CDLI Literary 000760, ex. 010 (P346128)

Literary tablet excavated in Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in British Museum, London, UK

Metadata / catalogue

Flat catalogue

As CSV As TSV

Expanded catalogue

As JSON

Linked catalogue

As TTL As JSON-LD As RDF/JSON As RDF/XML

Text / annotations

Text data

As ATF As JTF

Linked annotations

As TTL As JSON-LD As RDF/JSON As RDF/XML

Related publications

As CSV As BibTeX

Chemical Data

Seal Chemistry

As CSV

Museum Collection(s)

British Museum, London, UK

Museum Number

BM —

Period

Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

Provenience

Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)

Artifact Type

Tablet

Material(s)

Clay

Genre / Subgenre(s)

Literary (ETCSL 5.03.01 Debate between Hoe and Plough (witness))

Language(s)

Sumerian

Measurements

-

Has fragments Witness

tablet
obverse
  beginning broken
1'. a#-gar3#-a#-gar3#-ra#? [...]
 en: I fill the meadows with water
2'. gesz-gi-gesz#-[...]
 en: When the reedbed is irrigated/flooded,
3'. ix(|A.SUG|#) u3#-mu-ku5 [...]
 en: When a canal is cut (open), when the ditch is cut (open), when water as a great flooding river imposes water(?)
4'. {gesz#}dupsik# tur-gu10 [...]
 en: The carrying basket, my little one, is put down with me (to work)/does not bend down with you
5'. [...] da um-da#-ak#-x
 en: When, in(?) the marsh, an edge is made(?)
6'. [...] {gesz#}al nigin2-bi! im-ma#?-gub-be2-en
 en: I, the hoe, serve comprehensively (in these situations)(?)
7'. [... {tu15}]mir#-e nu-mu-un-si-il-si-il-le
 en: (Neither) the southern (nor) the northern wind tear apart (my work) there(?)
8'. [...] nunuz#!? ib2-de5-de5#-ge#
 en: The fowler gathers eggs
9'. [...]-de3#? ku6# mi-[...]
 en: The fisherman catches fish
  n lines broken
10'. ug3#?-[...] x [...]
 en: The people have taken the bird (hoop) traps (that have sprung?)
11'. ne#-esz2# [...]
 en: Now, my abundance sprinkles with its hands in the lands
12'. a-gar3-ta# a# [...]
 en: After the water has been cut off from the meadow
13'. ki-duru5 kin2-ga2 a ba#-gal2#-[...]
 en: After the water has been set down/materializes for(?) working the damp ground
14'. {gesz}apin# igi-zu-sze3! a-sza3-ga ga2-e [...]
 en: Plow, before you I emerge in the field
15'. a-sza3 tak4-tak4 ma#-ra-ra-duh-[...]
 en: For you I loosen the “set aside” field
16'. a2-ur2 e-ga ma-ra#-ra-[...]
 en: In the “hideout"(?) of the dike I cut (away the weeds) for you
17'. u2-kul a-sza3-ga ga2-e ma#-[...]
 en: I remove(?) the ukul weed in the field
18'. gi BAD {gesz}i-rinx(|LU2.U|)-na-bi# [...]
 en: I collect the dead/old reeds(?) and the roots for you in the field
19'. a-sza3 kin2 ak usz8#-[...]
 en: The field working (crew)(?) set in the path(?) for you
20'. gu4-[...]-disz#?-kam#?-ma#?-[...]-x
 en: Six oxen, four men, and you are the 11th
21'. x [...] gi4-a-ga2 x mi#?-ib-kar-kar-re
 en: The “labor of my preparation (as a tool?)"(?) takes away ...
22'. [...]-gu10#-ta a-sza3-ga e3#-de3#-da-zu-ne
 en: When you go out in the field apart from(?) me
23'. ab#-sin2#-zu# dili-am3# igi#? nu#?-mu#!?-da-ab#-sa6?-ge
 en: One cannot look favorably upon your furrow which is alone
24'. sag#-zu kin2#-ga2 u3-mu-e-ni-x-x
 en: When you lodge your head (in the ground) working
25'. {gesz}i-rinx(|LU2.U|)-na#? {gesz}{u2}ad2# x x [...]-la2
 en: You are bound to(?) ... roots and thorns
26'. eme#?-zu# u3#?-mu#?-[...] eme#?-zu#? [...] eme#?-zu#? x x x mu#-x-x-[...]
 en: When you break your ploughshare and re-create(?) your ploughshare, your ploughshare does not(?) ... at your disposal(?)
reverse
1. engar-zu {gesz}apin#-bi? til-la# mu-sze3 mi-ri-ib2-sze21#?
 en: Your farmer names you “this(?) plow is finished”
2. min3-kam-ma-sze3! nagar# ma-ra-hun#-e aszgab ma-ra#-hun?-e
 en: Again, a carpenter is hired for you, a leatherworker is hired(?) for you
3. e2 nam-gaszam-ke4? ma-ra-ab-ni10-ni10-e
 en: The house of the artisans scurry around ...(?) for you
4. tug2-du8 bar-SZUL ma-ra-ra-an-zi2-en
 en: I(!?), the feltworker, “cut” the teasel brush(?) for you
5. [...]-sur-ra ma-ra-ra-an-e11-de3
 en: He brings up a twisting picket(?) for you
6. bar#?-e11-de3-e11#-de3 sza-mu-ra-an-kusz2-u3-de3
 en: And therefore(?) he is to “exhaust” the braiding lever for you
7. kusz nu-hi sag-du-zu-asz#? bi2-ib-KU
 en: A piece of leather not cut into strips(?) is made to sit(?) towards your head
8. il2-la-zu tur-ra-am3 a-ra2-zu mah-am3
 en: Your “raising/carrying” is small, but your “way” is supreme
9. u4 za3-mu iti [...]-am3#?
 en: The day of the new year is (i.e., begins a period of) twelve months
10. u4 gub-ba-zu iti [...]
 en: (But) your service time is four months (per year)
11. u4 zah2-zu [...]
 en: Your fugitive (i.e., absentee) time is eight months (per year)
12. gub-ba-zu-gin7 min-am3# [...]
 en: As many as your served (time), it is two (times) you go (elsewhere)
13. ma2-la2-za e2 i3-du8-du8-[...]
 en: On your raft/freight boat(?) you pile up(?) a cabin
14. u3-mu-e-ni-ri-en szu-zu dal-la u3#-[...]
 en: When you set yourself(!?) in place there(?), and you remove/accept(?) the beams(?)
15. igi-zu dug gesztin!?(GU2)-a-gin7 a um-ta-x-[...]
 en: When you remove your face/front from the water(?) like a vessel of wine(!?)
16. gesz-dal-ta kur#?-ra#? um-ta-ke3-e#?-[...]
 en: When I(?) prepare a pile (lit. “mountain") by means of the beams(?)
17. i#-bi2-gu10 e2#-[...] mu#-ni#-ib2#-sig7-sig7#-[...]
 en: My smoke makes ... green(?) in the house
18. {gesz#}ninda2#-[...]
 en: Your seed funnel, where is it cast?
  n lines broken
19'. [... {gesz}]al#-me-en iri#?-[...] ga#-an#-da-[...]
 en: I am the hoe, I shall ... along with ... in the city
20'. [e2]-tur3# [...]-da-me-en amasz#? dagal-la-me-en
 en: I am one who has extended the cattlepen, I am one who has broadened the sheepfold
21'. ARAD lugal-a-ni us2#-sa-me-en
 en: I am a servant who has followed his master
22'. e2 lugal-a-ni du3-du3-a-me-en
 en: I am one who always built/rennovated the house of his master
23'. im i3-lu3-en szeg12 i3-du8-en
 en: I stir clay, I spread (it out to make) bricks
24'. usz8 ki i3-ga2-ga2-an e2 i3#-[...]
 en: I lay foundations, I build houses
25'. e2-gar8 sumun-e ur2#-bi [...]
 en: I follow the foundation of an old wall
26'. [...] x x [...]
 en: ...
  rest broken

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • This artifact is composed of fragments.
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Literary (ETCSL 5.03.01 Debate between Hoe and Plough (witness))
  • Language(s): Sumerian


  • history: UET 6, 43 + 625 + 787 (+) 626

    [Gadd1963] Gadd, Cyril J., and Aaron Shaffer. 1963, 1966.

  • history: Zolyomi, Gabor, NABU 2008/064 (with join to 787)

    [sec87627] N.d.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: BM —
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No: U —
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2023-06-15 at 20:34:30 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2019-06-11 at 21:42:38 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2019-06-01 at 14:34:09 Englund, Robert K. Atf Peterson, Jeremiah CDLI approved View
2019-05-29 at 21:01:58 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2006-11-02 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact Foxvog, Daniel A.; Guerra, Dylan; Peterson, Jeremiah; Veldhuis, Niek; Wolfe, Jared N. CDLI approved View

This artifact is a witness to the following composite(s):

Composite Score
CDLI Literary 000760 (Debate between Hoe and Plough ) composite (P473753) View the score

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes:

P346128 lead; Shaffer (UET 6/3, p. 19) notes join of 625 and quasi-join of 626P346128 lead; Shaffer (UET 6/3, p. 19) notes join of 625 and quasi-join of 626

Cite this Artifact
“CDLI Literary 000760, Ex. 010 Artifact Entry.” (2006) 2023. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). June 15, 2023. https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346128.
CDLI Literary 000760, ex. 010 artifact entry (No. P346128). (2023, June 15). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346128 (Original work published 2006)
CDLI Literary 000760, ex. 010 artifact entry (2023) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346128 (Accessed: July 19, 2024).
@misc{2023CDLI,
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-07-19]},
	year = {2023},
	month = {jun 15},
	title = {CDLI {Literary} 000760, ex. 010 artifact entry},
	url = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346128},
	howpublished = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346128},
}

TY  - ELEC
DA  - 2023/6/15/
PY  - 2023
ID  - P346128
LB  - CDLI:P346128
M1  - 2024/7/19/
TI  - CDLI Literary 000760, ex. 010 artifact entry
UR  - https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346128
ER  - 
This website uses essential cookies that are necessary for it to work properly. These cookies are enabled by default.