (Accessed: July 22, 2024).
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-07-22]},
	year = {2024},
	month = {jul 19},
	title = {CDLI {Literary} 000380, ex. 024 artifact entry},
	url = {},
	howpublished = {},

DA  - 2024/7/19/
PY  - 2024
ID  - P346215
LB  - CDLI:P346215
M1  - 2024/7/22/
TI  - CDLI Literary 000380, ex. 024 artifact entry
UR  -
ER  - 
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