CDLI Literary 000364, ex. 048 (P346142)

Literary tablet excavated in Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in British Museum, London, UK

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Chemical Data

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Museum Collection(s)

British Museum, London, UK

Museum Number

BM —

Period

Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

Provenience

Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)

Artifact Type

Tablet

Material(s)

Clay

Genre / Subgenre(s)

Literary (ETCSL 1.08.01.04 Gilgamesh, Enkidu and Netherworld (witness))

Language(s)

Sumerian

Measurements

-

Witness

tablet
obverse
1. [...]-KAR#?
 en: The ibbaru harness, there was fifty mina within it, ... on his hips
2. [...]-ak#?
 en: He tied on the fifty (mina)
3.a. {uruda#}[ha-zi-in-na-ni] har#?-ra#-an#-na#-ka#?-ni# [...] x [...]-x-ni
 en: of his hazin axe, (the weapon of) his campaign,
3.b. szu# [...]-an#?-dab5!?
 en: which weighed 7 talents and 7 mina, he took hold
4. ur2-bi#-a# musz# tu6# nu-zu-e sag sag# ba-ni-ra
 en: At the base (of the halub tree) he smote the snake that was immune to incantations
5. pa-bi-a muszen {d}anzu2{muszen}-de3 amar-bi szu ba-ab-ti hur-sag-sze3 ba!-an-urx(AMA)#?
 en: In its branches, the Anzu bird took its chick and dragged it away(?) to the mountain range
6.a. szab-bi ki-sikil-lil2-la2-ke4 e2 im-ma-ni-ib-du3
 en: The demon maidens(?) of the empty wind who had built(?) a house in its middle(!?
6.b. a-ri-a-ri-esz ba-an-kar-kar-re-esz
 en: fled to the wasteland
7. gesz ur2?-ba mi-ni-in-sag3 pa-bi-a szu bi2-in-ku5
 en: He struck the tree at its trunk and cut its branches
8.a. dumu iri{ki}-na mu-un-szi-re7{+re}-esz-am3
 en: The citizens of his city who had come to him
8.b. gu2-bi# imin#-gar-re-esz
 en: made it submit/gathered (the branches)(?)
9. nin9-a-ni ku3 {d}inanna-ra {gesz}gu-za-a-ni-sze3 mu-un-na-da-ab-szum2-mu-usz
 en: They gave it to his sister, holy Inanna, as her throne
10. gesz-na2-a-ni-sze3 mu-un-na-da-ab-szum2-mu-usz
 en: They gave it to her as her bed
11. e#-ne? gesz# ur2-ba {gesz}ellag-a-ni-sze3 ba-ab-ti
 en: He(!?) took(?) the base of the tree for his ball/How the base of the tree was taken for his ball!(?)
reverse
1. pa-bi-a {gesz#?}ke4#?-me#-a-ni-sze3 ba-ab-ti#
 en: He(!?) took(?) the branches of the tree for his mallet
2. {gesz}ellag in-di-di-e sila urx(AMA)-ra#? {gesz}ellag na-mu-un-e3-de3
 en: The one who always played ball(?) brings out the ball in the smoothed(!?) street
3-4. ni2 silim in-di-di-e# [sila] urx(AMA)#-ra {gesz}ellag na-mu#-[un]-e3#-de3 gurusz# iri#?-[...] x x [...]-e?
 en: The one who always boasted about himself(?) brings out the ball in the smoothed(!?) street; the young men(?) of his city who always played ball(?)
5. e#?-ne# [...] x [...]-x
 en: (Because of?) him, (the one by whom?) the force of widow's children was ridden(?)
6. a gu2#?-ga2# [...] x-ga2 [...]-ne#
 en: They lamented (with the phrase) “oh, my neck, oh, my hips(?)!”
7. ama tuku dumu#?-[...]-x
 en: Those who had a mother, she was bringing food for her son
8. nin9# tuku szesz#?-a#?-[...]-de6
 en: Those who had a sister, she was pouring(?) water for her brother
9. szu#!? du3-du3-a nu#?-mu#-un-kusz-[...]
 en: Away from/by means of(?) the accusation of the widows
10. i-{d}utu ki-sikil tur-ra-ta
 en: And the cries to Utu of the young maidens
11. {gesz}ellag-a-ni u3 {gesz}ke4-me-e-gu10 dur2 kur-ra ba-da-an-szub
 en: He dropped(?) his ball and my(!) mallet into the bottom of the netherworld
12. szu-ni mu-ri-in-de6 szu nu-mu-de3-in-tag
 en: He brought his hand (up to it), and could not touch it
13. giri3-ni mu-ri-in-de6 giri3 mu-de3-in-tag
 en: He brought his foot (up to it), and could not touch it
  double ruling
  blank space

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Literary (ETCSL 1.08.01.04 Gilgamesh, Enkidu and Netherworld (witness))
  • Language(s): Sumerian


  • history: UET 6, 0057

    [Gadd1963] Gadd, Cyril J., and Aaron Shaffer. 1963, 1966.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: BM —
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No: U 16874
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2023-06-28 at 23:15:35 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Hafford, William B.; Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2023-06-15 at 20:34:30 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2019-06-11 at 09:25:28 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2019-06-01 at 14:34:08 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2019-05-29 at 21:01:58 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2011-10-07 at 08:45:15 Wagensonner, Klaus Atf Wagensonner, Klaus CDLI approved View
2006-11-02 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact Foxvog, Daniel A.; Guerra, Dylan; Peterson, Jeremiah; Veldhuis, Niek; Wolfe, Jared N. CDLI approved View

This artifact is a witness to the following composite(s):

Composite Score
CDLI Literary 000364 (Gilgamesh, Enkidu and the Netherworld) composite (P469670) View the score

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“CDLI Literary 000364, Ex. 048 Artifact Entry.” (2006) 2023. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). June 28, 2023. https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346142.
CDLI Literary 000364, ex. 048 artifact entry (No. P346142). (2023, June 28). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346142 (Original work published 2006)
CDLI Literary 000364, ex. 048 artifact entry (2023) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346142 (Accessed: June 15, 2024).
@misc{2023CDLI,
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-06-15]},
	year = {2023},
	month = {jun 28},
	title = {CDLI {Literary} 000364, ex. 048 artifact entry},
	url = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346142},
	howpublished = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346142},
}

TY  - ELEC
DA  - 2023/6/28/
PY  - 2023
ID  - P346142
LB  - CDLI:P346142
M1  - 2024/6/15/
TI  - CDLI Literary 000364, ex. 048 artifact entry
UR  - https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346142
ER  - 
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