CDLI Literary 000351, ex. 048 (P346091)

Literary tablet excavated in Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in British Museum, London, UK

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Text / annotations

Text data


Linked annotations


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Chemical Data

Seal Chemistry


Museum Collection(s)

British Museum, London, UK

Museum Number

BM —


Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)


Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)

Artifact Type




Genre / Subgenre(s)

Literary (ETCSL 1.06.02 Ninurta’s Exploits (witness))






1. lugal-gu10 {na4}e-le-li im-ma-gub#
 en: My king attended to the eleli stone
2. {d}nin-urta dumu {d}en-lil2-la2-ke4 nam# am3-ib-tar-re
 en: Ninurta, the son of Enlil, was decreeing (its) fate
3-4. {na4}e-le-li gesztu2 tuku kur dux(LU2) mu2-a-ba ni2-gu10# he2-me-ni-ri
 en: eleli stone, possessed of wisdom, when the mountain sows discord, I shall cast down my aura upon you
5. ki-bala ug3 tesz2-ba ri-a-ga2 mu-gu10# hu-mu-ni-pa3#
 en: Upon my rebel land (whose) people confront together, you(?) shall invoke my name
6. silim-ma-zu-ta nam-ba#-e-re-be4
 en: You shall not diminish from your healthy/intact state
7. gur4-ra-zu tur-e-bi he2-gig
 en: The reduction of your thickness shall be difficult(?)
8. me!-gu10 mar-za si ha-ba-ni-ib2-sa2
 en: My cosmic powers shall regulate (your) rites(!?)
9. {gesz}tukul!(TUG2) sag3-ge ur-sag ug5-ga-ga2 szu gal-bi? he2-ni!-du7
 en: You shall be greatly suited for my smiting weapon which kills the hero
10. x-mah-ga2-a ki-gal ha-ra-an-ri
 en: In my supreme courtyard(!?) a pedestal shall be set down for you
11. kalam-e u6# du10-ge-esz mu-e kur-kur he2-il2-i
 en: (May) the land(?) admire (you) sweetly, the (foreign) lands shall raise (you)
  double ruling
12. ur-sag {na4#}ka-gin6-e ba-gub
 en: The hero attended to the kagina stone
13. nam-kal-ga-bi#-sze3# gu3# ba-de2-e
 en: He spoke (to it) because of its might
14. {d}nin-urta dumu {d}en-lil2-la2-ke4 nam am3-ib-tar-re
 en: Ninurta, the son of Enlil, was decreeing (its) fate
15. sul ni2-tuku gesz#-nu11 bar-sze3 gal2
 en: Reverent youth who sets (saturated) light to the outside
16. {na4#}ka#-gin6-na ki-bala-ta gu3# mu-e-re-gal2-la
 en: kagina stone, you who put down a shout for me in the rebel land
17. [...]-gu10# sa2 mu-ri-ib2-du11#
 en: My hand did not conquer you (as) an arrogant one(?)
18. [...] ba#-ra#?-[...]
 en: And therefore(?) I did not bind you(?) together with the hostile ones
  rest broken
  beginning broken
1'. {na4#}za#?-[...]
 en: ...
2'. {na4#}x-[...]
 en: ...
3'. {na4}gug-x [...]
 en: The guggazi and marhali stones
4'. {na4}e-gi-za3#?-ga# {na4#}gi-rin#?-[...] {na4}an-zu2#!?-[... {na4}]nir2#?-musz#-gir2
 en: The egizaga, girinhiliba, anzugulme and nirmušir stones
5'. en-e zi# [...]-e#
 en: The lord, ...
6'. {d}nin-urta dumu {d}en-lil2-la2-ke4 nam am3-ib2-tar-re
 en: Ninurta, the son of Enlil, was decreeing (its) fate
7'. a#?-[...] ba#-du nita# munus dim2#-ma u3# za-e-gin7 ki-gu10-usz
 en: Whatever(?) ... you go, (whether) formed as(?) male and female, you thus(?) “towards my place”
8'. nam-tag#? [...]-tuku szu-zu e2-gar8-am3 ba-da-x-x-en
 en: You possessed no sin, your hand “pushes"(?) that which is a wall (demonstrating solidarity or inactivity as a conspirator?)
9'. ki-inim#?-ma#?-ka# ni2# mu-e-ni-bulug5
 en: As a witness(?), (you) boasted about me/yourself(?)
10'. ad gi4-gi4-da ga2-e mi-ni-ib2-bulug5-en
 en: I will rear you(!) in/on (my lap, etc.) together with “an adviser"(?)
11'. pu#-uh2#-ru-ma szagina-me-en inim#? gar-ra-gin7
 en: Like one who made the claim(?) “I am the general” in the assembly(?)
12'. {na4}nir2# gesztin lal3-e ha-ma-pa3-de3#
 en: nir stone(?), (you) shall chose among(?) the wine and syrup for me(?)
13'. ku3-sig17 zi-de3-esz mi2# he2#-[...]-en-ze2-en
 en: You (pl.) shall faithfully care for gold (which you are inlaid with?)
14'. u2-sag# dingir-re-e-ne#-ka
 en: Among(?) the ... of the gods
15'. kur-kur-re giri17 ki szu2-szu2-zu giri17 szu ha#-ba-ab-tag#-ge
 en: The lands shall touch the nose in submission when you(?) grovel(?)
16'. lugal-gu10 {na4}gir2-zu2-gal-la#-ke4 ba-gub igi dul2? ba#-an-ak
 en: My king attended to the flint, he looked at it angrily

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Literary (ETCSL 1.06.02 Ninurta’s Exploits (witness))
  • Language(s): Sumerian

  • history: UET 6, 0006

    [Gadd1963] Gadd, Cyril J., and Aaron Shaffer. 1963, 1966.

  • history: Lugale, 2 (1983) 016 H2

    [vanDijk1983Lugale] Dijk, Johannes J. A. van. 1983. Lugal Ud Me-Lám-Bi Nir-G̃ál : Le Récit Épique et Didactique Des Travaux de Ninurta, de Déluge et de La Nouvelle Création. Leiden : E. J. Brill.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: BM —
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Ur (mod. Tell Muqayyar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No: U 16884
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2024-07-12 at 15:29:36 Firth, Richard Artifact, Other Entity Firth, Richard Firth, Richard approved View
2023-06-28 at 23:15:35 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Hafford, William B.; Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2023-06-15 at 20:34:30 Rattenborg, Rune Artifact Rattenborg, Rune Geomapping Landscapes of Writing Rattenborg, Rune approved View
2019-05-29 at 21:01:59 Englund, Robert K. Atf Peterson, Jeremiah CDLI approved View
2015-02-26 at 09:00:10 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2011-10-07 at 08:44:53 Wagensonner, Klaus Atf Wagensonner, Klaus CDLI approved View
2006-11-02 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact Foxvog, Daniel A.; Guerra, Dylan; Peterson, Jeremiah; Veldhuis, Niek; Wolfe, Jared N. CDLI approved View

This artifact is a witness to the following composite(s):

Composite Score
CDLI Literary 000351 (Ninurta's Exploits [Lugale]) composite (P469530) View the score

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“CDLI Literary 000351, Ex. 048 Artifact Entry.” (2006) 2024. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). July 12, 2024.
CDLI Literary 000351, ex. 048 artifact entry (No. P346091). (2024, July 12). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). (Original work published 2006)
CDLI Literary 000351, ex. 048 artifact entry (2024) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: (Accessed: July 14, 2024).
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-07-14]},
	year = {2024},
	month = {jul 12},
	title = {CDLI {Literary} 000351, ex. 048 artifact entry},
	url = {},
	howpublished = {},

DA  - 2024/7/12/
PY  - 2024
ID  - P346091
LB  - CDLI:P346091
M1  - 2024/7/14/
TI  - CDLI Literary 000351, ex. 048 artifact entry
UR  -
ER  - 
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