CDLI Literary 000365, ex. 023 (P346139)

Literary tablet excavated in Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in British Museum, London, UK

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Text / annotations

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Chemical Data

Seal Chemistry

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Museum Collection(s)

British Museum, London, UK

Museum Number

BM —

Period

Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

Provenience

Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)

Artifact Type

Tablet

Material(s)

Clay

Genre / Subgenre(s)

Literary (ETCSL 1.08.01.05 Gilgamesh and Huwawa A ('Decad no. 10') (witness))

Language(s)

Sumerian

Measurements

-

Witness

tablet
obverse
  beginning broken
1'. e2#? simug#?-[...]
 en: ...
2'. giri3#?-[...]
 en: He set out to the blacksmith shop
3'. a2-asz-[...]
 en: ...
4'. a2 nam#-ur#-sag#-[...]
 en: ...
5'. im#-ma#-ni#-x-[...]
 en: He was pouring (metal into the molds for) the a'ašgar and agasilig axes, the arms of battle
6'. x [...] x x [...]
 en: ...
7'. [...]-ni#? [...]
 en: He set out to the deep shaded orchards(?)
8'. {gesz#}ha#-lu2#-[...]
 en: ...
9'. {gesz#?}[...] {gesz}taszkarin
 en: ...
10'. im-[...]-sag3-sag3
 en: He was cutting down halub trees, apple trees, and boxwood
11'. dumu# iri#-ni#
 en: ...
12'. x-[...]-re-[...]
 en: The citizens (of) his city who came with him
13'. x [...]-ke4
 en: ...
14'. x [...] x
 en: ...
15'. [...] x-x{muszen}-na?
 en: ...
16'. [...] x [...] x
 en: ...
17'. x [...] x x [...]-bi#?
 en: ...
18'. hur#-sag# [disz]-kam# bi#-ri-bala#
 en: He traversed(!?) the first mountain range
19'. {gesz#}erin# sza3#-ga#-a#-ni#
 en: ...
20'. nu-mu#-[un]-na#-pax(RU)#
 en: His mind did not find(!) the juniper tree
21'. hur#-sag# [2(disz)-kam bi]-ri#-bala#
 en: He traversed(!?) the 2nd mountain range
22'. {gesz#}erin# [sza3-ga]-a#-ni
 en: ...
23'. nu#-mu#-[un-na]-pax(RU)#
 en: His mind did not find(!) the juniper/cedar tree
reverse
1. hur-sag 5(disz)#-[kam bi-ri-bala]
 en: He traversed(!?) the 5th mountain range
2. {gesz}erin sza3#-[ga-a-ni]
 en: ...
3. nu-mu-un-na-[pax(RU)]
 en: His mind did not find(!) the juniper tree
4. hur-sag 6(disz)-kam# bi-ri#-[bala]
 en: He traversed(!?) the 6th mountain range
5. {gesz}erin sza3-ga#-a#-ni
6. nu-mu-un-na-pax(RU)
 en: His mind did not find(!) the juniper tree
7. hur-sag 7(disz)-kam bi-ri-bala
 en: He traversed(!?) the 7th mountain range
8. {gesz}erin sza3-ga-a-ni
9. mu-un-na-pax(RU)
 en: His mind did not find(!) the juniper/cedar tree
10. en3 nu-tar
11. ki nu-mu-un-gi4
 en: He did not inquire, he did not seek(?) anywhere
12. [...]-am3
 en: ...
13. [...] x-am3
 en: ...
14. [...]
 en: ...
15. ki#? [...] x
 en: ...
16. SAL#? [...] x x
 en: ...
17. {d}gilgamesx(|BIL4.MES.GA|)#
18. {gesz}erin ba-an-sag3
 en: Gilgamesh struck the juniper tree
19. en-ki-du10 gesz mu-na-an-ku5
 en: Enkidu cut the wood/branches(!?) for him
20. dumu nu-mu-un-kusz-e
21. mu-un-de3-re-esz2
 en: The sons of the widows who had come with him
22. gu2-ru-na? im-ma-ga2-ga2-ne
 en: They were putting down piles
23. akkil? du11#-bi?-a
24. {d}gilgamesx(|BIL4.MES.GA|)
25. {d}hu-wa-wa
26. ki-nu2-<<ni>>-ni
27. im-ma-NIG2-luh-ha
 en: ... Gilgamesh frightened(!?) Huwawa/made Huwawa shiver(!?) in(?) his bedchamber
28. ni2-ta-ni
29. [...] mu-ra-e3-a
 en: The one who(?) brought out his terror
  blank space

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Literary (ETCSL 1.08.01.05 Gilgamesh and Huwawa A ('Decad no. 10') (witness))
  • Language(s): Sumerian


  • history: UET 6, 0054

    [Gadd1963] Gadd, Cyril J., and Aaron Shaffer. 1963, 1966.

  • history: Edzard ZA 080, 203

    [sec87642] N.d.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: BM —
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No: U 07786A
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2023-06-15 at 20:34:30 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2019-06-01 at 14:34:09 Englund, Robert K. Atf Peterson, Jeremiah CDLI approved View
2019-05-29 at 21:01:58 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2011-10-07 at 08:45:07 Wagensonner, Klaus Atf Wagensonner, Klaus CDLI approved View
2006-11-02 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact Foxvog, Daniel A.; Guerra, Dylan; Peterson, Jeremiah; Veldhuis, Niek; Wolfe, Jared N. CDLI approved View

This artifact is a witness to the following composite(s):

Composite Score
CDLI Literary 000365 (Gilgamesh and Huwawa A) composite (P480190) View the score

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“CDLI Literary 000365, Ex. 023 Artifact Entry.” (2006) 2023. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). June 15, 2023. https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346139.
CDLI Literary 000365, ex. 023 artifact entry (No. P346139). (2023, June 15). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346139 (Original work published 2006)
CDLI Literary 000365, ex. 023 artifact entry (2023) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346139 (Accessed: June 15, 2024).
@misc{2023CDLI,
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-06-15]},
	year = {2023},
	month = {jun 15},
	title = {CDLI {Literary} 000365, ex. 023 artifact entry},
	url = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346139},
	howpublished = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346139},
}

TY  - ELEC
DA  - 2023/6/15/
PY  - 2023
ID  - P346139
LB  - CDLI:P346139
M1  - 2024/6/15/
TI  - CDLI Literary 000365, ex. 023 artifact entry
UR  - https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346139
ER  - 
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