CDLI Literary 000761, ex. 038 (P346118)

Literary tablet excavated in Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in British Museum, London, UK

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Chemical Data

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Museum Collection(s)

British Museum, London, UK

Museum Number

BM —

Period

Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

Provenience

Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)

Artifact Type

Tablet

Material(s)

Clay

Genre / Subgenre(s)

Literary (ETCSL 5.03.02 Debate between Grain and Sheep (witness))

Language(s)

Sumerian

Measurements

-

Witness

tablet
obverse
1. hur-sag an-ki-bi-da-ke4
 en: On the mountain range (spanning) both heaven and earth
2. u4 an-ne2 dingir {d}a-nun-na im-tu-de3-esz-a-ba#
 en: When An fathered the Anuna gods
3. mu {d}asznan nu-ub-ta-tu-da-asz nu-un-da-sag12-ga#?-a#-asz
 en: Because no one had been able to give birth to or create Ašnan (yet)
4. kalam-ma gu {d}uttu nu-ub-da-dim2-ma-[asz]
 en: Because the flax of (the weaving goddess) Uttu had not been created along with them
5. {d}uttu-ra temen nu-mu-un-na-si-ga-a-asz
 en: Because the pegs (of the loom) had not been set for Uttu
6. u8 nu-e3-a sila4 nu-szar2-ra-am3
 en: (Because) the ewe had not come forth, the lamb had not multiplied
7. ud5 nu-e3-a masz2 nu-szar2-ra-am3
 en: (Because) the goat had not come forth, the kid had not multiplied
8. u8-e sila4 min-bi nu-ub-tu-u4
 en: (Because) the ewe had not given birth to its lamb
9. ud5-e masz2 esz5-bi nu-um-tu-u4
 en: (Because) the goat had not given birth to its kid
10. mu {d}asznan {d}ku3-su3 {d}lahar-bi-da-ke4
 en: The names of both Ezina-Kusu (deified grain) and lahar (deified ewe)
11. {d}a-nun-na dingir gal-gal-e-ne nu-mu-un-zu-usz-am3
 en: The Anuna, the great gods, did not know
12. sze-musz5 u4 uszu3-kam nu-gal2-la-am3
 en: The muš barley of the thirtieth day was not present
13. sze-musz5 u4 nimin-kam nu-gal2-la-am3
 en: The muš barley of the fortieth day was not present
14. sze-musz5 u4 ninnu-kam nu-gal2-la-am3
 en: The muš barley of the fiftieth day was not present
15. sze tur-tur sze kur-ra sze a2-dam ku3-ga nu-gal2-la-am3
 en: The small barley, the barley of the mountain, the barley of the pure settlement was not present
16. tug2 nig2 mur10-mur10-bi nu-gal2-la-am3
 en: Wearing of garments was not present
17. {d}uttu nu-tu-u4 men nu-il2
 en: Uttu was not yet born, the crown was not yet raised
18. en {d}nimgir-si en {d}kal-kal nu-tu-u4
 en: Lord Bridegroom (Dumuzi) and Kalkal (the gatekeeper of the Ekur) were not yet born
19. {d}szakkan bar-rim4-ma# la-ba-ra-e3-a
 en: Sumuqan had not yet come out in the dry land
20. nam-lu2-lu7 u4 ri-a-ke4-ne
 en: The humans of that distant time
21. ninda gu7!-u3-de3 nu-mu-un-zu-usz-am3
 en: They did not know that food was to be eaten
22. tug2 nig2 mur10-mur10-bi nu-mu-un-zu-usz-am3
 en: They did not know the wearing of garments
23. kalam-ma gesz-ge-en su-bi mu-un-gen
 en: In the land (one) went/stood (on) limbs (i.e., on all fours?) naked(?)
24. udu-gin7 ka-bi u2 mu-ni-ib-gu7!
 en: Like sheep one ate with grass in its mouth (i.e. ruminated)
25. a surx(AH)-surx(AH)-ra-ke4 i-im-na8-na8-ne
 en: They were drinking water in the ditches(?)
26. u4-ba ki-uludin2 NE#? [...]-re-e-ke4
 en: At that time, at the place of (forming) features of the gods
27. e2-bi du6-ku3-ga {d}[lahar {d}]asznan# x [...] mu#?-un#?-sag12#?-e#?
 en: In their temple on the Holy Mound ... was creating lahar and Ezina
28. esz3 ninda gu7 dingir-re#-[...]
 en: They gathered them into the shrine where the gods ate food
29. he2-gal2 [...]
 en: The abundance of lahar and Ašnan
30. {d}a-nun-na du6-ku3#-[...]
 en: The Anuna gods of the holy mound
31. i-im-gux(NAG)-gux(NAG)-ne# [...]
 en: Were eating(!), but none among them were able to be filled
reverse
1. amasz# ku3-ga-ne-ne-a [...]
 en: The milk/cream of their holy sheepfold, the sweet thing (the Anuna gods of the Holy Mound were drinking, but none among them were able to be filled)
2. nam-lu2-lu7 |KAxX|#-bi im#-[...]
 en: Humanity ...
3. u4-ba {d}en-ki-ke4 {d}en-lil2-ra gu3 mu-un#-x-[...]
 en: At that time Enki spoke to Enlil
4. a-a {d}en-lil2 {d}lahar {d}asznan-bi-da-ke4
 en: "Father Enlil, both lahar and Ezina
5. du6-ku3-ga um-ma-da-an-sag12-ga
 en: Because/after(?)... created (them) on the Holy Mound
6. du6-ku3-ga-ta am3-ma-da-ra-ab-e11-de3-en-de3-en
 en: We shall send them down from the Holy Mound”
7. {d}en-ki {d}en-lil2-bi inim ku3-ga-ne-ne-a am3-du11-ga
 en: This is (how) both(?) Enki and Enlil spoke(?) in their holy conversation
8. {d#}lahar {d}asznan-bi du6-ku3-ga im-ma-da-ra-an-e11-de3
 en: They(!) were sending down both lahar and Ezina from the Holy Mound
9. {d#}lahar# amasz#-a-ni# im-ma-ab-ni10-ni10-e
 en: They(!) were enclosing lahar in her sheepfold
10. u2-szim nig2-dagal-la mu#-un-na-ba-e-ne
 en: They were giving vast vegetation to her
11. {d}asznan-ra GAN2 zi mu-un-ga2#-ga2#-e#-ne#
 en: For Ezina they were putting down a fertile field
12. {gesz}apin {gesz}szudul4 erin2#-bi mu-un-na-ba-e#-ne#
 en: They were giving to her the plow, the yoke, and its plow team
13. {d}lahar-e amasz-a gub-ba-ni-ta
 en: After lahar stood in the sheepfold
14. sipa amasz-a hi-li duh-duh-a-ta
 en: After the shepherd furnished her(?) with allure in the sheepfold
15. {d}asznan ab-sin2-na gub-ba-ni-ta
 en: After Ezina stood in the furrow
16. ki-sikil sig7-ga hi-li gur3-ru-am3
 en: She was a beautiful/verdant young woman bearing allure
17. GAN2-ne-ta sag zi il2-la-ni
 en: (After) she raised her fertile head in the field
18. he2-gal2 an-na-ta de2-de2-a-ni
 en: After she was poured upon by the abundance of heaven(?)
19. {d}lahar {d}asznan#-bi pa e3 mu-un#-na-ak-esz
 en: Both lahar and Ezina appeared
20. an-na he2-gal2 mu-un-ne-gal2
 en: In heaven abundance was there for them(?)
21. kalam-ma zi-sza3#-gal2 mu-un-ne-gal2
 en: In the land life force was there for them(?)
22. me dingir-re-e#-ne# si im-sa2-sa2-e-ne
 en: They were properly executing the me of the gods
23. erimx(|E2xA|)! kalam-ma-ka nig2# mu-ni-ib-lu-lu
 en: (They were making?) things proliferate in the storehouse(!?) of the land
24. e2-kur-re sahar# si us2-sa-a-ba
 en: Into the prison, founded(!?) (in?) the dust
25. u3-mu-un-sun5-esz he2-gal2 mu-un-ne-gal2
 en: After they entered, abundance was there for them
26. min3-na-ne-ne ki giri3-ne-ne bi2-in-gub-bu-usz-a
 en: The two of them (lit. “their two"), where they set their feet
27. dugud-bi e2#-e nig2 tah-e-me-esz
 en: They are the ones who increase things in the house “heavily”
28. ki gub si!? sa2-me-esz ki tusz me-te-gal2-me-esz
 en: Where they stand, they are correct(?), where they sit, they are appropriate
29. sza3 an-na# sza3 {d}en-lil2-la2-ke4 ba-sa6-ge-me-esz
 en: They are ones that are pleasant in(?) the heart of An and the heart of Enlil
30. gesztin nig2-du10 i-im-na8-na8-e-ne
 en: The were drinking sweet/intoxicating wine
31. kasz nig2-du10 i-im-du10-du10-ge-e-ne
 en: They were “making (themselves) sweet” (i.e., getting drunk) with sweet/intoxicating beer
32. gesztin nig2-du10 u3-mu-un-nag-esz-a-ta
 en: After they drank sweet/intoxicating wine
  single ruling
bottom
1. im-gi-da {disz}dam!-qi2!-i3-li2-szu {iti}ab-e3 u4 1(u) 4(disz)-kam
 en: Single-column tablet of Damqi-ilišu, month of Abe, 14th day
2. ($ blank space $) 1(disz)! szu-szi 2(disz)
 en: (Total:) 62(!) lines

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Literary (ETCSL 5.03.02 Debate between Grain and Sheep (witness))
  • Language(s): Sumerian


  • N.d. [Gadd, Cyril J. & Shaffer, Aaron, UET 6 (1963, 1966, 2006) 0033 (1406237)]

    history


  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: BM —
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No: U —
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

Consult this artifact as presented on the website of collections and projects:

This artifact is a witness to the following composite(s):

Composite Score
CDLI Literary 000761 (Debate between Grain and Sheep) composite (P472758) View the score

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact

“CDLI Literary 000761, Ex. 038 Artifact Entry.” 2006. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). November 2, 2006. https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346118.

CDLI Literary 000761, ex. 038 artifact entry (No. P346118). (2006, November 2). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346118

CDLI Literary 000761, ex. 038 artifact entry (2006) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346118 (Accessed: February 5, 2023).

@misc{2006CDLI,
  • note = {[Online; accessed 2023-02-05]},
  • year = {2006},
  • month = {nov 2},
  • title = {CDLI {Literary} 000761, ex. 038 artifact entry},
  • howpublished = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346118},
}

TY  - ELEC
DA  - 2006/11/2/
ID  - P346118
LB  - CDLI:P346118
M1  - 2023/2/5/
TI  - CDLI Literary 000761, ex. 038 artifact entry
UR  - https://cdli.ucla.edu/P346118
ER  -