CDLI Literary 000335, ex. 047 (P346204)

Literary tablet excavated in Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in British Museum, London, UK

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Chemical Data

Seal Chemistry

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Museum Collection(s)

British Museum, London, UK

Museum Number

BM —

Period

Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

Provenience

Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)

Artifact Type

Tablet

Material(s)

Clay

Genre / Subgenre(s)

Literary (ETCSL 1.01.04 Enki’s Journey to Nippur ('Decad no. 07') (witness))

Language(s)

Sumerian

Measurements

-

Witness

tablet
obverse
column 1
1. [...]-a# nam ba-tar-ra#-a-ba
 en: In those distant days when fate was determined
2. [...]-gal2 an u3-tu-da
 en: The year (of?) abundance engendered by An/The year in which abundance and heaven (alike) were born(?)
3. [...]-e# u2-szim-gin7 ki in-dar-ra-a-ba
 en: When the people split (through) the earth like vegetation
4. [...] abzu# lugal {d}en-ki-ke4
 en: The lord of the Abzu, king Enki
5. [... {d}]en#-ki en# nam tar-tar-re-de3#
 en: ...(?) Enki, the lord who is to determine fate
6. [...]-a#-ni ku3 {na4}za-gin3-na tesz2-bi ba-ni-in-du3#
 en: Built his temple (with) the combination of(?) silver and lapis
7. [...] {na4#}za-gin3-bi u4 kar2-kar2-a-ka
 en: The silver and lapis was something that (lit. of) glowing sunlight
8. [...] abzu# ul im-ma-ni-in-du3
 en: He made(?) rosette/star decorations(?) in shrine Abzu
9. [...] galam# du11-ga abzu-ta e3-a
 en: In the pure cultic space/crown(?) that was artfully crafted/furnished with stairs(?), coming out from the Abzu
10. [...]-dim2-mud-ra mu-un-na-sug2-sug2-ge-esz
 en: ... stood for/served lord Nudimmud
11. [...]-ga#-am3 i-ni-in-du3
 en: It was silver that he built the temple with
12. [{na4}]za#-gin3-na-am3 i-ni-in-gun3
 en: It was lapis that he made it colorful with
13. [...]-le#-esz ku3-sig17-ga szu tag ba-ni#-in-du11
 en: He adorned it(!?) greatly in gold
14. [...]{ki#}-ga e2 gu2-a bi2-in-du3
 en: In Eridu he built the temple on the riverbank
15. [...]-bi inim du11-du11 ad gi4#-gi4
 en: Its brickwork speaks words and gives advice
16. [...]-bi gu4-gin7 murum# [...]-sza4
 en: Its reed layers within the brick bellowed like a bull
17. [...]-x-[...] gu3# nun# [...]-dam#
 en: The temple of Enki is to shout nobly
18. [...] im#-ma-an-DU du10-bi-esz2 mu-na#?-ga2#-ga2#
 en: The temple brought praise at(?) night for the king while presenting it sweetly/bending its knee (to him)(?)
19. [...] sukkal# {d}|PAP.SIG7.NUN.ME.BAD3.X|-de3 im#?-[...]
 en: For Enki, the vizier Isimud was speaking(?)
20. [...] gu3# mu-un#-[...]
 en: He stood in the temple and was speaking
21. [...] gu3# im-ma-ab-szum2#-[...]
 en: He stood in the brickwork and was giving voice/explicating
22. [...] x x x x [...]
 en: House that was founded in silver and lapis, its foundation set in the Abzu
23. [...] mi2# du11#-ga
 en: Cared for by the prince in the Abzu
24. [...]-NUN#-na me# mah# [...]-a
 en: Who accepted (its) supreme me(?) and aura in/from(?) the Tigris and Euphrates
25. [...] gaba#?-[...]-x
 en: Your door lock has no rival
26. [...] gur3#-ru#
 en: Your bolt is a lion bearing an aura
27. [...] du11#-ga
 en: Your roof beam is the bull of heaven, a pure cultic space/crown(?) that was artfully crafted/furnished with stairs(?)
28. {gi#}kid za#-gin3#-na# [{gesz}]guszur-x gun3#-a
 en: (Your) reed mat sparkles in lapis/blue? towards the roof beams(?)
29. nir#-gam-ma#-zu am# si gur3#-ru
 en: Your vault is a wild bull raising its horns
30. ka2#?-zu# ur#-mah# lu2 szu# ti#-a
 en: Your gate is a lion seizing a man
31. [...]-x-zu ug2 lu2#-ra# e3#-de3#
 en: Your threshold is an ug creature going out towards a man
32. abzu# ki sikil me-te# gal2#
 en: The Abzu, a pure place, fitting
column 2
1. e2-engur#-ra lugal-zu giri3 im-ma-ri#-gub#
 en: E'engura temple, your king has set foot (there) for you
2. {d}en-ki lugal abzu-ke4
 en: Enki, the king of the Abzu
3. temen-zu {na4}gug im-ma-da-an-si-ig
 en: He has set(?) carnelian along(?) your foundation
4. mux(|KAxSZE|)-mux(|KAxSZE|) za-gin3-na mi2 im-ma-ri-in-du11
 en: With incantations/noise(?) he has taken care of (your) lapis(?)
5. e2 {d}en-ki-ke4 lal3-hur-ra ku3 gurum2 ak
 en: Temple whose pure wax design(?) has been inspected by Enki
6. gu4 lugal#-bi-ir us2-a si-ga
 en: A bull that is set on track for its master
7. ni2-bi-sze3 murum sza4 tesz2-bi ad gi4-gi4
 en: Roaring on behalf of its aura(?) and advising (on behalf of) its dignity(?)
8. e2#-engur#-ra# {d}en-ki-ke4 {gi}dub-ba-an ku3 la2-a
 en: E'engura temple, (whose) pure reed fence has been hung/bound (together) by Enki
9. sza3#-zu#-ta#!? bara2 mah ki gar-ra
 en: In your midst a supreme dais is founded
10. za3#-du8#-zu# aszkud2#? ku3 an-na#
 en: Your door jamb is the pure aškud bolt(?) of heaven/An
11. en gesztu2 lugal {d}en-ki#-ke4#
 en: The lord of wisdom, king Enki
12. {d}nu-dim2-mud en eridu{ki}-ga-[ke4]
 en: Nudimmud, the lord of Eridu
13. sza3 szeg9-bar-ra lu2 igi# nu-bar#-[...]-de3#?
 en: (In?) the “heart of the fallow deer,” into which no one can see
14. abgal-zu siki# bar#-ra# bi2#-in#-duh#
 en: He has made(?) your abgal priest loosen (his) hair upon the back
15. eridu{ki} {d}en-ki-ke4# [...] ag2#-ga2#-[...]
 en: When Enki loves Eridu(!?)
16. e2-engur-ra sza3 he2#-gal2# x-[...]
 en: The midst of the E'engura temple is(?) filled with abundance
17. abzu zi kalam-ma# ki# ag2#? {d}en#?-[...]
 en: Abzu, the life of the land, beloved by Enki
18. e2 za3-ga du3-a me galam#-ma tum2#?-[...]
 en: Temple build on the edge, suitable for the elaborate cosmic powers
19. eridu{ki} gissu-zu ab sza3-ga# la2#-[...]
 en: Eridu, your shade extends into the midst of the sea
20. a-ab zi-ga gaba#-[...] nu#?-[...]
 en: Risen sea that has no rival
21. i7 mah ni2 gal2#-[...]
 en: Supreme river possessing an aura and giving the land gooseflesh
22. e2#-engur#?-ra#? u18-ru# mah# [...]
 en: E'engur temple, great flood(?) that touches the ground
23. e2# da# e2#?-engur-ra pirig abzu# [...]
 en: Temple adjoining the deep water(!?), pirig creature in/of the inner Abzu
24. e2# mah# {d#?}en#?-ki#-ke4#? gesztux(|GISZ.TUG2|)# [...]
 en: Supreme temple of Enki giving wisdom in the land
25. [...] zi#?-ga#?-gin7#
 en: Your shout, like a risen river
26. [...]-x [{d}]en-ki-ra# mu-un#-na#-du12-am3
 en: Is singing for king Enki
27. e2 ku3-ga-ni!-sze3! du10#-bi-sze3 mu-un-na-ga2-ga2
 en: Towards the holy temple he presents sweetly/bends (his?) knee (to it)(?)
28. {gesz}za3-mi2 {gesz}al#-gar {kusz}balag {gesz}sur9#-za#
 en: The lyre, the algar instrument, the balag drum, and the tamborine/rattle
29. {gesz}har-har {gesz}sa-bi2-tum {gesz}mi-rix(U18)-tum e2 si-ga-am3#?
 en: The harhar instrument, the sabitum instrument, and the “Mari instrument” that silences the temple(?)
30. ad du10-ga nundum bur2-re bulug5-ge26#!
 en: (The ones with) a sweet voice and “releasing and growing" lips
31. sza3 ni2-ba-ke4-esz ad ha-ba-ni-ib#-sza4
 en: May they resound because of(?) their own hearts (i.e., their distinct sounds?)
32. {gesz#}al#-gar ku3 {d}en-ki-ke4 ni2-bi-a mu-na-an-du12
 en: The holy algar instrument of Enki has played itself for him
33. nar# imin#-e ad he2-em-mi-ib-sza4
 en: May the seven musicians sing/play(?)
reverse
column 1
1. du11-ga# {d#}en-ki-ke4 szu nu-bala-e-de3
 en: The utterance of Enki, which is not to be changed
2. KA-x ki-bi-sze3 gal2-la-am3
 en: ... is set towards its (proper) place
3. szeg12# e2-engur-ra-ka szir3 du10-ge-esz im-me
 en: He is singing sweetly about(?) the brickwork of the E'engura temple
4. mu-un-du3-a-ba mu-un-du3-a-ba
 en: When/In that which he had built (the temple), in that he had built (the temple)
5. eridu#{ki} {d}en-ki-ke4 im-ma-ni-in-il2-a-ba#
 en: In that which Enki had raised in Eridu
6. hur#-sag# galam gar3-gin7 a-e ba-diri
 en: Like/as a mountain range that is craftily knotted/equipped with stairs(?) it floats on the water
7. za3-ga-ni-a gesz-gi ba-an-tusz#
 en: The reedbed dwells at its border(?)
8. {gesz}kiri6 sig7-ga gurun il2-a-ba
 en: In its verdant orchards that bear fruit
9. muszen-e giri3!?-bi mu-un-ga2-ga2
 en: The bird sets foot/treads there(?)
10. suhur{ku6}-e a-lal3-e e-ne mu-un-e3#-de3#?
 en: The suhur carp plays(?) in the ulal plants(?)
11. esztub#?{ku6#}-e gi-zi di4#-di4-la2-asz? kun# mu#-[...]
 en: The eštub carp flap their tails for him towards(!?) the tiny gizi reed grouth
12. {d#}[...] x x [...] x x x [...]
 en: When Enki rises, the fish rise as a wave
13. abzu#-e u6#!?-e# im#-[...]
 en: In the Abzu, he stands amid admiration
14. e2#-engur hul2-la-am3 mu-ni-[...]
 en: In the E'engura temple rejoicing ...
15. a#-ab-ba-gin7 ni2# mu-un-da#-[...]
 en: Like the sea, he can possess(?) an aura
16. i7 mah-am3 su#-zi! mu-un-da#-[...]
 en: He is a supreme river who can cast(?) a radiance
17. {i7}buranun-na {tu15}ulu3{+lu} sur2 mu-da-an#?-[...]
 en: In the Euphrates river he can raise a furious southern wind
18. {gesz}gi-musz-a-ni musz-{d}nerah-a-ni
 en: His boat pole (is) his serpent(?), Neraḫ
19. {gesz}gisal-ni ki{muszen} tur-tur-ra-ni#
 en: His oar(s) (are) his little kib birds
20. {d#}en-ki u5-a-ni mu he2-gal2 sug4-ga [...]
 en: When Enki sails, the year is filled with abundance
21. ma2# ni2#-bi nam-duh esz2! ni2#-bi nam-dab5!-x
 en: The boat released itself and seized its own ropes(?)
22. e2# eridu{ki}-ga-sze3 x-da#-kar-ra [...]
 en: After(?) he “fled” towards the temple of Eridu
23. i7#-da lugal-bi-ir ad# im-mi#-ib-gi4-gi4
 en: In(?) the river ... was advising its king
24. gu3-bi gu3 amar-ra gu3 ab2 du10-ga-ke4
 en: (The one whose) voice (was) the voice of a calf, the voice of a sweet cow
25. {d}en-ki-ke4 gu4 im-ma-ab-gaz#-e udu! im-ma-ab-szar2#-re
 en: Enki was slaughtering bulls and slaughtering sheep
26. {kusz}a2-la nu-gal2-la ki-bi-sze3 bi2-in-gi4
 en: He restored the ala drum that was not present to its (proper) place
27. szem5{zabar} nu-gal2-la ki#-bi-sze3 im-mi-in-e3
 en: He brought out the šem drum that was not present to its (proper) place
28. nibru{ki}-sze3 giri3-ni dili mu-un-gub
 en: He set out alone towards Nibru
29. gi-gun4-na esz3 nibru{ki}-sze3 im-ma-da-an-ku4-ku4
 en: He was entering into the giguna terrace (of) shrine Nibru
30. {d}en-ki-ke4 kasz-kasz-e ba-de2 kurun2-kurun2-e ba-de2
 en: Enki approached(!) the beer, he approached(!) the kurun liquor
31. kurun2# sig17 zabar ba-ni-in-de2
 en: He poured yellow(?) kurun liquor into a bronze (bowl?)
32. {kasz}|KU.AN| dili-am3 ba-ni-in-sur
 en: He filtered ulušin beer that was singular (in quality, frequency, or “he alone"?)
33. {dug}ku-kur-du3 kasz du10-du10-ga duh-ba bi2-in-sa2-sa2
 en: He made kukurdu containers settle(?) in/with(?) the residue(?) of the very good/sweetened beer(?)
34. ka-bi# lal3 zu2-lum-ma nig2-GIR3 ba-ni-in-de2?
 en: In its (the vessel's?) mouth he poured(?) date syrup ...
35. duh-bi nig2 lu-lu-a-asz sed4-e bi2#-in#?-duh#
 en: He “released"(?) the residue by cooling it(?), (making it?) into “that which is mixed(!?)”
column 2
1. [{d}]en-ki#-ke4# esz3-e nibru#{ki#}-am3
 en: Enki, who was in shrine Nibru
2. [a]-a#-ni {d}en-lil2-ra ninda mu-un#-gu7#?-e
 en: For his father, Enlil, he was “making bread be eaten”
3. [...] ki mah-am3# x im#-ma#-an-tusz
 en: He seated ... An in what was the supreme place
4. [...]-ra# {d}en#-lil2#? im-ma-ni-in-us2
 en: For An, he made Enlil follow there
5. [{d}]nin#-tur5# za3#? [...]-la# im-ma-an-tusz
 en: He seated Nintur in the “seat of honor” (lit. great(er) side)
6. [...]-us2-bi im-mi-in-dur2-ru-ne-esz
 en: He sat the Anuna gods in their “foundations"(?)
7. [...]-na8#-na8-e kurun2 i-du10-du10-ge4?-esz
 en: They (lit. the people) were drinking, they were making themselves sweet(!?)with kurun liquor
8. [...] im-gur4-gur4-e-ne
 en: They were rolling around (i.e., knocking over?) the bronze vessels (like/filled with?) apples(!?)
9. [... a]-da#-min3 im-di-e-ne
 en: (They were making?) the bronze (bowls) have a contest with Uraš (i.e. the earth, by knocking them onto the ground)(?)
10. [...]-MIR-MIR-e-ne
 en: They were ... the bowl (shaped like?) the holy barge (i.e., the crescent moon?)(?)
11. [...]-du10#-ga-ta
 en: After beer was drunk and kurun liquor was “enjoyed”
12. [...]-ra#?-gar-ra-ta
 en: After they set foot away from the temple
13. [...]{ki#?}-a# mu#-ni-x-x
 en: Enlil ... rejoicing in Nibru
14. [...]-na#-ke4-ne gu3 mu-na#-de2-e
 en: Enlil was speaking to the Anuna
15. [...] i3-sug2-ge-esz-za-na
 en: Great gods who are present
16. [...]-na#?-ka si bi2-in-sa2-NE-en
 en: Anuna, you who (assemble) properly in the Ubšu'ukken
17. [...]-du3# lugal {d}en-ki-ke4
 en: My son built the temple, king Enki
18. [...] ki-ta ba-ra-an-ri
 en: He made Eridu distant(?) from the ground like a mountain range
19. [...] e2 im-ma-an-du3
 en: It was a good place that he built the temple (in)
20. [...] nu#-ku4-ku4-de3
 en: (In) Eridu, the pure place which no one is to enter
21. [...] {na4}za-gin3-na gun3-a
 en: The temple built in silver and made colorful in lapis
22. [...] sa2#-e nam-szub szum2-ma
 en: The temple that (plays) the seven tigi drums properly and produces incantations/namšub prayers(?)
23. [...] e2 ki al-du10-ga
 en: The pure and dignified(!?) šir songs that make the temple site sweet(?)
24. [... {d}]en#-ki!-ke4 me galam-ma# tum2#-ma#
 en: Shrine Abzu, the goodness of Enki, suitable for the elaborate me
25. [...] e2# ku3-ga du3-a#-[...]
 en: It is the building of temple of silver of (i.e., in) Eridu
26. [...] za3-mi2
 en: Enki, praise
  blank space

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Literary (ETCSL 1.01.04 Enki’s Journey to Nippur ('Decad no. 07') (witness))
  • Language(s): Sumerian


  • history: UET 6, 0119

    [Gadd1963] Gadd, Cyril J., and Aaron Shaffer. 1963, 1966.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: BM —
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No: U —
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2023-06-15 at 20:34:30 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2019-06-01 at 14:34:08 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2019-05-29 at 21:01:59 Englund, Robert K. Atf Peterson, Jeremiah CDLI approved View
2006-11-02 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact Foxvog, Daniel A.; Guerra, Dylan; Peterson, Jeremiah; Veldhuis, Niek; Wolfe, Jared N. CDLI approved View

This artifact is a witness to the following composite(s):

Composite Score
CDLI Literary 000335 (Enki's Journey to Nippur) composite (P469517) View the score

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“CDLI Literary 000335, Ex. 047 Artifact Entry.” (2006) 2023. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). June 15, 2023. https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346204.
CDLI Literary 000335, ex. 047 artifact entry (No. P346204). (2023, June 15). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346204 (Original work published 2006)
CDLI Literary 000335, ex. 047 artifact entry (2023) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346204 (Accessed: July 14, 2024).
@misc{2023CDLI,
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-07-14]},
	year = {2023},
	month = {jun 15},
	title = {CDLI {Literary} 000335, ex. 047 artifact entry},
	url = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346204},
	howpublished = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346204},
}

TY  - ELEC
DA  - 2023/6/15/
PY  - 2023
ID  - P346204
LB  - CDLI:P346204
M1  - 2024/7/14/
TI  - CDLI Literary 000335, ex. 047 artifact entry
UR  - https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346204
ER  - 
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