CDLI Literary 000364, ex. 051 (P346145)

Literary tablet excavated in Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in British Museum, London, UK

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Chemical Data

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Museum Collection(s)

British Museum, London, UK

Museum Number

BM —

Period

Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

Provenience

Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)

Artifact Type

Tablet

Material(s)

Clay

Genre / Subgenre(s)

Literary (ETCSL 1.08.01.04 Gilgamesh, Enkidu and Netherworld (witness))

Language(s)

Sumerian

Measurements

-

Witness

tablet
obverse
1. lu2# ki# me3#-a#-ka# szub#?-x igi# bi2-duh#
 en: Did you see the man who fell a the site of battle?
2. ki# ama#-ni# sag#?-x x x nu#-un!-dab5#-be2# x-ni# er2# x-sze8#-sze8# x-a-ni# edin-na ba-an-nu2
 en: His mother does not seize his head(?) there, his spouse weeps, his ghost(?) has laid down in the plain
3. [...] x x-ne#?-ke4?-e#? igi#!? bi2#-duh#
 en: Did you see ...?
4. [...] x x NE# x x x x x-x-x-en
 en: ...
5. [...] x x [...] bi2#-duh#
 en: Did you see ...?
6. [...]-x
 en: ...
7. [... bi2]-duh#?
 en: Did you see ...?
8. [...]-x
 en: ...
9. [... bi2]-duh#
 en: Did you see ...?
10. [...]-x
 en: ...
11. [...] ba#?-an-kar-asz#?
 en: ... took away(?) ...
12'. [...] x-da#?-an#!?-gul#?-e#?
 en: ...
13. [...] x x igi bi2#!?-duh#
 en: Did you see ...?
14. [...]-x-x-ge#
 en: ...
15. [...]-ib#-bala#?-x
 en: ...
16. [...] al#?-x-e
 en: ..., he is eating/drinking ...
17. [...] bi2#-duh
 en: Did you see the ghost who had no one to place food (as a funerary offering)/who had no funerary offering?
18. [...] x sila szub-ba i3#-gu7#?-x
 en: Scraping the pot, he is eating bread crumbs that have fallen into the street
19. [...] bi2#-duh
 en: Did you see the little stillbirths, who do not know their own names?
20. [... e]-ne#?-di# im#-de#-ne
 en: They play in/on a trough/table of gold and silver
21. [...] nu#?-bi2#?-tak4#?-a
 en: ... not abandoned/opened(?)
22. [...] x x-a i3-sub#?-be2?
 en: Suckling/rubbing(?) ...
23. [...]-x-x
 en: ...
24. [...]-x
 en: ...
25. [... bi2]-duh#?
 en: Did you see ...?
reverse
  beginning broken
1'. [...] x [...] im#-mi#-gi4#-gi4#?-[...]
 en: ... was returning
2'. x-x im-mi-gi4-gi4-x-[...]
 en: ... was returning(?)
3'. {gesz}szu-kara2 a2-kar2-ra {gesz!?}pa-a-szu a2-gid2-da#? da-da-ra-sze3 mi-ni-in-x
 en: He girded himself/his long arms(?) with implements, armor, the pašu ax, and a spear(?)
4'. e2-gal-la-na!? hul2-hul2#-la mi-ni-in-gar
 en: He initiated constant/much rejoicing in his palace
5'. ug3 ki-sikil unu{ki}-ga sag#?-tuku bur-szum2-ma kul#-[aba4{ki} ...]
 en: The young men(!?) and women of Uruk, the foremost(?) and the matrons of Kulaba
6'. alan-bi igi mu-un-bar-bar-re-ne im-ma-hul2-hul2-la
 en: The were looking at the statue/form (of Gilgamesh?) and rejoicing intensely
7'. {d}utu agrun-na-ta e3-a-na#? sag mu-un-na-mi-ni-in-il2#?
 en: When Utu emerged from his chamber (at sunrise), he (Gilgamesh?) raised his head
8'. a2-bi mu-un-da-an-ag2
 en: He gave this(?) order
9'. a-a-gu10 u3 ama-gu10 a si#-ig#-ga#? nag#?-ze2#?-en#
 en: (Saying) “My father and mother, drink clear water!”
10'. u4 nu-mu-un-da-sa9 am3-da-diri AGA?-bi in-szi-in-TAG-ne
 en: The day could not reach the halfway point, it (the libation?) was overflowing(?), they were ...
11'. {d}gilgamesz2-e ki-hul#-a ba-an-szub
 en: Gilgamesh cast down the mourning site(?)
12'. u4 9(disz)-kam ki-hul-a ba-an-szub
 en: It was the 9th day, that he had cast down the mourning site(?)
13'. ug3 ki-sikil unu{ki}-ga sag#?-tuku bur#-szu-ma kul-aba4{ki} er2 ba-sze8-sze8
 en: The young men(!?) and young women of Uruk and the foremost(?) and the matrons of Kulaba wept
14'. bi2-in-du11-ga-gin7-nam
 en: It was when he said (this)
15'. dumu gir2-su{ki}-a za3 bi2-in-tag
 en: He rejected/shoved away the citizen(s) of girsu
16'. a-a-gu10 u3 ama-gu10 a si-ig nag#?-ze2?-en
 en: (Saying?) “my father and mother, drink clear water!”
17'. ur-sag {d}gilgamesz2 dumu {d}nin-sun2-ka za3-mi2-zu du10-ga-am3
 en: Hero Gilgamesh, sun of Ninsun, your praise is sweet

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Literary (ETCSL 1.08.01.04 Gilgamesh, Enkidu and Netherworld (witness))
  • Language(s): Sumerian


  • history: UET 6, 0060

    [Gadd1963] Gadd, Cyril J., and Aaron Shaffer. 1963, 1966.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: BM —
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No: U 17900l
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2023-06-15 at 20:34:30 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2019-06-11 at 09:27:40 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2019-06-01 at 14:34:09 Englund, Robert K. Atf Peterson, Jeremiah CDLI approved View
2019-05-29 at 21:02:01 Englund, Robert K. Atf Peterson, Jeremiah CDLI approved View
2015-02-21 at 18:09:57 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2011-10-07 at 08:45:20 Wagensonner, Klaus Atf Wagensonner, Klaus CDLI approved View
2006-11-02 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact Foxvog, Daniel A.; Guerra, Dylan; Peterson, Jeremiah; Veldhuis, Niek; Wolfe, Jared N. CDLI approved View

This artifact is a witness to the following composite(s):

Composite Score
CDLI Literary 000364 (Gilgamesh, Enkidu and the Netherworld) composite (P469670) View the score

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“CDLI Literary 000364, Ex. 051 Artifact Entry.” (2006) 2023. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). June 15, 2023. https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346145.
CDLI Literary 000364, ex. 051 artifact entry (No. P346145). (2023, June 15). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346145 (Original work published 2006)
CDLI Literary 000364, ex. 051 artifact entry (2023) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346145 (Accessed: June 18, 2024).
@misc{2023CDLI,
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-06-18]},
	year = {2023},
	month = {jun 15},
	title = {CDLI {Literary} 000364, ex. 051 artifact entry},
	url = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346145},
	howpublished = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346145},
}

TY  - ELEC
DA  - 2023/6/15/
PY  - 2023
ID  - P346145
LB  - CDLI:P346145
M1  - 2024/6/18/
TI  - CDLI Literary 000364, ex. 051 artifact entry
UR  - https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346145
ER  - 
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