CDLI Literary 000472, ex. 001 (P346203)

Literary tablet excavated in Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in British Museum, London, UK

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Chemical Data

Seal Chemistry


Museum Collection(s)

British Museum, London, UK

Museum Number

BM —


Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)


Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)

Artifact Type




Genre / Subgenre(s)

Literary (ETCSL Ishme-Dagan W (witness))






column 1
1. iri{ki} me-lam2-zu
2. an-ki-a dul9
 en: City, your aura covers the universe
3. u18-ru-zu mah dab
 en: Your might is supreme and surpassing
4. esz3 nibru{ki}
 en: Shrine Nibru
5. ki an a-na szu2-a-asz
 en: Wherever the heavens cover (i.e., everywhere)
6. ne3-zu za3-bi-sze3 gal2
 en: Your strength is there (all the way to) its boundaries
7. szeg12 kilib3-ba
8. kalam-ma ki gar-ra
 en: (Among) all of the brick (structures) founded in the land
9. szeg12-zu szeg12 sag-bi-im
 en: Your brickwork is the foremost brickwork
10. kur-kur-re
11. iri{ki} <a>-na du3-a-ba
12. me mah szu mi-ni-ti
 en: The lands accept the supreme cosmic powers in all their cities
13. me mah-zu-gin7
 en: Like your supreme cosmic powers,
14. mu-zu mah-am3
 en: your reputation is supreme
15. mu-zu-gin7
 en: Like your reputation,
16. sahar-zu sahar du10-ga-am3
 en: your soil is good soil
17. iri{ki} an-ki-a
18. mu-zu diri-ga-am3
 en: City, your name is surpassing in the universe
19. us2-sag
 en: You are the bond
20. sig igi-nim-ma
 en: of the lowlands and highlands,
21. dim-gal ug3 szar2-ra-me-en
 en: the great pillar of the many people
22. me-zu me galam-ma
 en: Your cosmic powers are clever and
23. me nu-sag2-dam
 en: that cannot be dispersed
24. gesz-hur-zu-u8?
 en: And thus your plans,
25. abzu si-ga-gin7
 en: like something that occupies the subterranean waters,
26. ni2 gal szi-im-duh-duh
 en: And thus your plans, like something that occupies the subterranean waters, emit a great aura
column 2
1. nam-mah-zu
 en: your greatness,
2. {d}urasz sig7-ga-gin7
 en: which is verdant like the goddess Uraš (earth personified)
3. na-me nu-zu-zu-dam
 en: No one is to ascertain.
4. nam tar-ra
 en: Your fate,
5. sag-bi-sze3 e3-a-zu
 en: going out at the forefront,
6. nig2 ar2-re-esz dab-ba
 en: is something that surpasses (any) praise
7. hur-sag sukud-ra2
 en: A high mountain range
8. szu nu-te-ga2-me-en
 en: that no hand can approach are you.
9. sag il2 za3 dab-ba
 en: Head raised high, surpassing
10. an-ne2 us2-sa-me-en
 en: You are touching heaven
11. sza3-zu u18-ru-me-en
 en: Your interior is powerful
12. bar-zu
 en: Your exterior
13. ni2 gur3-ru-me-en
 en: is filled with awe
14. {d}a-nun-na-ke4-ne
15. u2 nam-ti-la-bi-sze3
16. za-e
17. szi-im-ma-ab-du3-en
 en: And thus you produce food (for) the Anuna for their lives
18. gu7 nag-bi-sze3
19. szi-im-ma-sig7-ge-en
 en: You are verdant for their eating and drinking
20. amasz zi-bi-sze3 gal2-me-en
 en: You are the sheepfold that is there for their breath
21. a2-zu-ta
22. gu sa-par4 gid2-gin7
23. nig2-nam# la-ba-ra-e3
 en: Nothing can escape from you arm, which is like the extended cords of a net
24. esz3 nibru{ki}
25. a-ra2-zu nig2 mah-am3
 en: Shrine Nibru, your way is that of greatness
26. nig2 ka-ge dab-ba
 en: Surpassing description
27. me hal-ha-zu
28. gesz-szub zi-da
column 1
1. nig2 sag2 nu-di-dam
 en: When you divide up the cosmic powers (it results in) a true lot that cannot be dispelled
2. iri{ki} sza3-zu
3. ku3-ga-am3
 en: City, your inside is pure
4. bar-zu szen-szen-am3
 en: Your outside is pure
5. su-bar-ra-zu
6. me-lam2 gur3-ru-am3
 en: Your body bears an aura
7. ki-zu ki suh-ha-am3
 en: Your site is a chosen(?) place
8. en gesztux(|GISZ.TUG2|)-a
9. kur-gal {d}en-lil2-le
10. sza3-zu-a esz3 bi2-in-du3
 en: The lord of wisdom, the Great Mountain Enlil, has built a shrine in your midst
11. esz3-bi
12. esz3 za-gin3
13. esz3 nam tar-re-dam
 en: That shrine, the sparkling shrine, it is the shrine that is to determine fate
14. e2-kur
15. e2 za-gin3
16. e2 nam tar-re-dam
 en: The Ekur, the sparkling temple, it is the temple that is to determine fate
17. nun-zu
18. {d}nu-nam-nir
19. ninda2 me ru-a
 en: Your ruler, Nunamnir, the young bull who inseminates the cosmic powers
20. ama {d}nin-lil2
21. nin gal ki-ur3-ra-a
22. nin me u3-tu-da
 en: Mother Ninlil, the great queen of the Ki'ur complex, lady who gave birth to the cosmic powers
23. e-ne e-ne-gin7
24. kalam-ma
25. dingir a-ba
26. mu-un-ti
 en: What other god lives in the land like he and she?
27. a-ne-ne
28. umusz galgax(|NUN.LAGARxGAR|) ki u4 te
29. szu bi2-in-gur-ru-usz
 en: They have wrapped themselves with intelligence and counsel at the place of dusk
column 2
1. husz-bi
2. bi2-in-dur2-ru-ne-esz
 en: They have sat down (in their thrones) with a reddish hue(?)
3. me zi me gal
4. me ar2-re-ka
5. dur2 im-mi-in-gar-re-esz
 en: They have sat down (in their thrones) among the true cosmic powers, the great powers, the cosmic powers of praise
6. {d}a-nun-na-ke4-ne
7. ama a-a ugu-bi-gin7
8. igi-bi im-szi-gal2
 en: The Anuna gods look to them as their birth parents
9. inim ku3 kal-kal
10. zi-de3-esz di-bi
11. gizzal
12. szi-ma-an-ke4-esz
 en: And therefore they listen to their pure and most precious words, uttered faithfully
13. {d}en-lil2
14. {d}nin-lil2-bi
15. an-na
16. igi im-mi-in-gal2-esz
 en: Both Enlil and Ninlil looked at the sky
17. ki-a
18. za3 mi-ni-in-gar-re-esz
 en: They made a (temporary) sanctuary(?) on the earth (according to the stars they saw)
19. u4-bi-a
20. an gal
21. ki dagal-ba
22. sza3-bi mu-un-e3-a
 en: At that time, the intentions for the broad earth that great An had brought forth (for Enlil and Ninlil to see)
23. dingir {d}a-nun-na
24. an-ki-ke4-ne
25. kin2 ib2-gi4-gi4-ne
 en: The Anuna gods of heaven and earth set to work (to fulfill them)
26. {gesz}al
27. {gesz}dupsik
28. nig2 uru17 ki ga2-ga2
29. szu-ba x
30. mu-un-gal2
 en: The hoe and the earth-moving basket, those (tools) which establish a city, were ... in their hands
31. x [...] {d?}ha?-ia3? {d}nisaba
 en: ... Haya(?) and Nisaba

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Literary (ETCSL Ishme-Dagan W (witness))
  • Language(s): Sumerian

  • history: UET 6, 0118

    [Gadd1963] Gadd, Cyril J., and Aaron Shaffer. 1963, 1966.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: BM —
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No: U 07744
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2023-06-28 at 23:15:35 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Hafford, William B.; Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2023-06-15 at 20:34:30 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2019-06-01 at 14:34:08 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2019-05-29 at 21:01:59 Englund, Robert K. Atf Peterson, Jeremiah CDLI approved View
2006-11-02 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact Foxvog, Daniel A.; Guerra, Dylan; Peterson, Jeremiah; Veldhuis, Niek; Wolfe, Jared N. CDLI approved View

This artifact is a witness to the following composite(s):

Composite Score
CDLI Literary 000472 (Ishme-Dagan W) composite (P491658) View the score

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“CDLI Literary 000472, Ex. 001 Artifact Entry.” (2006) 2023. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). June 28, 2023.
CDLI Literary 000472, ex. 001 artifact entry (No. P346203). (2023, June 28). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). (Original work published 2006)
CDLI Literary 000472, ex. 001 artifact entry (2023) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: (Accessed: June 15, 2024).
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-06-15]},
	year = {2023},
	month = {jun 28},
	title = {CDLI {Literary} 000472, ex. 001 artifact entry},
	url = {},
	howpublished = {},

DA  - 2023/6/28/
PY  - 2023
ID  - P346203
LB  - CDLI:P346203
M1  - 2024/6/15/
TI  - CDLI Literary 000472, ex. 001 artifact entry
UR  -
ER  - 
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