CDLI Literary 000364, ex. 049 (P346143)

Literary tablet excavated in Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in British Museum, London, UK

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Chemical Data

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Museum Collection(s)

British Museum, London, UK

Museum Number

BM —

Period

Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

Provenience

Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)

Artifact Type

Tablet

Material(s)

Clay

Genre / Subgenre(s)

Literary (ETCSL 1.08.01.04 Gilgamesh, Enkidu and Netherworld (witness))

Language(s)

Sumerian

Measurements

-

Witness

tablet
obverse
1. lu2 ur3-ta szub-ba igi bi2-duh#-[am3] igi i-ni-in-duh-am3# [a-na-gin7 an-ak]
 en: Did you see the man who fell from the roof? I saw him. How is he treated?
2. giri3-pad-ra2-ni szu gibil# nu-ub-du11#-[...]
 en: His bones were not mended(?)
3. lu2 {d}iszkur-ra giri3-bala mu-ni-in-ra#!? igi bi2-duh-am3 igi i-ni-duh-am3 a#-na-gin7#? an-ak#?
 en: Did you see the man who Iškur trampled (with a storm?)? I saw him. How is he treated?
4. gu4-gin7 al-BALAG eh im-da-gu7#-[...]
 en: He ... like an ox, eaten by parasites
5. lu2 me3#? szub-ba igi bi2-duh-am3 igi i-ni-duh#-am3# <a-na-gin7 an-ak>
 en: Did you see the man who fell in battle(!?)? I saw him. How is he treated?
6. u2-ni# [al]-bar a-ni al-bar u2 BU al-gu7#?-e#? a BU al-na8#?-na8#!?
 en: His food is set aside, his water is set aside, eating ... food and ... water
7. iri dingir#-ra-a al-tusz
 en: He is living in the city of his god(!)
8. lu2 inim# ama# a-a-na-ke4# ni2 nu-te-ga2-dam igi bi2-duh-am3#!? igi# i#-ni-duh-am3 a-na-gin7 an-ak
 en: Did you see the man who was (intent to) not respect the command of his mother and father? I saw him. How is he treated?
9. a#! IM-gu10 a gesz-ge#?-en#?-na-gu10 szeg10 gi4 nu-x-gul-e#?
 en: He does not cease screaming “Alas, my self/wind (i.e., breath?)(!?)! Alas, my limbs(?)”
10. lu2 asz2 ama a-a-na-ke4 sa2 bi2-du11#?-ga#? igi bi2-duh-am3 igi in-duh-am3 a-na-gin7#!? an#-ak
 en: Did you see the man who was overtaken by(?) the curse(?) of his mother and father? I saw him. How is he treated?
11. ibila ba-da#-kar gidim-ma-ni szu al-[dag]-dag#?-ge
 en: His heir has absconded, his ghost roams around
12. lu2 mu dingir-na#? sag bi2-in-sal#-la igi bi2-duh-[am3] igi# i#-ni-in-duh#-am3# [a]-na-gin7 an-ak#?
 en: Did you see the man who disregarded the oath of his god? I saw him. How is he treated?
13. gidim-ma-ni u2# ses#? al#?-gu7#?-[...]
 en: His ghost eats bitter food and drinks bitter/brackish water
14. gidim# lu2 ninda si-ge5 nu#-tuku [igi bi2]-duh-am3 igi i-ni-duh-am3# [a]-na#-gin7 an-ak#?
 en: Did you see the ghost that does not have someone to place food (for him)? I saw him. How is he treated?
15. szu# su#-ub#!?-be2 utul2-a#? ninda pad#-pad#?-ra2 PA sila szub-ba i3-gu7#-e
 en: He eats scrapings of the bowl, bread crumbs ... that have fallen into the street
reverse
1. [...] mu ni2-ba nu-zu igi bi2-duh#-am3#! igi# i-ni-duh-am3 a-na-gin7 an-ak
 en: Did you see the tiny stillborn babies, who do not know their own name? I saw them. How are (they) treated?
2. {gesz}bunig# ku3#!?-sig17# ku3#-babbar# lal3 i3-nun-na e-ne im-da-e-ne
 en: They play in a trough/bucket of gold and silver (filled with) honey and ghee
3. lu2 izi# la2 igi bi2-duh-am3 igi nu-mu-x-duh#-am3#
 en: Did you see the man who was set on fire(?) I did not see him
4. i-bi2-ni an-na ba-a-e11-am3#? gidim-a-ni ki-a nu-ub-dab5
 en: His smoke has risen into heaven, his ghost is not held on the ground/in the netherworld
5. lu2 dingir# lul-lul si-ge5 nam-erim2 ba-an-ku5
 en: Did you see the man who deceives the god (by) having sworn an oath?
6. igi bi2-duh-am3 igi i-ni#-duh#-am3# a-na-gin7 an-ak
 en: I saw him. How is he treated?
7. ki-a-nag sag kur-ra#-[...] x-ra x immen2-a i3-na8-e
 en: At the libation place for the dead at the top(?) of the netherworld, ..., he drinks with (perpetual) thirst/thirst consumes him(?)
8. dumu gir2-su{ki}-a x x a-a-na u3 ama-na
 en: Did you see the citizen of girsu, the ... of his father and mother?
9. igi bi2-duh-am3 igi# i#-ni-duh-am3 a-na-gin7 an-ak
 en: I saw him. How is he treated?
10. igi lu2 disz-ta-am3 li-im dumu mar-tu me-esz gidim-a-ni szu# la-ba-an-ta-ra-ra gaba nu-szi-dub?-bu?-en?
 en: From before that single man (i.e., per man) there are a thousand citizens of Martu, he cannot beat them away, I(!?) do not “heap the chest” against ...(!?)
11. dumu mar-tu{ki}-a ki-a-nag sag# kur-ra-ke4 igi-ba bi2-ib2-dab5-be2-en
 en: The citizens of Martu captured me (as I was trying to escape?) before(?) the place of libations for the dead, at the top/opening(?) of the netherworld
12. dumu ki-en-gi ki-uri-ke4 igi bi2-duh-am3 igi i-ni-duh-am3 a-na-gin7 an-ak#
 en: Did you see the citizens of Sumer and Akkad? I saw (them). How are (they) treated?
13. a ki-lul-la a# lu3-a bi2-ib2-nag-me-esz
 en: They are made to drink the water of a place of ambush, roiled water
14. a-a-gu10 u3 ama-gu10 me-a se12-[me]-esz igi bi2-duh-am3# igi i-ni-duh-am3# [a-na-gin7 an-ak]
 en: Where do my father and mother dwell? I saw (them). How are (they) treated?
15. [min]-na#-ne-ne#? a#? ki-lul#?-[...] bi2-ib2#-nag#-[...]
 en: The two were made to drink the water of a place of ambush ...(?)

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Literary (ETCSL 1.08.01.04 Gilgamesh, Enkidu and Netherworld (witness))
  • Language(s): Sumerian


  • history: UET 6, 0058

    [Gadd1963] Gadd, Cyril J., and Aaron Shaffer. 1963, 1966.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: BM —
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No: U 16878
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2023-06-28 at 23:15:35 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Hafford, William B.; Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2023-06-15 at 20:34:30 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2019-05-29 at 21:01:58 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2015-02-21 at 17:31:21 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2011-10-07 at 08:45:17 Wagensonner, Klaus Atf Wagensonner, Klaus CDLI approved View
2006-11-02 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact Foxvog, Daniel A.; Guerra, Dylan; Peterson, Jeremiah; Veldhuis, Niek; Wolfe, Jared N. CDLI approved View

This artifact is a witness to the following composite(s):

Composite Score
CDLI Literary 000364 (Gilgamesh, Enkidu and the Netherworld) composite (P469670) View the score

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“CDLI Literary 000364, Ex. 049 Artifact Entry.” (2006) 2023. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). June 28, 2023. https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346143.
CDLI Literary 000364, ex. 049 artifact entry (No. P346143). (2023, June 28). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346143 (Original work published 2006)
CDLI Literary 000364, ex. 049 artifact entry (2023) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346143 (Accessed: July 14, 2024).
@misc{2023CDLI,
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-07-14]},
	year = {2023},
	month = {jun 28},
	title = {CDLI {Literary} 000364, ex. 049 artifact entry},
	url = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346143},
	howpublished = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346143},
}

TY  - ELEC
DA  - 2023/6/28/
PY  - 2023
ID  - P346143
LB  - CDLI:P346143
M1  - 2024/7/14/
TI  - CDLI Literary 000364, ex. 049 artifact entry
UR  - https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346143
ER  - 
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