TCNU 685 (P218075)

Administrative tablet excavated in Umma (mod. Tell Jokha), dated to the Ur III (ca. 2100-2000 BC) period and now kept in Museo di Antichità di Torino, Turin, Italy

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Chemical Data

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Museum Collection(s)

Museo di Antichità di Torino, Turin, Italy

Museum Number

MAT 685

Period

Ur III (ca. 2100-2000 BC)

Provenience

Umma (mod. Tell Jokha)

Artifact Type

Tablet

Material(s)

Clay

Genre / Subgenre(s)

Administrative

Language(s)

Sumerian

Measurements

179.0 mm × 115.0 mm × 32.0 mm

tablet
obverse
column 1
1. [1(gesz2) 4(u) 6(disz) 1(u)] 6(disz) 1/3(disz) gin2 geme2# 3(ban2)
2. 5(disz) 1(u) 6(disz) 1/3(disz) gin2 geme2 a2 1/2(disz)
3. iti# 1(u) 1(disz)-sze3
4. [a2]-bi u4 9(szar2) 5(gesz'u) 9(gesz2)
  calculation: (106 16.33/60 + ((5 16.33/60)/2)) × 330 = 35,940
5. [iti sze-sag11-ku5]-ta
6. [iti pa4-u2-e-sze3]
7. [...]
8. [...]
9. kiszib3 lu2#-kal#?-[la? x]-x
10. ki ka-guru7#-ta
11. 1(gesz'u) 1(u) 4(disz) 1(u) 2(disz) gin2 x a2 zi3-da [...] me [...]
12. 1(gesz2) 5(u) 6(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-[sze3] a2 esza-ta [x]
13. u3 zi3 {d}USZ-e2
14. 1(szar2) 5(gesz'u) 9(gesz2) 3(u) 8(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3
15. ki szesz-saga-ta
16. 3(gesz'u) 6(gesz2) 5(u) 5(disz)#? 1/2(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 a2 zi3 ar3-a
17. 1(disz) geme2 3(ban2) iti 1(u) 1(disz)-sze3
18. a2#-bi u4 5(gesz2) 3(u)-sze3
  calculation: 1 × 330 = 330
19. [iti] sze-sag11-ku5-ta
20. [iti pa4-u2-e]-sze3
column 2
1. 2(u)# 5(disz) geme2 3(ban2) iti 8(disz)# u4 1(u) 8(disz)-sze3
2. a2#-bi# u4 1(szar2) 4(gesz'u) 7(gesz2) 3(u)
  calculation: 25 x (8 × 30 + 18) = 6450
3. iti sze-kar#-ra-gal2-la# u4 1(u) 8(disz)-ta
4. iti pa4-u2-e#-sze3
5. 7(disz)# geme2 3(ban2) [iti] 8(disz)# u4 1(u) 7(disz)#-sze3
6. a2-bi 3(gesz'u) la2 1(disz@t)
  calculation: 7 x (8 × 30 + 17) = 1799
7. iti# sze-kar-ra-gal2#-la u4# [1(u)] 3(disz)#-ta#
8. [iti] pa4#-u2-e#-[sze3]
9. [n u4 1(disz)-sze3]
10. a2 u4-du8-a geme2 sag#-ba zi!-ga
  calculation: broken, recovery from credits of free days
11. 7(gesz2) 1(u) 5(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3
12. a2# u4#-du8-a geme2 tug2! tuku5-a
  calculation: 2610 (?)/6 = 435, recovery from credits of free days
  blank space
13. szunigin# 2(szar'u) 5(szar2)# 1(u) 3(disz) 1/3(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3
14. sag-nig2#-[gur11-ra]-kam
15. sza3-bi-ta
16. 2(szar2) 3(gesz2) 4(u) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3
17. a2 u4-du8-a
  calculation: 7420 × 6 = 44,520 (presumably from regular staff 35,940 + 330 + 6450 + 1799 = 44,519)
18. 5(u) 1(asz) 3(barig) 4(ban2) 1(disz) 1/2(disz) sila3 zi3 sig15 gur
19. 8(asz) 3(ban2) 5(disz) sila3 zi3 ba-ba saga gur
column 3
1. 1(asz)#? zi3 ba-ba sze
2. 1(u) 5(asz) 3(barig) 5(ban2) zi3-gu lugal gur#
3. 3(u) 1(asz) 1(barig) 1(ban2) zi3-gu szagina gur
4. 1(asz) 1(barig) 5(ban2) 6(disz) sila3 esza saga gur
5. 7(asz) 2(barig) 3(ban2) 4(disz) 1/2(disz) sila3 esza us2 gur
6. 1(gesz2) 2(gesz2) 4(u) 2(asz) 1(barig) la2 1/2(disz)# sila3# dabin gur
7. 7(asz) 3(barig)? 3(ban2) nig2-ar3-[ra]
8. [...] nig2-ar3-ra saga gur#
9. [...] 3(asz) 4(barig) 4(disz) sila3# [...]
10. [...] sila3 ninda zi3 sig15 gur
11. 4(u) 9(asz) 1(barig) 2(disz) sila3 ninda zi3 ISZ ba-ba gur
12. 4(u) 6(asz) 1(barig) 5(ban2) 8(disz) sila3 ninda saga gur
13. 3(u) 2(barig) 3(disz) sila3 ninda zi3-gu du gur
14. 3(gesz2) 2(gesz2) 4(u) 3(barig) 2(disz) sila3 ninda du
15. 5(gesz2) 1(u) 6(asz) 4(barig) 1(ban2) 8(disz) sila3 ninda zi3 gur
16. 2(asz) 4(barig) 4(ban2) imgaga3 gur
  blank space
17. a2-bi 2(szar'u) 5(szar2) 4(gesz'u) 9(gesz2)
  caclulation: (currently incapable of processing all variables)
reverse
column 1
1. nig2-ka9 bala-a x [...]
2. 2(gesz'u) 4(gesz2) la2 1(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3
3. zar3 tab-ba szu ur3-ra a-sza3 uku2-nu-ti a-sza3 {gesz}ma-nu a-sza3 la2-mah
4. du6 {d}szara2 u3 e2-ansze
5. kiszib3 lugal-igi-husz
6. 4(gesz'u) 4(u) 3(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 zar3 tab-ba szu ur3-ra da-umma{ki}
7. kiszib3 za-ma-{d}szara2
8. 6(gesz2) 4(u) 5(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3
9. zar3 tab-ba szu ur3-ra a-sza3 me-en-kar2
10. kiszib3 lu2-du10-ga dumu he2-ma-du
11. 1(gesz2) 4(u) 4(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3
12. a-e3-a a gu2-ka gub-ba
13. kiszib3 4(disz) a-a-kal-la
14. 1(gesz2)# [n] geme2# u4 1(disz)-sze3 kun-zi-[da] gub#-ba
15. [...]
16. [...] TUM# [...] AN#
17. [...] x x x x-ta sze ma2#-a si#-[ga]
18. umma{ki}-[a?] ma2 ba-al#-la a-[sza3] {gesz}ma-nu-ta gid2 sze x ma2 bala ak u3 guru7-[sze3] sze e2 szu-szum2-ma gar-ra
19. kiszib3# lu2-{d}szul-gi-ra
20. 1(gesz'u)# 8(gesz2) 1(u) 1(disz) 1/2(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3
21. dabin na-gab2-tum-ma-ke4
22. zi#?-a# u3 an-za-gar3-sze3 ga6-ga2
24. 3(gesz'u)# 1(gesz2) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3
25. [...] x zi3 ar3-a
column 2
1. kiszib3 ur-{d#}szul-pa-e3
2. 6(gesz2) 1(u) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 mun-gazi bala-a e2-igi-saga u3 nig2-ar3-ra bappir-ra ar3-ra
3. kiszib3 lugal-nig2-lagar-e
4. 1(gesz2) 6(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 sze-a sa-a
5. kiszib3 dingir-ra
6. 4(gesz'u) 7(gesz2) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3
7. giri3 ur-{d}suen
8. 3(gesz'u) 2(gesz2) 5(u) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3
9. giri3 lu2-bala-saga
10. 4(gesz'u) 2(gesz2) 3(u) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 giri3 {d}szara2-za-me
11. 4(gesz'u) 4(gesz2) 2(u) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 giri3 lu2-e2-mah
12. a2 tug2 tuku5-a ugula kikken-ke4-ne
13. tug2-bi ugu2 i3-kal-la ba-a-gar
14. 4(gesz2)# geme2# u4 1(disz)-sze3 SZE3-AN-la sza3 bala-a
15. [...]
16. [...]
17. [...]
18. [...] PAP? [...]
19. giri3-se3#-[ga]
20. 1(gesz2) 4(u) 7(disz) geme2# [u4] 5(disz)#-sze3
21. a2-bi u4 8(gesz2)# 5(u)# 5(disz)#
  calculation: 107 × 5 = 535
22. bala-sze3 gen-na bala-ta gur-ra
23. 2(szar2) 2(gesz'u) 1(gesz2) 1/2(disz) [...] 2(disz) [gin2] geme2# [u4 1(disz)-sze3]
column 3
  blank space
1. diri nig2-ka9-ak mu hu-uh2-nu-ri{ki} ba-hul
  blank space
2. szunigin 3(szar'u) 5(szar2) 5(gesz'u) 2(gesz2) 3(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3
3. zi-ga-am3
4. diri 1(szar'u) 5(gesz'u) 1(gesz2) 4(u) 9(disz) 2/3(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3
  blank space
5. [nig2-ka9]-ak a2 geme2
6. [ugula?] lu2#-kal-la
7. [iti sze]-sag11-ku5-ta
8. [iti] pa4#-u2-e-sze3
9. [mu] en eridu{ki} ba-hun

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Ur III (ca. 2100-2000 BC)
Consult word list of Ur III (ca. 2100-2000 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm): 179.0 high × 115.0 wide × 32.0 thick
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:


  • primary: TCNU, 685

    [Archi1995TCNU] Archi, Alfonso, Giovanni Bergamini, and Francesco Pomponio. 1995. Testi Cuneiformi Neo-Sumerici Da Umma, Nn. 0413 - 0723. Parte I: I Testi. Parte II: Le Impronte Di Sigillo. Catalogo Del Museo Egizio Di Torino. Seria Seconda: Collezioni, Volume 8. Torino: Ministerio per i Beni Culturali e Ambientali. Soprintendenza al Museo delle Antichità Egizie.

  • history: Aegyptus 21, p.152-162,

    [Boson1941azienda] Boson, Giustino. 1941. “Una Grande Azienda Industriale Ed Agricola in Sumeria circa Il 2150 Av. Cristo.” Aegyptus 21: 152–62.

  • citation: BBVO 10, p. 51 n. 174 (v 36 - vi 3)

    [Englund1990Fischerei] Englund, Robert K. 1990. Organisation Und Verwaltung Der Ur III-Fischerei. Berliner Beiträge Zum Vorderen Orient, Band 10. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer.

  • citation: HM 3, p.417-439, p. 421-422

    [Powell1976antecedents] Powell, Marvin A. 1976. “The Antecedents of Old Babylonian Place Notation and the Early History of Babylonian Mathematics.” Historia Mathematica 3: 417–39.

    (incorrect numbers)


  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: MAT 685
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Umma (mod. Tell Jokha)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No:
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

  • Period: Ur III (ca. 2100-2000 BC)
  • Dates Referenced: Amar-Suen.07.00.00, Amar-Suen.08.01.00, Amar-Suen.08.03.13, Amar-Suen.08.11.00
  • Alternative Years:
  • Date Comments:
  • Accounting Period: 0

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2017-03-03 at 09:56:33 Englund, Robert K. Atf CDLI CDLI approved View
2015-05-05 at 10:21:33 CDLI Atf CDLI CDLI approved View
2015-03-13 at 21:55:43 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2015-03-13 at 21:48:38 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2013-07-22 at 12:40:11 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2011-10-23 at 11:21:00 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2011-07-22 at 14:41:20 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2009-06-03 at 11:37:00 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2006-10-12 at 12:34:25 CDLI Atf CDLI CDLI approved View
2001-12-20 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact CDLI CDLI approved View

Consult this artifact as presented on the website of collections and projects:

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“TCNU 685 Artifact Entry.” 2001. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). December 20, 2001. https://cdli.ucla.edu/P218075.
TCNU 685 artifact entry (No. P218075). (2001, December 20). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). https://cdli.ucla.edu/P218075
TCNU 685 artifact entry (2001) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: https://cdli.ucla.edu/P218075 (Accessed: April 16, 2024).
@misc{2001TCNU,
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-04-16]},
	year = {2001},
	month = {dec 20},
	title = {TCNU 685 artifact entry},
	url = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P218075},
	howpublished = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P218075},
}

TY  - ELEC
DA  - 2001/12/20/
PY  - 2001
ID  - P218075
LB  - CDLI:P218075
M1  - 2024/4/16/
TI  - TCNU 685 artifact entry
UR  - https://cdli.ucla.edu/P218075
ER  - 
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