CDLI Literary 000761, ex. 039 (P346119)

Literary tablet excavated in Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in British Museum, London, UK

Metadata / catalogue

Flat catalogue

As CSV As TSV

Expanded catalogue

As JSON

Linked catalogue

As TTL As JSON-LD As RDF/JSON As RDF/XML

Text / annotations

Text data

As ATF As JTF

Linked annotations

As TTL As JSON-LD As RDF/JSON As RDF/XML

Related publications

As CSV As BibTeX

Chemical Data

Seal Chemistry

As CSV

Museum Collection(s)

British Museum, London, UK

Museum Number

BM —

Period

Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

Provenience

Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)

Artifact Type

Tablet

Material(s)

Clay

Genre / Subgenre(s)

Literary (ETCSL 5.03.02 Debate between Grain and Sheep (witness))

Language(s)

Sumerian

Measurements

-

Witness

tablet
obverse
1. gesztin nig2-du10 u3-mu-un-nag-esz-a-ta#
 en: After they drank sweet/intoxicating wine
2. kasz nig2-du10 u3-mu-un-du10-ge-esz-a#-ta#
 en: After they “made (themselves) sweet” (i.e., getting drunk) with sweet/intoxicating beer
3. a-gar3-a-gar3-ra du14# mi-ni#-ib#-mu2-mu2-ne#?
 en: They were arguing in the meadows
4. ki {gesz}bun-na-kam a#-da#-min3 mu-un-ak#-[...]
 en: It was at the site of the banquet that they were having a adamin debate
5. {d}asznan {d}lahar#-ra gu3 mu-un-na-de2#-[...]
 en: Ezina was speaking to lahar
6. nin9 dub-sag-zu-me-en igi-sze3 ma-ra-ab#-gub#-[...]-en#
 en: Sister, I am your superior, at the front I stand(?) relative to you
7. su3-[...]-ma#-ka ga2-e giri17#-zal#-bi# [...]-en#
 en: I am the joy of the shine(?) of the land
8. sag#-ur-[...]-gu10# ga2#?-e#? ba-ab#-szum2-[...]
 en: I give my strength to the sagursag functionary/first of the warriors(?)
9. e2#-gal-la [...]-un#-da#-[...]
 en: (So that?) in the palace he casts an aura
10. kalam#-ma mu za3-sze3# [...]
 en: In the land ... established the name/reputation(?) up to (its) borders
11. kadra# [...]-nun#?-na#?-[...]-e#?-ne#? [...]
 en: I am the greeting gift/bribe of the Anuna gods
12. lipisz# [...]
 en: I am the heart/rage(?) of (mortal) rulers
13. usu-gu10 ur-[...]
 en: When my strength approaches the hero
14. ki me3-ka# [...]
 en: When he stands in the battle site
15. su nu-mu-un-x [...]
 en: He has not “known flesh"(!?), he has not “known sinew” (i.e., corporeal injury?)
16. i-gi4-in#-zu# [...]
 en: It is as if I go towards(?) “the play of Inanna” for him(?)
17. nam-usar# nam#-ma#-[...] i#-im#-[...]
 en: I(!?) sweeten (male and female) neighborliness
18. usar du14# mu2#-a# x x i-[...]
 en: I(!?) release quarreling neighbor(s)
19. gurusz# dab5-ba-ra# u3#-[...]
 en: When I(!?) approach the captive young man
20. nam#-tar#-ra-ni# u3-mu#-[...]
 en: When I(!?) allocate/offer his fate
21. sza3 sag3#-ga-a-ni gesztux(|GISZ.TUG2|)#-[...]
 en: He forgets his distress
22. gesz-szu gesz-gu2# [...]
 en: I(!?) undo the manacles and the neck stock
23. {d#}asznan# {d#}[...]
 en: I am Ezina-Kusu, the child of Enlil
24. [...]-ra# an#-edin#?-[...]
 en: One who is bound to the sheep hut, the milking building, and the plain
25. [...]-da#?-gal2 nig2 a#?-na#? [...]
 en: What of yours can be present (in response)? What is it that which is my speaking(!?)? Answer!
26. [...]-sze3 gub-ba#-[...]
 en: When(?) she stood on behalf of/towards(?) her property, before her ...
27. [...]-un-na#?-x-x-[...]
 en: ...
28. [...] x x [...]
 en: ...
reverse
  beginning broken
1'. [...] x [...]
 en: ...
2'. [...] en#-nu#-ug3 [...]
 en: The looking over of the organized (weapons, troops?) and the guard is mine(?)
3'. [...]-gurusz-a me#-[en]
 en: In the field I am the life of the status of laborer
4'. [{kusz}]ummu3# [...] sed4#-da {kusz}e-sir2# [...]
 en: The waterskin of(?) cold water and the sandal are mine
5'. [...] du10#-ga ir# nam-dingir-ra# [...]
 en: The sweet oil/butter, which is the scent of divinity
6'. [...]-ra2# i3 szim [{gesz}]erin#-na sa2# du11 ga2#?-x-[...]
 en: The regular provision of ... oil, oil of cedar resin is mine
7'. x-suluhu#?-[...] siki# babbar2#-ra-gu10
 en: My suluhu ceremonial garment(?), a garment of white wool
8'. [...] bara2#-ga-na [...]-hul2-le
 en: Makes the king rejoice
9'. [...] su# dingir gal-gal#-[...]-ma#-al mi-ib2-za
 en: (The wool from) my back glistens on the bodies of the great gods
10'. [...]-szesz# x [...]-tu5#-a
 en: The gudug, pašeš, and lustration priests
11'. [...] ku3#-ga2 [...]-da-an-mu2#?-re
 en: Because/after they are wearing me(!?) in my pure lustration rites
12'. [...] ku3#-ga2 giri3#!? mu-un-da-gub-en
 en: I am (effectively) stepping in my pure reed hut(?)
13'. [gesz GAN2]-guszur {gesz}eme#?-[...]-x szu-kar2 sug-ge gu7-a
 en: (Your) harrow, ploughshare, the binding and the strap (are nothing more than) destroyed tools
14'. [...] mu#-da#-[...] ab#?-be2#?-na-gu10 gi4-ma-ni#?-ib#?
 en: What of yours can be present (in response)? What is it that which is my speaking(!?)? Answer!
15'. [...]-sze3# {d#}asznan# [...]-ra# mu-un-na#-ni-ib-gi4-gi4#
 en: A 2nd time Ezina was replying to lahar
16'. x udun#-na [...] u3#?-ba-ni-in-du8#
 en: After one has baked(?) the leavened dough in the oven
17'. [...] udun#-na# u3#?-ba-ni-in-du
 en: After one made/stood upright(?) the cooked malt in the oven
18'. {d#}nin#-ka#-si#-[...] ma#?-ab#?-[...]-re#?
 en: One mixes it for me as (if I was?) Ninkasi
19'. masz2 gal-gal-zu [...] gal-gal-zu
 en: Your big goat bucks and rams
20'. ki {gesz}bun-na-ka x? mu#-na#?-ab#?-til#?-le-ne#
 en: ... brings to an end(?) for ... at the site of the banquet
21'. ninda-gu10-ta a2! gur#-[...]-x-ab-sug2-[...]-esz#
 en: By means of my food? they have stood on thick forelegs
22'. sipa-zu ninda-gu10-sze3# an-edin igi-bi im-szi-[...]
 en: Your shepherd has looked to my food(?) (in) the plain
23'. iszin-na a-sza3-ga gal2-la#-[...]
 en: On my behalf (while) being on the stalk in the field
24'. engar#-gu10 na-gada-gu10 {gesz}tukul-ta mu-un-sar#-[...]
 en: My farmer chases your(!) herder brandishing a weapon
25'. [...]-ta#? ki si#-ga-a-asz u3-mu-un-kinx(UR4)
 en: After you(!) seek out a silent place below
26'. [...]-e# ni2#-[...] nu#-mu-e-ta-e3-de3
 en: (As for) you, your fear does not depart from you
27'. ($ blank space $) 1(disz) szu-szi 1(disz)
 en: (Total:) 61 (lines)
28'. im-gid2-da {disz}dam!-qi2!-i3-li2-szu {iti}ab-e3 u4 2(u) 4(disz)-kam
 en: "Long-tablet" of Damqi-ilišu, month "Abe," 24th day.

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Literary (ETCSL 5.03.02 Debate between Grain and Sheep (witness))
  • Language(s): Sumerian


  • history: UET 6, 0034

    [Gadd1963] Gadd, Cyril J., and Aaron Shaffer. 1963, 1966.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: BM —
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No: U —
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2023-06-15 at 20:34:30 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2019-06-11 at 21:49:03 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2019-05-29 at 21:01:58 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2006-11-02 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact Foxvog, Daniel A.; Guerra, Dylan; Peterson, Jeremiah; Veldhuis, Niek; Wolfe, Jared N. CDLI approved View

This artifact is a witness to the following composite(s):

Composite Score
CDLI Literary 000761 (Debate between Grain and Sheep) composite (P472758) View the score

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“CDLI Literary 000761, Ex. 039 Artifact Entry.” (2006) 2023. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). June 15, 2023. https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346119.
CDLI Literary 000761, ex. 039 artifact entry (No. P346119). (2023, June 15). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346119 (Original work published 2006)
CDLI Literary 000761, ex. 039 artifact entry (2023) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346119 (Accessed: July 19, 2024).
@misc{2023CDLI,
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-07-19]},
	year = {2023},
	month = {jun 15},
	title = {CDLI {Literary} 000761, ex. 039 artifact entry},
	url = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346119},
	howpublished = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346119},
}

TY  - ELEC
DA  - 2023/6/15/
PY  - 2023
ID  - P346119
LB  - CDLI:P346119
M1  - 2024/7/19/
TI  - CDLI Literary 000761, ex. 039 artifact entry
UR  - https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346119
ER  - 
This website uses essential cookies that are necessary for it to work properly. These cookies are enabled by default.