CDLI Literary 000762, ex. 004 (P346121)

Literary tablet excavated in Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in British Museum, London, UK

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Text / annotations

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Chemical Data

Seal Chemistry

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Museum Collection(s)

British Museum, London, UK

Museum Number

BM —

Period

Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

Provenience

Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)

Artifact Type

Tablet

Material(s)

Clay

Genre / Subgenre(s)

Literary (ETCSL 5.03.03 Debate between Winter and Summer (witness))

Language(s)

Sumerian

Measurements

-

Witness

tablet
obverse
1. [...] mi#?-[...]
 en: An raised his head with authority, he brought forth a good day
2. [...]-an#-si [...]-tag#
 en: He placed designs within the borders of heaven and earth, and made the people interact with them broadly(?)
3. [...] ki#-a# gu4# gal#-gin7 giri3# nam#-mu#?-ni#?-in#-gub#
 en: Enlil took a step upon the earth like a great bull
4. [...] nam#-he2#-a bulug3#?-e#-de3#
 en: So that the day reared abundance
5. [ge6]-e#? giri17-zal-le#? pa e3# ke3-de3#
 en: In order that the night made joy manifest
6. [...] mu2-mu2-de3 sze dagal#-e-de3#
 en: In order that flax grows and barley spreads wide
7. [a]-esztub#{ku6} kar-ra gin6-de3
 en: In order that the spring carp-flood is established in the harbor
8. kalam#-e nam-he2-a u4 su13-su13-de3
 en: In order that the land perpetuates in abundance
9. e2-me-esz-e an-na nig2-kesz2 ke3-de3
 en: In order that that Summer “makes a knot” in heaven (blocking rain?)
10. en#-te-en a he2-gal2-la kar-ra gin6-ne2#-de3
 en: In order that Winter establishes water in the quay in abundance
11. [{d}en]-lil2# lugal kur-kur-ra-ke4 gesztu2(|GISZ.KU.PI|)-ga-ni na-an-gub
 en: Enlil, the king of the lands, resolved
12. [...] gal-gal-e gesz3 bi2-in-du11# kur-ra ha-la ba-an-szum2
 en: He copulated with the great mountain ranges, he gave an inheritance share to(?) the mountain
13. [...] en#-te-en he2-gal2 zi kalam#-ma! sza3-ga ba#-ni#-in-[...]
 en: He poured (the seed of) Summer and Winter (which are) abundance and the life of the land, into the womb
reverse
  beginning broken
1'. [...]-tum2#?-[...]
 en: He made (their) necks thicken in the pasture lands of the mountain range
2'. [{d}en]-lil2#-le#-ke4 e2#?-[...]
 en: Enlil(!) was determining a destiny for Summer and Winter
3'. [e2-me]-esz#-ra [...]
 en: For Summer founding cities and settlements
4'. [kur]-gal# {d#}en#-lil2-ra [...]
 en: Bringing in the harvest of abundance for Great Mountain Enlil
5'. [...]-gal# kin2#?-gi4-a-asz# [...] gu4#-de3# x x-x
 en: Sending (personnel) as “task bound” (into) the great meadows, (causing) the ox to establish the field(!?)
6'. [...]-ra# he2#-gal2# a#-esztub#{ku6} [...] zi# kalam#-[...]
 en: For Winter abundance, the carp flood, plenty, the life of the land
7'. [...] zi#-de3# sze# ga2#-ga2# [...]
 en: Establishing grain in the field, the fertile field(?), the piling up of everything
8'. [...] en#-te#-en#-[...]
 en: He was deciding (this) as a destiny (for) both Summer and Winter
  rest broken

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Literary (ETCSL 5.03.03 Debate between Winter and Summer (witness))
  • Language(s): Sumerian


  • history: UET 6, 0036

    [Gadd1963] Gadd, Cyril J., and Aaron Shaffer. 1963, 1966.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: BM —
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No: U —
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2023-06-15 at 20:34:30 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2019-06-11 at 21:56:27 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2019-06-01 at 14:34:09 Englund, Robert K. Atf Peterson, Jeremiah CDLI approved View
2019-05-29 at 21:01:58 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2006-11-02 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact Foxvog, Daniel A.; Guerra, Dylan; Peterson, Jeremiah; Veldhuis, Niek; Wolfe, Jared N. CDLI approved View

This artifact is a witness to the following composite(s):

Composite Score
CDLI Literary 000762 (Debate between Winter and Summer) composite (P478957) View the score

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“CDLI Literary 000762, Ex. 004 Artifact Entry.” (2006) 2023. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). June 15, 2023. https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346121.
CDLI Literary 000762, ex. 004 artifact entry (No. P346121). (2023, June 15). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346121 (Original work published 2006)
CDLI Literary 000762, ex. 004 artifact entry (2023) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346121 (Accessed: June 18, 2024).
@misc{2023CDLI,
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-06-18]},
	year = {2023},
	month = {jun 15},
	title = {CDLI {Literary} 000762, ex. 004 artifact entry},
	url = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346121},
	howpublished = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346121},
}

TY  - ELEC
DA  - 2023/6/15/
PY  - 2023
ID  - P346121
LB  - CDLI:P346121
M1  - 2024/6/18/
TI  - CDLI Literary 000762, ex. 004 artifact entry
UR  - https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346121
ER  - 
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