CDLI Literary 000365, ex. 025 (P346137)

Literary tablet excavated in Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in British Museum, London, UK

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Text / annotations

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Chemical Data

Seal Chemistry

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Museum Collection(s)

British Museum, London, UK

Museum Number

BM —

Period

Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

Provenience

Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)

Artifact Type

Tablet

Material(s)

Clay

Genre / Subgenre(s)

Literary (ETCSL 1.08.01.05 Gilgamesh and Huwawa A ('Decad no. 10') (witness))

Language(s)

Sumerian

Measurements

-

Has fragments Witness

tablet
obverse
  beginning broken
1'. [...] ur2# hur#-[...]-ke4# mu-ni-ib#-[...]
 en: They laid it down at the base of the mountain range
2'. ni2 te-ni 2(disz)-am3 ni2 te-ni 3(disz)# [...]
 en: His 2nd terror, his 3rd terror ...
3'. ni2 te-ni 4(disz)# ni2 te-ni 5(disz) ni2 te#-[...]
 en: His 4th terror, his 5th terror, his 6th terror ...
4'. ni2 te-ni 7(disz)-am3 mu-na#-til-la-ta da-ga-na# ba#-te#
 en: After his 7 terrors were exhausted, he approached his side
5'. musz-kar#-gesztin-na-gin7 murgu2-na im-ta-DU#-DU#
 en: Like a gargeština snake, he went from (a hiding place?) onto his shoulder
6'. ne mu-un-su-ub-ba-ke5#? te-na tibir-ra bi2#-in#-ra#
 en: As if(!?) he had kissed him, he struck him on his cheek with his fist
7'. hu-wa-wa zu2 ba-an-da-UD sag-ki#? x x [...] x
 en: Huwawa “flashed his teeth"/laughed(?), ... his forehead(?)
8'. hu-wa-wa {d}gilgames3#-ra#? gu3#? [...]
 en: Huwawa spoke to Gilgamesh
9'. ur-sag# lul# si-si-ge# [...]
 en: Deceiving hero ...
10'. min3-na-ne-ne#-bi? mah x [...] ugu#-na# [...]
 en: The great two(?) ... upon him ...
11'. ur-sag usu#-ni-ta#? [...] tusz#-a# mu-na#-x-[...]
 en: The hero by means of his own strength ..., he said? to him “sit”
12'. hu-wa-wa usu#-ni-ta x [...] tusz#-a# mu-na-[...]
 en: Huwawa by means of his own strength ..., he said? to him “sit”
13'. [ur]-sag-e dur2 im#-x-an-[...] x [...]
 en: The hero sat down, wept, and made sobbing noises
reverse
1. [...] si12#-[...]
 en: Huwawa sat down, wept, and made sobbing noises
2. igi-ni# er2# mu#-na#?-[...]
 en: His eye/face ... weeping
3.a. {d}gilgames3# [...]
 en: Gilgamesh! ...
3.b. {d}utu-ra ga#-[...]
 en: I want to speak to Utu!
4. {d#}utu# ama# tu-u4-ga2 nu#-[...]
 en: Utu, (I) do not know the mother that bore me, (I) do not know the father that reared me
5. kur-ra mu-un#-tu#-[...] ba#?-e#?-bulug3#!?-[...]
 en: ... bore me in the mountain, you reared me
6. {d}gilgames3# zi# an#-na mu-un#-[pa3] zi ki-a mu-un#-pa3# [zi] kur#-ra!? mu#-[un-pa3]
 en: Gilgamesh swore an oath by heaven, he swore an oath by earth, he swore an oath by the netherworld
7. szu-sze3 mu-un-dab5 ki#?-za#? nam-ba-an#?-tum2#?
 en: He seized his hand(?) saying(?) he(? Enkidu) shall not dig your grave!(?)
8. {d}gilgames3 en#-ki-du10-ra gu3#? mu#-na#-de2#-e#
 en: Gilgamesh was speaking to Enkidu
9. en-ki-du10 muszen dab5-ba# ki-bi-sze3 ha-ma#?-DU#?
 en: Enkidu, may the captured bird go (back) to its place for me(?)
10. gurusz dab5#-ba# ur2 ama-ni!-sze3 he2-gi4#-[...]
 en: May the captured youth be returned to the lap of his mother
11. en-ki-du10 {d}gilgames3#-ra# [...]
 en: Enkidu replied to Gilgamesh
12. sukud#-[...] x x [...]
 en: The tall, (if) he lacks intellect
  rest broken

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • This artifact is composed of fragments.
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Literary (ETCSL 1.08.01.05 Gilgamesh and Huwawa A ('Decad no. 10') (witness))
  • Language(s): Sumerian


  • history: UET 6, 0052 + 0494, 1963, 2006

    [Gadd1963] Gadd, Cyril J., and Aaron Shaffer. 1963, 1966.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: BM —
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No: U —
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2023-06-15 at 20:34:30 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2019-06-11 at 09:35:44 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2019-05-29 at 21:01:58 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2015-01-24 at 22:02:41 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2006-11-02 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact Foxvog, Daniel A.; Guerra, Dylan; Peterson, Jeremiah; Veldhuis, Niek; Wolfe, Jared N. CDLI approved View

This artifact is a witness to the following composite(s):

Composite Score
CDLI Literary 000365 (Gilgamesh and Huwawa A) composite (P480190) View the score

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes:

P346137 leadP346137 lead

Cite this Artifact
“CDLI Literary 000365, Ex. 025 Artifact Entry.” (2006) 2023. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). June 15, 2023. https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346137.
CDLI Literary 000365, ex. 025 artifact entry (No. P346137). (2023, June 15). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346137 (Original work published 2006)
CDLI Literary 000365, ex. 025 artifact entry (2023) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346137 (Accessed: June 15, 2024).
@misc{2023CDLI,
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-06-15]},
	year = {2023},
	month = {jun 15},
	title = {CDLI {Literary} 000365, ex. 025 artifact entry},
	url = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346137},
	howpublished = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346137},
}

TY  - ELEC
DA  - 2023/6/15/
PY  - 2023
ID  - P346137
LB  - CDLI:P346137
M1  - 2024/6/15/
TI  - CDLI Literary 000365, ex. 025 artifact entry
UR  - https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346137
ER  - 
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