CDLI Literary 000364, ex. 050 (P346144)

Literary tablet excavated in Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in British Museum, London, UK

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Text / annotations

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Chemical Data

Seal Chemistry

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Museum Collection(s)

British Museum, London, UK

Museum Number

BM —

Period

Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

Provenience

Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)

Artifact Type

Tablet

Material(s)

Clay

Genre / Subgenre(s)

Literary (ETCSL 1.08.01.04 Gilgamesh, Enkidu and Netherworld (witness))

Language(s)

Sumerian

Measurements

-

Witness

tablet
obverse
1. lu2#? {gesz}|DAR.GAG| ra igi bi2-[duh] a-na-gin7 i3-gal2#
 en: Did you see the man who struck (and dislodged(?)) the mast/mooring pole/loom peg(!?)? How is he (found) there?
2. x-TUG2 ama-gu10 lu2 he2-en-na-ab#-be2# ti bur12-ra-ni a [...]
 en: (He says?) “Now, someone should say to my mother(?) “his torn out (dislocated) rib (i.e., boat planking)(!?) (let the) water (pour in?)”
3. {gesz#?}sag-du ninda pad-pad-ra2-ni a bi2-ib-gul-la-a#?
 en: The (supporting) beam(!?) (crumbling) like breads crumbs, destroyed him(!?) with water(!?)
4. lu2#? urx(AMA)-ta szub-ba igi bi2-duh a-na-gin7 i3-gal2
 en: Did you see the man who had fallen from the roof(!?) How is he (found) there?
5. [...]-gin7 al-x-ma eh im-da-ab-gu7#?
 en: He ... like an ox, eaten by parasites
6. [...] a#?-a ama-na-ke4 sa2 bi2-in-du11-ga#?
 en: ...
7. [igi] bi2#-duh a-na-gin7 i3-gal2#
 en: Did you see the man who was overtaken by(?) the curse(?) of his mother and father? How is he (found) there?
8. ibila#? ba-an-da-kar#?-ra#? [...]-x szu# al-dag#?-dag#?-ge#?
 en: (His) heir has absconded from him, his ghost(?) roams around
9. [...] inim#? a!-a-na u3 ama!?-na [...] nu#?-te#?-ga2?-dam igi bi2-duh
 en: ...
10. [...] i3#-gal2#
 en: Did you see the man who was (intent to) not respect the command of his mother and father? How is he (found) there?
11. [...] x x [...]
 en: ...
  rest broken
reverse
  beginning broken
1'. [...]-ni [...]
 en: His food is set aside, his water is set aside
2'. [...] BU# al-[...]
 en: ...
3'. [...] a!? [...]
 en: He is eating ... food, he is drinking ... water
4'. [...]-a#? szub-ba igi bi2-[duh] a-na-gin7 [i3-gal2]
 en: Did you see the man who fell in battle(?)? How is he (found) there?
5'. [...] sag-du nu-dab#?-dab#?-[...]-ne#? dam#-a-ni er2 ba-ni-sze8-sze8
 en: There(?) his (father and?) mother do not grasp(?) (his?) head, his wife weeps
6'. [...] edin#?-na nu2#-na
 en: ...
7'. [...]-ma igi! bi2-duh a-na-gin7 i3-gal2
 en: Did you see (the man) whose corpse lies(!) in the plain ...? How is he (found) there?
8'. [...] x-ta x-ta im-x-LU#?
 en: ... apart from(?) ...
9'. [...] ki-si-ge? nu-tuku
 en: ...
10'. [...] i3-gal2
 en: Did you see the ghost that does not have someone (to provide) funerary offerings (for him)? I saw him. How is he treated?
11'. [...] pad#? ninda pad-ra2-a-ni sila#? szub#?-ba i3-gu7#?-e
 en: ..., he eats his bread crumbs that have fallen (into) the street
12'. [...]-gar-ra tur-tur# [...] ni2#-bi nu-zu!?
 en: ...
13'. a#-na-gin7# [...]
 en: <Did you see>(?) the tiny stillborn babies, who do not know their own names? How are they (found) there?
14'. {gesz#}bunig# ku3#?-[...]
 en: They play in a trough/bucket of gold and silver (filled with) honey and ghee
15'. lu2# izi NE#-[...] igi bi2-bar? [...]
 en: Did you see the man who was set on fire(?)? I looked around for him and did not see him

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Literary (ETCSL 1.08.01.04 Gilgamesh, Enkidu and Netherworld (witness))
  • Language(s): Sumerian


  • history: UET 6, 0059

    [Gadd1963] Gadd, Cyril J., and Aaron Shaffer. 1963, 1966.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: BM —
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No: U —
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2023-06-15 at 20:34:30 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2019-06-11 at 09:26:36 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2019-06-01 at 14:34:09 Englund, Robert K. Atf Peterson, Jeremiah CDLI approved View
2019-05-29 at 21:02:01 Englund, Robert K. Atf Peterson, Jeremiah CDLI approved View
2015-02-21 at 18:00:37 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2006-11-02 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact Foxvog, Daniel A.; Guerra, Dylan; Peterson, Jeremiah; Veldhuis, Niek; Wolfe, Jared N. CDLI approved View

This artifact is a witness to the following composite(s):

Composite Score
CDLI Literary 000364 (Gilgamesh, Enkidu and the Netherworld) composite (P469670) View the score

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“CDLI Literary 000364, Ex. 050 Artifact Entry.” (2006) 2023. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). June 15, 2023. https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346144.
CDLI Literary 000364, ex. 050 artifact entry (No. P346144). (2023, June 15). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346144 (Original work published 2006)
CDLI Literary 000364, ex. 050 artifact entry (2023) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346144 (Accessed: July 19, 2024).
@misc{2023CDLI,
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-07-19]},
	year = {2023},
	month = {jun 15},
	title = {CDLI {Literary} 000364, ex. 050 artifact entry},
	url = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346144},
	howpublished = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346144},
}

TY  - ELEC
DA  - 2023/6/15/
PY  - 2023
ID  - P346144
LB  - CDLI:P346144
M1  - 2024/7/19/
TI  - CDLI Literary 000364, ex. 050 artifact entry
UR  - https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346144
ER  - 
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