CDLI Literary 000481, ex. 016 (P346171)

Literary tablet excavated in Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in British Museum, London, UK

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Text / annotations

Text data


Linked annotations


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Chemical Data

Seal Chemistry


Museum Collection(s)

British Museum, London, UK

Museum Number

BM —


Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)


Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)

Artifact Type




Genre / Subgenre(s)

Literary (ETCSL Lipit-Ishtar A ('Decad no. 02') (witness))






1. a-ra-zu-ne [...]
 en: I am one (whose) supplication/prayers make Ninlil rejoice
2. ga2-la nu-dag-ge# [...]
 en: I am the unceasing one serving Nuska
3. ki-ur3#?-sze3 szu#? [...]
 en: I am one whose hand is oriented(?) towards the Ki'ur
4. nig2 tum2-tum2-e im2#-e [...]
 en: I am the fitting one for carrying things and running(?)
5. ul4#-ul4-la# dub3 nu-kusz2#-[...]
 en: I am one constantly hurrying (but) whose knees do not tire
6. nesag tum3# e2#! UD nu-x-[...]
 en: I am the bringer of the nesag offering who does not allow light to pass through(?) the Ebabbar temple
7. nibru{ki}-sze3# he2-gal2# [...]
 en: I am the one who chases(?) abundance towards/on behalf of Nippur
8. kesz3{ki!}-a iszib-bi x-[...]
 en: In Keš I am the one serving as(?) its išib priest
9. uri2#{ki}-sze3# i3 sag# [...]
 en: On behalf of Urim I am the first rate butter and cream
10. 1(u) eridu{ki}-sze3! ga2-la nu#-dag#?-[...]
 en: On behalf of Eridu I am its unceasing one
  with line tally 10
11. ki unu{ki}-sze3 nindaba [...]
 en: On behalf of the site of Unug I am the great nindaba offerings
12. e2-kur-ta nam#-ti# szum2-ma [...]
 en: I am the one given life by the Ekur temple(?)
13. zi-sza3#-gal2# uru2#-ni#-sze3# al# [...]
 en: I am the one who wishes for vitality on behalf of his city
14. {d}li#-pi2#-it#-esz18-dar sipa kur-kur-[...]
 en: I am lipit-Ištar, the shepherd of the lands
15. lugal me3#?-sze3# ku#-kur du7#-du7# [...]
 en: I am the king, a wave thrashing towards battle
16. da#-da#-ra nam#-szul#?-[...]
 en: I am one who does not loosen the knots of the bindings of youthfulness
17. giri2-ur3-ra u3#?-[...]
 en: I am the one sharpening the giri'ura knife
18. me3#-a nim-gin7# [...]
 en: In battle I am the one flashing like lightning
1. suhuszx(DU) gin6-na erin2#-[...]
 en: I am one who establishes the foundation and destroys among the troops
2. 1(u) {na4}KA-kal#? na4# x-x-[...]
 en: I am the sagkal stone(?), the stone that ...(?)
  with line tally 10
3. {kusz}gur21{+urx(SILA4)?} igi tab ugnim#-ma# [...]
 en: I am a shield, the watcher of the army
4. x-e#?-si#?-A2# ur-sag igi zalag-ga zu2#-kesz2# gin6-ne2#?-[...]
 en: I am the bright-faced hero who solidifies the troop formation
5. {d}li-pi2-it-esz18-dar dumu# {d}en-lil2#?-me#?-en#?
 en: I am lipit-Ištar, the son of Enlil
6. {kusz}ummu3 a# sed4# zi# gurusz-a#? [...]
 en: I am a waterskin (of) cold water, the life of the young man/worker
7. igi gal2 kaskal#-a an-dul7 erin2-na-me#-[en]
 en: I am the one who watches the campaign, the (protective) shade of the troops
8. lugal tusz#?-a-ni bara2#?-ga gen-na-me#-[en]
 en: I am a king that when he sits, he goes on(!?) the dais
9. sza3 dugud-da inim-sze3 gal2-la#-me#-[en]
 en: I put important thoughts to words(?)
10. dim2-ma kal!(KID) su13 a#-ra2-e# kin2#-ga2#? [...]
 en: I am one (who possesses) profound intellect and counsel(!?), seeking the (correct) way
11. nig2-nam nu-AN-GU-le-me-en# [...]
 en: I am one who does not hurry(!?) anything, ...
12. 1(u) sza3 su3-ra2 gesztu2 dagal-la-me#-[en]
 en: I am one (who possesses) profound thought and broad understanding
  with line tally 10
  blank space
13. im-gid2-da {d}nin-gesz-zi-[da-...]
 en: "Long-tablet" of Ningešzida-...
14. {iti#}NE-NE-gar u4 1(u) 3(disz)-[kam]
 en: month o"NENEgar," 13th day,
15. mu {+i3-si}isin2-na [...]
 en: year "Isin ...".
1. ki 3(u)-me#-en
 en: ... 30 (lines ...)

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Literary (ETCSL Lipit-Ishtar A ('Decad no. 02') (witness))
  • Language(s): Sumerian

  • history: UET 6, 0086

    [Gadd1963] Gadd, Cyril J., and Aaron Shaffer. 1963, 1966.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: BM —
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No: U 16854
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2023-06-28 at 23:15:35 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Hafford, William B.; Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2023-06-15 at 20:34:30 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2019-06-11 at 16:36:04 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2019-06-11 at 11:41:21 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2019-06-01 at 14:34:08 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2019-05-29 at 21:02:01 Englund, Robert K. Atf Peterson, Jeremiah CDLI approved View
2006-11-02 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact Foxvog, Daniel A.; Guerra, Dylan; Peterson, Jeremiah; Veldhuis, Niek; Wolfe, Jared N. CDLI approved View

This artifact is a witness to the following composite(s):

Composite Score
CDLI Literary 000481 (Lipit-Ishtar A) composite (P479861) View the score

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“CDLI Literary 000481, Ex. 016 Artifact Entry.” (2006) 2023. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). June 28, 2023.
CDLI Literary 000481, ex. 016 artifact entry (No. P346171). (2023, June 28). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). (Original work published 2006)
CDLI Literary 000481, ex. 016 artifact entry (2023) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: (Accessed: June 15, 2024).
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-06-15]},
	year = {2023},
	month = {jun 28},
	title = {CDLI {Literary} 000481, ex. 016 artifact entry},
	url = {},
	howpublished = {},

DA  - 2023/6/28/
PY  - 2023
ID  - P346171
LB  - CDLI:P346171
M1  - 2024/6/15/
TI  - CDLI Literary 000481, ex. 016 artifact entry
UR  -
ER  - 
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