CDLI Literary 000364, ex. 078 (P346141)

Literary tablet excavated in Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in British Museum, London, UK

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Text / annotations

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Chemical Data

Seal Chemistry

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Museum Collection(s)

British Museum, London, UK

Museum Number

BM —

Period

Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

Provenience

Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)

Artifact Type

Tablet

Material(s)

Clay

Genre / Subgenre(s)

Literary (ETCSL 1.08.01.04 Gilgamesh, Enkidu and Netherworld (witness))

Language(s)

Sumerian

Measurements

-

Witness

tablet
obverse
1. mu ba-gur4 kusz-bi nu-mu-un-da-dar
2. ur2-bi-a musz tu6 nu-zu-e gud3 im-ma-ni-ib-us2
3. pa-bi-a muszen anzu2{muszen}-de3 amar-bi im-ma-ni-ib-gar
4. szab-ba-bi-a ki-sikil lil2-la2-ke4 e2 im-ma-ni-in-du3
5. ki-sikil zu2 li9-li9 sza3 hul2-hul2
6. ku3 {d}ga-sza-an-an-na#-gen er2 e-ne-ne ba-sze8-sze8
7. nin9-a-ni inim in-na-an-du11-ga
8. ur-sag {d}gilgamesz2 inim-bi ba-e-de3-gub
9. {tug2}eb2-ba-ru sza3-ba 5(u) ma-na-am3 ib2-ba-na ba-kar
10. [5(u)]-am3 3(u) gin2 ba-szi-in-ak
11. {uru4}ha#-[zi]-an-na har-ra-an-na-ka-ni
12. 1(asz) gu2 7(disz) ma#-na#-ka-ni szu-ni-a ba-an-dab5
13. ur2-bi-a musz tu6 nu-zu-e sag# gesz# ba-am3-ra
14. pa-bi-a muszen anzu2{muszen}-de3
15. amar-bi szu ba-an#-ti hur-sag-sze3 ba-e-U4#-DU-NE
16. [szab-ba-bi-a ki]-sikil lil2-la2-ke4 e2 im-ma-an-ni-ib2-x-x-ne
17. e2#-ri#-[e2-ri]-a-szu ba-an-kar-kar-re
18. gesz ur2-[ba mu]-ni-in-bur12 pa-ba mi-ni-in-suh
19.a. dumu iri#-na# [mu]-un#-de3-re7-esz-am3
19.b. pa mu-un-IGI-tar-ru-ne
20. ku3 {d}inanna-ra {gesz}gu-za-ni-sze3 mu-na-ab-szum2-mu
21. gesz-na2-ni-sze3 mu-na-ab-szum2-mu
22. e-ne ur2-bi {gesz}ellag-a-ni-sze3 ba-da-ab-dim2-e
23. pa-bi {gesz}e#-ke4#-ma-ni#-sze3 ba-ab-dim2-e
24. {gesz}ellag al du11-du11-ge# sila ur3-ra {gesz}ellag na-mu-un-e
25. ni2 silim du11-du11-ge# sila ur3-ra ni2 silim na-mu-un-e
26. gurusz iri-na-ka {gesz}ellag al du11-du11-ga-ne
27. e-ne erin2 dumu# nu-mu-un-su-a-ni TUM-ba u5-a
28. a gu2-mu a# ib2#-ba#?-mu a-nir-ni im-ga2-ga2-ne
29. ama tuku# dumu#-ni-sze3 ninda mu-na-ab-de6
30. nin9# [tuku szesz]-a-ni a mu-na-de2-e
31. u2#?-sa11#-an-e um-ma-te-a-ra
32. ki {gesz}ellag gar-ra-ka-ni gesz-hur# in-hur-re
33. {gesz}ellag igi-ni-a mu-ni-in-il2 e2-a-ni-sze3 mu-un-de6
34. a2-gu2-zi-ga-ta ki gesz-hur in-hur-re-ni TUM-ba u5-a
35. szu du3-du3-[a] nu-mu-su-e-ne
36. i-{d}utu ki-sikil# tur#-ra-ta
reverse
1. [{gesz}ellag-a-ni] u3 {gesz}e-ke4-ma-ni dur2 kur#-ra-a-asz ba-da-an-szub
2. [szu]-ni# mu-ni-in-du11 sa2 nu-mu-ub-du11
3. giri3-ni mu-ni-in-du11 sa2 nu-mu-ub-du11
4. abul-an ganzer igi kur-ra-ke4 dur2 im-ma-ni-in-gar
5. {d}gilgamesz2 er2 im-ma-an-pa3 szex(SIG7)-IGI im-ga2-ga2
6. a {gesz}ellag-mu a {gesz}e-ak-ma-mu
7. {gesz}ellag la-la-bi nu-mu-un-gi4-a-mu
8. eszemen di nu-mu-un-sug4-ga-mu
9. u4-ba {gesz}ellag-mu e2 nagar-ra-ka nu-usz-ma-da-gal2-la
10. dam nagar-ra ama ugu-ge26-gin7 nu-usz-ma-da-gal2-la
11. dumu nagar-ra nin9 banda3{+da}-mu nu-usz-ma-da-gal2-la
12. {gesz}ellag-mu kur-ta a-ba im-ta-e11#-de3
13. {gesz}e-ak-mu ganzer3-ta a-ba im-ta-e11#-de3
14. ARAD-da-ni en-ki-du10-e gu3 mu-un-na-de2-e
15. lugal-mu er2 e-ne ba-sze8-sze8 sza3-zu a-na-asz hul ba-gig
16. u4-da {gesz}ellag-zu kur-ta ge26-e hu-mu-ra#-ab-e11-de3
17. {gesz}e-ak-ma-zu ganzer-ta ge26-e hu-mu-ra-ab#-[e11-de3]
18. tukum-bi u4-da kur-sze3 im-e-a-e11#-[de3]
19. inim ga-ra-du11 inim-mu# [he2]-dab2
20. na# ga#-e#?-de5 na# [de5]-mu# he2#-dab5
21. tug2# dan2-dan2-na-zu# [na]-an-mu4-mu4#
22. gir5-gin7 geszkim [na]-an-e3#-esz#
23. i3# du10#-ga# bur-ra na-an-sze22-sze22
24. ir-sim-zu-sze3 ba-e-de3-[x?]-nigin2#-nigin2-ne-esz
25. {gesz}ilar kur-ra nam-mu#-e#-sag3-ge
26. lu2 {gesz}ilar ra-a ba-e-de3-nigin2#-nigin2#-ne-esz
27. {gesz}ma#-nu szu-za nam-mu-un-ga2-ga2
28. gidim# [ba]-e-de3-ur4-re-en
29. {kusz}e#-sir2 giri3-za# nam-mu-un#-si#-ga
30. kur-ra gu3 nam-mu-un-ga2-ga2
31. dam# ki#-ag2#-zu ne na-an-su-ub-be2
32. dam hul gig-ga-zu nig2 nam-mu-un-ra-ra
33. dumu ki-ag2-zu ne na-an-su-ub-be2
34. dumu hul gig-ga-zu nig2 nam-mu-un-ra-ra
35. i-{d}utu kur-ra ba-e-dab5-be2
36. i3#-nu2-a-ra i3-nu2-a-ra
37. ama {d}nin-a-zu i3-nu2-a-ra

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Literary (ETCSL 1.08.01.04 Gilgamesh, Enkidu and Netherworld (witness))
  • Language(s): Sumerian


  • history: UET 6, 0056

    [Gadd1963] Gadd, Cyril J., and Aaron Shaffer. 1963, 1966.

  • history: Gadd, Cyril J., RA 30, 128-129

    [sec87644] N.d.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: BM —
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No: U 09364a
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2023-06-15 at 20:34:30 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2019-05-29 at 21:01:58 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2014-02-28 at 09:07:25 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2011-10-07 at 08:45:12 Wagensonner, Klaus Atf Wagensonner, Klaus CDLI approved View
2006-11-02 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact Foxvog, Daniel A.; Guerra, Dylan; Peterson, Jeremiah; Veldhuis, Niek; Wolfe, Jared N. CDLI approved View

Consult this artifact as presented on the website of collections and projects:

This artifact is a witness to the following composite(s):

Composite Score
CDLI Literary 000364 (Gilgamesh, Enkidu and the Netherworld) composite (P469670) View the score

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“CDLI Literary 000364, Ex. 078 Artifact Entry.” (2006) 2023. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). June 15, 2023. https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346141.
CDLI Literary 000364, ex. 078 artifact entry (No. P346141). (2023, June 15). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346141 (Original work published 2006)
CDLI Literary 000364, ex. 078 artifact entry (2023) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346141 (Accessed: July 19, 2024).
@misc{2023CDLI,
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-07-19]},
	year = {2023},
	month = {jun 15},
	title = {CDLI {Literary} 000364, ex. 078 artifact entry},
	url = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346141},
	howpublished = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346141},
}

TY  - ELEC
DA  - 2023/6/15/
PY  - 2023
ID  - P346141
LB  - CDLI:P346141
M1  - 2024/7/19/
TI  - CDLI Literary 000364, ex. 078 artifact entry
UR  - https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346141
ER  - 
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