CDLI Literary 000396, ex. 013 (P346167)

Literary tablet excavated in Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in British Museum, London, UK

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Text / annotations

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Chemical Data

Seal Chemistry

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Museum Collection(s)

British Museum, London, UK

Museum Number

BM —

Period

Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

Provenience

Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)

Artifact Type

Tablet

Material(s)

Clay

Genre / Subgenre(s)

Literary (ETCSL 2.04.02.02 Šulgi B (witness) Shulgi B)

Language(s)

Sumerian

Measurements

-

Witness

tablet
obverse
1. ama#-gi4 nu-me-en sza3 inim#-[...]
 en: (I) have known (how to impose) the meaning of the words “I am not freed”
2. inim-gu10# sag i3 li#-[...]
 en: My words are the finest of pressed/high quality oils
3. sza3 izi-gin7 bar7-ra-am3 [...]
 en: A heart that burns like fire--(I) have known its cooling
4. inim-ma lu2 inim-ma# diri-ga# [...]
 en: One will weigh (my) words against(?) a man excessive in words
5. nig2 kal-kal-la ga2-e lu2-[...]
 en: I am a man of the most precious things
6. sun5-na dugud-bi sag#-[...]
 en: The importance of being humbled is appreciated by me
7. nig2-na-me-<gu10>-u8 la-ba-an#-[...]
 en: One cannot slander/alter(?) anything of mine(?)
8. inim an-na inim {d}en-lil2-la2#-[...]
 en: By the word of An and Enlil
9. zi kalam-ma zi kur-kur-ra-ka giri17 szu x-x-gal2
 en: (I) shall cover (my) mouth (in submission) for the life of the homeland and the life of the foreign lands
10. ga2-la nu-dag#-ge musz3 nu-tum2-bi-me-en
 en: I am their unceasing one, their unfailing one
11. dingir-re-e-ne gub-ba in-ga-an-zu
 en: (I!) too have known how to serve the gods
12. {d}a-nun-na-ke4-e-ne ki#? sed4#!?-bi mu-zu
 en: (I) have known the cooling place(!?) of the Anuna
13. {d}szul-gi nam-nun-na gu2 gal pesz11#-a-me-en
 en: I am Shulgi, whose great neck grows thick in princeliness
14. nig2 gal-gal-la a-ba-da-ab-gal2-la-an#?
 en: When(?) I am able to have great things
15. sza3#?-gu10#? hul2-la ba-da-am3-gal2-la#
 en: Rejoicing is able to be (in) my heart
16. [...]-dag#-ge#? bar#?-x x-x-be2#-me#-en
 en: I am one who will not cast that which is being brought to an end aside
  rest broken
reverse
  beginning broken
1'. lugal# u4# [...]-a#-asz#? disz#?-[...]
 en: (Or) a single king from(?) ancient times
2'. sza3-gu10 nig2-a2-zi ba-ra-mu-un#-na#-ta#?-x-x
 en: Thus I am not plotting(?) violence against him
3'. nam-lu2-lu7 an-ta si-ga-a-ta
 en: (That which accrued) after mankind was placed from heaven (on the earth)(?)
4'. gesztu2 dab5-dab5-ba na-ga2#-ga2 nu-me-en
 en: I am not a barbarian(!) regarding (this) accumulated(?) knowledge
5'. en3-du u4-bi-a-ta# libir-ra u4 ul-a-asz
 en: From cultic songs of the (present?) time to ancient ones of distant days(?)
6'. tigi za-am-za-am szu IGI DU-gu10-ne
 en: Therefore when I ... the tigi and zamzam songs/instruments(?)
7'. u4 na-a-me# lul-sze3 ba-ra-bi2-pa3# ka-ge ba-ra-bi2-gi
 en: At no time have I chosen them/uttered(?) falsely or blocked them in the mouth
8'. nig2 libir-ra en3 he2-bi2-tar-tar szub-bu-de3 ba-ra-bi2-szum2
 en: Therefore I have inquired after these ancient things and not given them over to be abandoned
9'. szir3-gid2-da-ga2 e2 du10-ga-ga2 pa e3#? [...]
 en: Therefore I made my širgida songs manifest in my good palace/temple
10'. tigi za-am-za-am x-bi#? [...] gesztux(|GISZ.TUG2|)#-ga [...]
 en: Therefore the ... of the tigi and zamzam songs/instruments, everything, I embedded in (my) memory(?)
11'. nig2#? x-x [...] ba#-ra#-szub#?-[...]
 en: That which was thus not dropped from the hand

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Literary (ETCSL 2.04.02.02 Šulgi B (witness) Shulgi B)
  • Language(s): Sumerian


  • history: UET 6, 0082

    [Gadd1963] Gadd, Cyril J., and Aaron Shaffer. 1963, 1966.

  • history: Castellino Two Shulgi Hymns p. 29

    [sec87681] N.d.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: BM —
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No: U 16847
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2023-06-28 at 23:15:35 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Hafford, William B.; Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2023-06-15 at 20:34:30 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2019-06-11 at 11:14:36 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2019-05-29 at 21:02:01 Englund, Robert K. Atf Peterson, Jeremiah CDLI approved View
2006-11-02 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact Foxvog, Daniel A.; Guerra, Dylan; Peterson, Jeremiah; Veldhuis, Niek; Wolfe, Jared N. CDLI approved View

This artifact is a witness to the following composite(s):

Composite Score
CDLI Literary 000396 (Shulgi B) composite (P469698) View the score

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“CDLI Literary 000396, Ex. 013 Artifact Entry.” (2006) 2023. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). June 28, 2023. https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346167.
CDLI Literary 000396, ex. 013 artifact entry (No. P346167). (2023, June 28). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346167 (Original work published 2006)
CDLI Literary 000396, ex. 013 artifact entry (2023) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346167 (Accessed: July 14, 2024).
@misc{2023CDLI,
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-07-14]},
	year = {2023},
	month = {jun 28},
	title = {CDLI {Literary} 000396, ex. 013 artifact entry},
	url = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346167},
	howpublished = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346167},
}

TY  - ELEC
DA  - 2023/6/28/
PY  - 2023
ID  - P346167
LB  - CDLI:P346167
M1  - 2024/7/14/
TI  - CDLI Literary 000396, ex. 013 artifact entry
UR  - https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346167
ER  - 
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