MSL 15, 008 A (P229672)

Lexical tablet excavated in Nippur (mod. Nuffar), dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period and now kept in Hilprecht Collection, University of Jena, Jena, Germany

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Chemical Data

Seal Chemistry

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Museum Collection(s)

Hilprecht Collection, University of Jena, Jena, Germany, Penn Museum, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Museum Number

CBS 07349 + HS 1874

Period

Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

Provenience

Nippur (mod. Nuffar)

Artifact Type

Tablet

Material(s)

Clay

Genre / Subgenre(s)

Lexical (OB Nippur Diri Obv: P-Diri; Rev: P-Diri)

Language(s)

Sumerian

Measurements

-

Has fragments

tablet
  (single ruling between each Akkadian entry)
obverse
column 1
  beginning broken
1'. # diri ~ [($ blank space $)] = %a [...]-um#
2'. # diri ~ [($ blank space $)] = %a ra-ap-szum
 en: wide
3'. # diri ~ ($ blank space $) = %a sza-ba-bu-um
 en: to walk
4'. # diri ~ ($ blank space $) = %a na-ha-al-lum
 en: gorge
5'. # diri ~ ($ blank space $) = %a na-sa-qum
 en: to choose
6'. # diri ~ ($ blank space $) = %a na-sa-ku
 en: to throw down
7'. # diri ~ ($ blank space $) = %a za-qa2-ru-um
 en: to build high
8'. # diri ~ ($ blank space $) = %a ma-ha-hu-um
 en: to cause (eyes) to swell
9'. # diri ~ ($ blank space $) = %a ma-ha-ru-um#
 en: to drift (said of clouds)
  single ruling
10'. # puzur4 ~ |KAxGAN2@t.SZA|{+pu3-zu#-ur2#} = %a pu-uz-ru-um#
 en: secret
11'. # puzur4 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a ra-ga-mu-um
 en: to call
12'. # puzur4 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a hi-di-ir-tum
 en: secret = misery
  single ruling
13'. # mumun ~ |KAxLI.KAxLI|#{+mu-mu-un} = %a ri-ig-mu-um
 en: noise
14'. # mumun ~ ($ blank space $) = %a szi-ip-tum
 en: incantation
15'. # mumun ~ ($ blank space $) = %a wa-szi-pu#-um#
 en: excorcist
16'. # mumun ~ ($ blank space $) = %a ra#-mi-mu#-um#
 en: noise
  single ruling
17'. # dadag ~ |UD.UD|#{+da#-da-ag} = %a el#-lum
 en: pure
18'. # dadag ~ ($ blank space $) = %a eb-bu-um
 en: bright
19'. # dadag ~ ($ blank space $) = %a na#-am#-ru#-um
 en: shining
  single ruling
20'. # huhud ~ |UD.UD|{+hu-hu-u4} = %a el-lum
 en: pure
21'. # huhud ~ ($ blank space $) = %a eb-bu-um
 en: bright
22'. # huhud ~ ($ blank space $) = %a na-am-ru#-um
 en: shining
  single ruling
23'. # tatam ~ |UD.UD|{+ta#-ta-am#} = %a el-lum
 en: pure
24'. # tatam ~ ($ blank space $) = %a eb-bu-um
 en: bright
25'. # tatam ~ ($ blank space $) = %a na-am-ru-um
 en: shining
column 2
  beginning broken
  single ruling
1'. # tur-tur ~ |TUR.TUR|# = %a [...]
2'. # tur-tur ~ ($ blank space $) = %a la#-hu-tum#
 en: babies
3'. # tur-tur ~ ($ blank space $) = %a en#-szu-tum
 en: weak ones
4'. # tur-tur ~ ($ blank space $) = %a da#-qu3#-tum
 en: tiny ones
5'. # tur-tur ~ ($ blank space $) = %a u2-te#-ni-nu-<<nu>>-um
 en: to humiliate oneself = supplication
6'. # tur-tur ~ ($ blank space $) = %a szu#?-x-tum#
  in akk. col. perhaps read: szu?-li?-tum = szūlûtu 'votive gift' < elû ? sfs
  single ruling
7'. # di4-di4-la2 ~ |TUR.TUR.LAL| = %a s,u2#-ha#-ru#-um#
 en: boy
8'. # di4-di4-la2 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a da#-qu3#-tum#
 en: tiny ones
9'. # di4-di4-la2 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a da#-qu2#-um
 en: very small
  single ruling
10'. # gur4-gur4 ~ |LAGAB.LAGAB| = %a i#-ta#?-ag#?-ru#-ru#-um#
 en: thick = rolling
11'. # gur4-gur4 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a pu#-ug#-gu5#?-lum#
 en: thick = very strong
12'. # gur4-gur4 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a ka#?-ab#?-ru#-um#
 en: thick
13'. # gur4-gur4 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a ku#-bu-um
 en: thick = foetus
  single ruling
14'. # nigin ~ |LAGAB.LAGAB| = %a se2#-ke#-ru#-um
 en: to shut off
15'. # nigin ~ ($ blank space $) = %a sa3-ma#-kum
 en: to cover up
16'. # nigin ~ ($ blank space $) = %a sza#-qu2#-um
 en: to give to drink
17'. # nigin ~ ($ blank space $) = %a a-wi-ri-a-an#-nu-um
 en: standing water
  in akk. col. photo shows 1st sign is A not LA
18'. # nigin ~ ($ blank space $) = %a e#-du#-u2-um#
 en: flood
19'. # nigin ~ ($ blank space $) = %a s,a-a-du#-um#
 en: to roam around
20'. # nigin ~ ($ blank space $) = %a sa3-ha-ru-um
 en: to go around
21'. # nigin ~ ($ blank space $) = %a la-wu-u2-um
 en: to surround
22'. # nigin ~ ($ blank space $) = %a sza#-[a?]-u2#
 en: to circle (said of birds)
23'. # nigin ~ ($ blank space $) = %a e#?-[ge?-ru?]-um#
 en: to be twisted
24'. # nigin ~ ($ blank space $) = %a e#?-be2#-t,um#
 en: to swell
column 3
  beginning broken
1'. # lah5 ~ [($ blank space $)] = %a sza#-la#?-[lu-um]
 en: to plunder
2'. # lah5 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a a-la-kum#
 en: to bring = to go
  single ruling
3'. # lah5-lah5 ~ |DU.DU.DU.DU|# = %a bu-ub-bu-lum
 en: to bring
  single ruling
4'. # gir5-gir5 ~ |DU@s.DU@s| = %a t,e3-bu-u2-um
 en: to submerge
5'. # gir5-gir5 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a ti-t,e3-bu-um
 en: to sink repeatedly
6'. # gir5-gir5 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a ha-la-pu-um
 en: to slip into
7'. # DU@s-DU@s ~ ($ blank space $) = %a as2#?-qu3-du-um
 en: a small animal
  single ruling
8'. # dun5-dun5 ~ |BUR2.BUR2|# = %a da#-ma-mu-um
 en: to tremble = to lament
9'. # du9-du9 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a da-ba#-bu-um
 en: to talk
10'. # dun5-dun5 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a ma#-a-s,um
 en: to churn
11'. # dun5-dun5 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a na-a-qu2-um
 en: to run
  single ruling
12'. # bur2-bur2 ~ |BUR2.BUR2| = %a pa-sza-a-rum
 en: to release
13'. # bur2-bur2 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a wa-sza-ru-um!
 en: to hang down (of hair)
14'. # bur2-bur2 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a sza-al-t,u3-tum
 en: authoritative persons
  single ruling
15'. # ara3-ara3 ~ |HIx[ASZ2].HIxASZ2|# = %a sa3-ma-du-um
 en: to grind finely
16'. # ara3-ara3 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a t,e-e-nu-um
 en: to grind
17'. # ara3-ara3 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a a-ra-ru-um
 en: miller
  single ruling
18'. # lilib ~ |IGI.IGI| = %a sa3-a-ru-um
 en: criminal
19'. # lilib ~ ($ blank space $) = %a ha-ab-ba-tum
 en: plunderer
20'. # lilib ~ ($ blank space $) = %a sza-ar!-ra-qum
 en: thief
21'. # lilib ~ ($ blank space $) = %a mu-ut#-ta#-ah-li!-lum
 en: vagabond
  in akk. col. photo shows LI omitted & then squeezed in between AH & LUM
  single ruling
22'. # bad5-bad5 ~ |IGI.IGI| = %a pa-ti-a-am# i!-ni
 en: with open eyes
23'. # bad5-bad5 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a PI-al-s,a i-ni
 en: with staring eyes
  single ruling
24'. # szi-szi ~ |IGI.IGI| = %a szi-szu-u2
 en: having an eye disease
column 4
  beginning broken
1'. # ganzer ~ |IGI.KUR.[ZA]|# = %a [...]
 en: nether world
2'. # ganzer ~ ($ blank space $) = %a ka#-ni#-[sur-ru]
 en: Netherworld
3'. # ganzer ~ ($ blank space $) = %a ba-ab er-s,e#-[tim]
 en: gate to the nether world
  single ruling
4'. # igi kur ~ |IGI.KUR| = %a pa-ni er-s,e-tim#
 en: in front of the nether world
  single ruling
5'. # henburx(|IGI.KAK|) ~ |IGI.KAK| = %a he-bu-ru-um
 en: stalk
  single ruling
6'. # dala2 ~ |IGI.KAK| = %a s,i-il-lu-u2
 en: thorn
  single ruling
7'. # szukur ~ |IGI.KAK| = %a szu#-ku-ru-um
 en: spear
8'. # szukur ~ |IGI.KAK|# = %a ha#-al-wu-u2-um
 en: fence
  single ruling
9'. # ubri2 ~ |IGI.DIM|# = %a da-hi-mu-u2-um
 en: lance
10'. # ubri2 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a szu#-ku#-ru-um
 en: spear
  single ruling
11'. # henzer ~ |IGI.DIM| = %a s,e#-eh-ru-um
 en: child
12'. # henzer ~ ($ blank space $) = %a pe-hu-u2
 en: to caulk
  single ruling
13'. # {gesz}ligima ~ |GISZ.IGI.TUR.TUR| = %a li-gi4-mu-u2
 en: shoot (of a tree)
14'. # {gesz}ligima ~ ($ blank space $) = %a zi-iq-pu-um
 en: sapling
15'. # {gesz}ligima ~ ($ blank space $) = %a ni-ip-lum
 en: shoot
  single ruling
16'. # gurum2!(|IGI.DUN|) ~ |IGI.DUN| = %a pa!-qa2-du-um
 en: to inspect
  in Sum. col.: there is some graphic similarity between IGI.ERIN2 & IGI.DUN
17'. # gurum2!(|IGI.DUN|) ~ |IGI.DUN| = %a pi-<qi2>-it!-tum
 en: inspection
18'. # saga!(|IGI.DUN|) ~ |IGI.DUN| = %a s,a-ra-pu-um
 en: to refine (by firing)
  single ruling
19'. # u6-nir ~ |IGI.E2.(NUN&NUN)| = %a zi-qu2-ra-tum#?
 en: temple tower
20'. # u6 ~ |IGI.E2| = %a a-ma#-[ru-um]
 en: to observe
21'. # u6 ($ blank space $) = %a [...]
 en: to examine
  MSL 15 composite inserts additonal line (158) at this point, which seems not justified in photo for this exemplar
  single ruling
22'. # ~ |IGI.[x.x?]|# = %a [...]
reverse
  (orientation of columns is left to right)
column 1
1. # uktin ~ |SIG7.ALAN|# = %a bu-na-nu
 en: facial features
2. # uktin ~ ($ blank space $) = %a bi-ne-tum
 en: appearance
3. # uktin ~ ($ blank space $) = %a s,u2-bu-ur pa-ni
 en: grimace
  single ruling
4. # zermuszkux(|TAK4.ALAN|) ~ |TAK4.ALAN|# = %a gu-ur-gu-ru-um
 en: metal-worker
  single ruling
5. # tibira ~ |DUB.NAGAR| = %a gu-ur-gu-ru-um
 en: metal-worker
  single ruling
6. # {gesz}taszkarin ~ |GISZ.TUG2| = %a ta-asz2-ga-ri-nu#
 en: boxwood
7. # {gesz}taszkarin ~ ($ blank space $) = %a el-lum
 en: boxwood = pure (wood)
8. # {gesz}taszkarin ~ ($ blank space $) = %a eb-bu-um#
 en: boxwood = bright (wood)
9. # {gesz}taszkarin ~ ($ blank space $) = %a szar-rum
 en: boxwood = king
  in akk. col.: 2nd sign written over erasure
  single ruling
10. # {gesz}sugin ~ |GISZ.BAD!| = %a su2-ki-in-nu!
  entire line after GISZ may be written over erasures
 en: rotten wood
  single ruling
11. # {gesz}esi ~ |GISZ.KAL|# = %a u2-szu-u2-um
 en: ebony
  single ruling
12. # gesz-kinx(|HIxNUN|) ~ |GISZ.HIxNUN| = %a ki-isz-ka-nu-um
 en: birch?
  single ruling
13. # {gesz}szennur ~ |GISZ.<<x>>.GISZ%GISZ| = %a sza-lu-ru-u2-um
 en: plum
  single ruling
14. # {gesz}mes ~ |GISZ.MES| = %a s,u2-ul-mu-u2
 en: a black wood
15. # {gesz}mes ~ ($ blank space $) = %a me-su-um
 en: a kind of tree
16. # {gesz}mes ~ ($ blank space $) = %a me-er-tu-u2-um
 en: a kind of tree
  single ruling
17. # {gesz}ha-lu-ub2 ~ |GISZ.HA.LU.SZE3| = %a hu-lu-pu-um
 en: a kind of ?cherry? tree
  single ruling
18. # {gesz}targulx(|MA2.KAK|) ~ |GISZ.MA2.KAK| = %a te-er-gu-ul-lu-u2
 en: mooring post
  single ruling
19. # {gesz}madal ~ |GISZ.BU| = %a er-ru-u2
 en: peg?
20. # {gesz}madal ~ ($ blank space $) = %a ma-tu-u2-um
 en: a kind of pole
  single ruling
21. # {gesz}mudla ~ |GISZ.BU| = %a ma-asz-szu-u2-um
 en: a carrying basket
  single ruling
22. # {gesz}malla ~ |GISZ.BU|# = %a ma-ah-la-lum
 en: wooden container
  single ruling
23. # {gesz}gazinbu ~ [|GISZ.BU|] = %a ga#-szi-szum
 en: stake (for impalement)
  single ruling
24. # {gesz}gidim3 ~ [|GISZ.BU|] = %a [a-la]-lu#?-u2#-um#
 en: shaduf (irrigation device)
  rest broken
column 2
1. # gesztu2 ~ |GISZ.TUG2.PI| = %a uz-nu-um
 en: ear
  single ruling
2. # gesztu3 ~ |GISZ.PI.TUG2| = %a uz-nu-um
 en: ear
  single ruling
3. # gizzal ~ |GISZ.TUG2.PI.NU11@90.SILA3| = %a uz-nu-um
 en: ear
4. # gizzal ~ ($ blank space $) = %a ha-si-su2-um
 en: wisdom
5. # gizzal ~ ($ blank space $) = %a qa2-lum
 en: to pay attention
6. # gizzal ~ ($ blank space $) = %a u2-te-qu3-u2-um
 en: to be attentive
  single ruling
7. # {gesz}banszur ~ |GISZ.URUxMIN+URUDU| = %a pa-asz-szu-ru-um
 en: table
  single ruling
8. # gesz-ur3 ~ |GISZ.GA2x(NUN&NUN)|# = %a gu-szu-ru-um#
 en: beam
  in Sum. col.: UR3 written over erasure; in akk. col.: UM partially erased or written over erasure
  single ruling
9. # gesz-par3-ra ~ |GISZ.DAG.RA| = %a pu-su2#?-nu-um
 en: veiled
  single ruling
10. # {gesz}amra ~ |GISZ.GISZ.MA2.RA| = %a am-ru-um
 en: timber
  single ruling
11. # {gesz}suhub4 ~ |GISZ.SZU.DI.ESZ| = %a me-de-lu-um
 en: bolt
  single ruling
12. # {gesz}suhub5 ~ |GISZ.SZU.GA| = %a na-ap-ra-kum
 en: bolt
  single ruling
13. # {gesz}girah ~ |GISZ.SZU.DIM2| = %a su2-pi#-in i-ti-nim
 en: supplies (tools or timber) for building
  single ruling
14. # gesz-giri19 ~ |GISZ.SZU.LU2| = %a ne#-me-tum sza a-wi-lim
 en: staff of a person
  single ruling
15. # gesz-girix(LU2) ~ |GISZ.LU2| = %a ne#-me-tum sza DINGIR
 en: staff of a god
  single ruling
16. # {gesz}raba ~ |GISZ.LUGAL|# = %a ra-ap-pu-u2
 en: clamp
  single ruling
17. # {gesz}u3-luh ~ |GISZ.IGI.DIB.LUH|# = %a pe-er-hu-um
 en: bud
  single ruling
18. # {gesz}gibil ~ |GISZ.NE@s|# = %a pe-er-hu-um
 en: bud
19. # {gesz}gibil ~ ($ blank space $) = %a s,e-eh-rum
 en: sprout = child
  single ruling
20. # {gesz}kiri6 ~ |GISZ.SAR| = %a {gesz}KIRI6
 en: orchard
  single ruling
21. # {gesz}isimu3{+mu2} ~ |GISZ.<U>.AD.SAR| = %a pe-er-hu-um
 en: bud
  single ruling
22. # {gesz}ildagx(|A.(GU4xKUR)|) ~ |GISZ.A.GU4xKUR| = %a a-da-ru-um
 en: poplar
  single ruling
23. # {gesz}szinig ~ |GISZ.SZINIG|# = %a bi-nu-um
 en: tamarisk
  single ruling
24. # {gesz}asal2 ~ |GISZ.A.TU.GABA.LISZ|# = %a s,a-ar-ba-tum!(LUM)
 en: poplar
25. # ~ [...] = %a [...] sza# DINGIR#
 en: divine [weapon]
  rest broken
column 3
1. # szuba2 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a bi#?-x-x?-mu#?-[x?]
  in akk. col. perhaps some form of bitrāmu 'multicolored'
2. # szuba2 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a ra-am-kum#
 en: bathed
3. # %e szuba2 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a re#-ia-um
 en: shepherd
4. # %e szuba2 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a {d}da-mu
 en: shepherd = Damu
  single ruling
5. # nir7 ~ |ZA.gin2@g| = %a hu#-la-lum
 en: banded agate
  single ruling
6. # zabalam2{ki} ~ |ZA.MUSZ3.ABxESZ.KI|# = %a su2#?-ga-al;-lum#?
 en: Zabalam = Sugal
  single ruling
7. # dida ~ |BI.U2.SA?|# = %a bi#-il-la#?-tum!
 en: a dry beer product
  in akk. col.: photo shows last sign possibly written over erasure, or indented sign from previous entry (LUM?)
  single ruling
8. # ~ |BI.U2| = %a hi-qum
 en: diluted beer
  single ruling
9. # uluszin3 ~ |ASZ2.AN| = %a u2-lum-sze-in-um
 en: date-sweetened emmer-beer
  MSL 15 misread in akk. col.
  single ruling
10. # imgaga3 ~ |ASZ2.AN| = %a di#-zi-ip-tu-hi
 en: sweet beer
  single ruling
11. # {u2}uszusz!(KAL) ~ |U2.KAL|# = %a mi#-it,-rum
 en: a type of irrigated land
  in akk. col.: possibly mistake for pitru
12. # ~ ($ blank space $) = %a it-tu-u2
 en: bitumen
  single ruling
13. # ~ |U2.GA2xx.TUR| = %a ma-sza-PI-GU
 en: ...
  akk. sfs
  single ruling
14. # {u2}szalambi!(KUL){sar} ~ |U2.KUL.SAR?|# = %a i-mi-ka!-ru;-ru#
 en: grass
  single ruling
15. # ~ |U2.x.x| = %a i#-[...]-x
 en: ...
  in Sum. col. perhaps read: U2.SZA3?.SAR?
  single ruling
16. # {u2}sullim{sar} ~ |U2.ENxGAN2@t.SAR|# = %a sza-am#-ba#?-li#?-il#;-tum
 en: fenugreek
  single ruling
17. # {u2}kutrax(|AN.IM|) ~ |U2.AN.IM| = %a qu2-u4-ru-um
 en: a plant
  single ruling
18. # szimbirida{sar} ~ |U2.KUR.SAR| = %a ne-nu
 en: a medicinal plant
  single ruling
19. # {u2}azubir{sar} ~ |U2.HIx[ASZ2].SAG.SAR| = %a a-zu-pi-ru-um
 en: saffron
  single ruling
20. # {u2}gamun{sar} ~ |U2.DIN.SZE.NUN&NUN.SAR| = %a ka-mu#-nu#-um
 en: cumin
  single ruling
21. # {u2}szumundax(|LAGAR@g&LAGAR@g.LAGAR@g&LAGAR@g.LAGAR@g&LAGAR@g|){sar} ~ |U2.LAGAR@g&LAGAR@g.LAGAR@g&LAGAR@g.LAGAR@g&LAGAR@g.SAR|# = %a szu-mu-ut-tum
 en: beetroot
  Sum. entry is szumunda(r)x 'beetroot'
  single ruling
22. # ~ |U2.x.x.SAR?|# = %a x-[x?]-s,i#-u2
23. # ~ [...] = %a [...]-x-ZU
24. # ~ [...] = %a [...]-x-u2#?
  rest broken
column 4
1. # ~ |X?.X| = %a [...]
2. # ~ [...] = %a [...]
  single ruling
3. # ~ |A.X| = %a [...]
4. # ~ ($ blank space $) = %a szi#?-[...]
5. # ~ ($ blank space $) = %a szi-[...]
  single ruling
6. # a-gar5 ~ |A.LU3| = %a a-ba-ru-um#
 en: lead
  single ruling
7. # ugu2 ~ |A.KA| = %a mu-uh2-hu#-um#
 en: skull
8. # ugu2 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a e-li
 en: on
9. # ugu2 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a a-s,e-er
 en: in addition to
  single ruling
10. # esza ~ |A.SZE.NUN&NUN| = %a sa3-as2-ku-u2-um
 en: a fine flour
  single ruling
11. # e11 ~ E11 = %a e-lu-u2-um
 en: to go up
  in akk. col.: photo shows signs after E written over erasure
12. # e11 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a wa-ra-du-um
 en: to descend
13. # e11 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a szu?-lu-mu
  akk. uncertain; perhaps < szullumu 'improve' < szalāmu 'be(come) healthy'?
14. # e11 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a sza-qu3#-u2-um
 en: to raise
  single ruling
15. # e3 ~ E3 = %a wa-s,u2-u2-um
 en: to go out
16. # e3 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a hi-a-t,u3-um
 en: to watch over
17. # ($ blank space $) = %a ru-ub-bu-u2
 en: to bring up
18. # e3 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a e-ru-u2-um
 en: ?
  akk. uncertain; perhaps erû 'be naked, strip bare' or arû/erû 'cut off'?
19. # e3 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a a-ma-<<x>>-rum
 en: to watch
  in akk. col.: x is erasure, ASZ written over erasure
20. # ($ blank space $) = %a szu-pu-u2-um
 en: to reveal
21. # e3 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a sza-ka-kum
 en: to string beads
22. # e3 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a za-qa2-nu-um
 en: to come out (said of a beard) = to wear a beard
  single ruling
23. # a-ra2 ~ |A.DU| = %a t,e-mu-um
 en: ways = reason
24. # a-ra2 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a a-la-ak-tum
 en: way
25. # a-ra2 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a a-ru-ru#-u2#-um#
 en: calculation
  single ruling
26. # a-ra2 ~ |A.X|# = %a x-x-[...]
 en: ...
  rest broken
column 5
  beginning broken
1'. # addir ~ |A.PA.BI?.GISZ.PAD.SI.A|# = %a [...]
  single ruling
2'. # addir ~ ($ blank space $) = %a x-ru#?-x
3'. # addir ~ ($ blank space $) = %a ni-bi-rum
 en: ford
4'. # addir ~ ($ blank space $) = %a isz-di-hu-um
 en: profit
  single ruling
5'. # sed5 ~ |A.MUSZ3.DI|# = %a ku-us,-s,um#
 en: cold
6'. # mabi2 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a ma-mu#-um
 en: frost
  in Sum. col. perhaps read: mabi2
7'. # halba6 ~ ($ blank space $) = %a szu-ri-pu-um#
 en: ice
  single ruling
8'. # {i7}idigna ~ |A.LAGABxHAL.GU2+GAR3| = %a i#-di-iq-la#-at#
 en: Tigris
  single ruling
9'. # {i7}buranun ~ |A.LAGABxHAL.UD.GISZ%GISZ.NUN.KI|# = %a pu-ra-at-tum#
 en: Euphrates
  single ruling
10'. # {i7}sirara2 ~ |A.LAGABxHAL?.UD.MA2.ABxHA?.SZIR.KI|# = %a si-ra#-a?-ru?
 en: Sirara canal
  single ruling
11'. # szab ~ |PA.IB| = %a sza#-[ra?]-mu-um#
 en: to trim
12'. # szab ~ ($ blank space $) = %a na-ka#?-su2#?-um#
 en: to cut
13'. # szab ~ ($ blank space $) = %a ha-[ra]-s,u2#-um#
 en: to break off
14'. # szab ~ ($ blank space $) = %a ha-ra#-ru#?-um#
 en: to dig
15'. # szab ~ ($ blank space $) = %a e-se2#-[qu2-um]
 en: to incise
16'. # szab ~ ($ blank space $) = %a na?-x-[...]
  single ruling
17'. # ~ |PA?.X?|# = %a [...]
  traces in photo after l. 16' uncertain; need coll.
  rest broken

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)
Consult word list of Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm):
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • This artifact is composed of fragments.
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:

  • Genre(s): Lexical (OB Nippur Diri Obv: P-Diri; Rev: P-Diri)
  • Language(s): Sumerian


  • Civil, Miguel. 2004. [MSL 15 008 A (Civil2004)]

    primary


  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: CBS 07349 + HS 1874
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Nippur (mod. Nuffar)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No:
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

Consult this artifact as presented on the website of collections and projects:

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes:

P229672 leadP229672 lead

Cite this Artifact

“MSL 15, 008 A Artifact Entry.” (2003) 2023. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). February 1, 2023. https://cdli.ucla.edu/P229672.

MSL 15, 008 A artifact entry (No. P229672). (2023, February 1). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). https://cdli.ucla.edu/P229672 (Original work published 2003)

MSL 15, 008 A artifact entry (2023) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: https://cdli.ucla.edu/P229672 (Accessed: February 8, 2023).

@misc{2023MSL,
  • note = {[Online; accessed 2023-02-08]},
  • year = {2023},
  • month = {feb 1},
  • title = {MSL 15, 008 {A} artifact entry},
  • howpublished = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P229672},
}

TY  - ELEC
DA  - 2023/2/1/
ID  - P229672
LB  - CDLI:P229672
M1  - 2023/2/8/
TI  - MSL 15, 008 A artifact entry
UR  - https://cdli.ucla.edu/P229672
ER  -