JNES 50, 255-280 (P112338)

Administrative tablet excavated in Umma (mod. Tell Jokha), dated to the Ur III (ca. 2100-2000 BC) period and now kept in Land Berlin, Berlin, Germany

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Chemical Data

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Museum Collection(s)

Land Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Museum Number

Berlin 057

Period

Ur III (ca. 2100-2000 BC)

Provenience

Umma (mod. Tell Jokha)

Artifact Type

Tablet

Material(s)

Clay

Genre / Subgenre(s)

Administrative

Language(s)

Sumerian

Measurements

136.0 mm × 73.0 mm × 31.0 mm

tablet
obverse
column 1
1. 1(szar2)# 5(gesz'u)# 2(gesz2)# [4(u)] geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3
 en: 6,760 workdays, female workers,
2. si-i3-tum mu si-ma-num2{ki} ba-hul
 en: remaining (deficit) of the year: “Simanum was destroyed;”
3. 3(u) 7(disz) geme2 3(ban2)
 en: 37 female workers (receiving) 3 ban (of barley per month)
4. iti 1(u) 2(disz)-sze3
 en: (over a period of) 12 months,
5. a2-bi u4 3(szar2) 4(gesz'u) 2(gesz2)
 en: its labor: 13,320 days,
  calculation: 37 x 360 = 13,320
6. iti sze-sag11-ku5-ta
 en: from the month “Harvest”
7. iti {d}dumu-zi-sze3
 en: through the month “Dumuzi;”
8. 3(disz) geme2 u4 3(u) 3(disz)-sze3 a2-bi u4 1(gesz2) 3(u) 9(disz)
 en: 3 female workers for 33 days, its labor: 99 days,
9. geme2 bar-ra-kar-ra
 en: female bara-kara workers;
  blank space
10. szunigin 5(szar2) 3(gesz'u) 6(gesz2) 2(u) la2 1(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3
 en: total: 20,180 minus 1 workdays
  calculation: 6,760 + 13,320 + 99 = 20,179
11. sag-nig2-gur11-ra-kam
 en: are the debit;
12. sza3-bi-ta
 en: therefrom:
13. 8(asz) 1(barig) 2(ban2) 1(disz) sila3 zi3 sig15 gur
 en: 8 gur, 1 barig, 2 ban2, 1 sila3 sig-flour,
14. 2(asz) 4(barig) 2(ban2) esza gur
 en: 2 gur, 4 barig, 2 ban2 eša flour,
15. 1(u) 8(asz) 4(barig) 2(ban2) zi3-gu saga gur
 en: 18 gur, 4 barig, 2 ban2 fine pea flour,
16. 2(barig) nig2-ar3-ra saga
 en: 2 barig fine ground ninda flour,
17. 2(gesz2) 4(u) 1(asz) 2(gesz2) 4(barig) 3(ban2) 4(disz) sila3 gin2 dabin gur
 en: 161 gur, 4 barig, 3 ban2, 4 sila3 10 shekels flour,
18. a2-bi u4 1(szar2) 3(gesz'u) 9(gesz2) 4(u) 6(disz) 1(u) gin2
 en: its labor: 5,986 days, 10 shekels,
19. a2 u4-du8-a-bi u4 ($ blank space $)
 en: labor of the free days involved: Ø days,
20. nig2-ka9 sze-ta
 en: from the grain account.
column 2
1. 1(gesz'u) 8(gesz2) 5(u) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 gur10-a zar3 tab-ba
 en: 1,130 workdays, harvested and shocks laid,
2. 2(gesz2) 2(u) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 kun-zi-da i7 de3-na gub-ba
 en: 140 workdays, at the river lagoon of “Idena” stationed,
3. 2(u) 5(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 kab2-ku5 ki-BAD gub-ba
 en: 25 workdays, at the kiBAD reservoir stationed,
4. 1(gesz2) 3(u) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 kun-zi-da e2-duru5-lu2-mah gub-ba
 en: 90 workdays, at the river lagoon of the Lumah village stationed,
5. kiszib3 lu2-gi-na
 en: sealed tablet of Lu-gina;
6. 5(gesz2) 3(u) 8(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 a-e3-a bar-la2 a-ga-am gu-la gub-ba
 en: 338 workdays, at the sluice of the division box (?) of “Agam-gula” stationed;
7. 3(gesz2) 4(u) 2(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 i7 e2-ansze-sze3 u2 ga6-ga2 u3 sahar si-ga
 en: 222 workdays, to the “E-anše” canal grass carried and earth filled in;
8. ($ blank space $) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 {u2}kiszi17 ku5-ra2 [...]
 en: Ø workdays, acacia cut ...,
  erasure
9. a-sza3 gid2-da u3 ugur2-tur-tur ga?
 en: at the “long” field and ...,
10. GAN2 a-gu-gu
 en: land of Agugu;
11. ($ blank space $) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 a-sza3 nin10-nu-du3 a-ra2 2(disz)-kam
 en: Ø workdays, at the field “Ninnudu,” the second,
  erasure
12. GAN2 lu2-{d}szara2
 en: land of Lu-Šara;
13. ($ blank space $) 1(u) 4(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 a-sza3 gibil a-sza3 gu4-suhub2 u3 u2-du-lu2-saga
 en: Ø 14 workdays, at the “new” field, the “Oxen-boot” and “Udu-Lusaga” fields,
  erasure
14. GAN2 lu2-{d}szara2 a-ra2 2(disz)-kam
 en: land of Lu-Šara, the second,
15. kiszib3 lu2-he2-gal2 dumu ur-{d}utu
 en: sealed tablet of Lu-ḫegal, son of Ur-Utu;
16. ($ blank space $) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 {u2}kiszi17 ku5-ra2 1(u) sar-ta a-sza3 a-u2-da
 en: Ø workdays, acacia cut at 10 sar (per day) in the “Auda” field;
  erasure
17. ($ blank space $) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 a-sza3 gibil
 en: Ø workdays, at the “new” field;
  erasure
18. ($ blank space $) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 a-sza3 bad3 du3-a
 en: Ø workdays, at the field “erected wall;”
  erasure
19. ($ blank space $) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 a-sza3 iszib-e-ne
 en: Ø workdays, at the field “išib-priests;”
  erasure
20. ($ blank space $) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 a-sza3 gu4-suhub2
 en: Ø workdays, at the field “ Oxen-boot;”
  erasure
reverse
column 1
1. ($ blank space $) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 a-sza3 nin10-nu-du3
 en: workdays, at the field “Ninnudu,”
2. {u2}kiszi17 ku5-ra2 1(u) sar-ta
 en: acacia cut at 10 sar (per day);
3. kiszib3# da#-a-ga
 en: under seal of Da’aga;
4. 5(gesz2) 1(u) 4(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 a-e3-[a a]-sza3# igi-e2-mah-sze3 gub-ba
 en: 314 workdays, at the sluice of the field before Emaḫ stationed,
5. [kiszib3 a]-kal-la
 en: under seal of Akalla;
6. [n geme2] u4 1(disz)-sze3 kab2#-ku5# a-sza3 [x u3] kab2-ku5 [...]
 en: n workdays, female laborers, at the reservoirs of the fields ... and ...;
7. [kiszib3 x]-{d}x
 en: under seal of ... ;
8. [n] geme2# u4 1(disz)-sze3 zar3 tab-ba a-sza3 muru13
 en: n workdays, female laborers, shocks laid in the field “muru,”
9. kiszib3# lu2#-ku3-zu sukkal
 en: under seal of Lu-kuzu, courrier;
10. 1(gesz2) 5(u) 5(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 kab2-ku5 i7 {d}szul-pa-e3
 en: 115 workdays, female laborers, at the reservoir of the Šulpa’e canal;
11. 6(gesz2) 1(u) 5(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 kab2-ku5 i7 {d}nin-ur4-ra u3# kab2-ku5 du6-ku3-sig17 kab2-ku5 a-bu3? u3 kab2-ku5 na-ra-am-{d}suen u2 na du?
 en: 375 workdays, at the reservoir of the Nin-ura canal, the reservoir of Dukuge, the reservoir of Abu? and the reservoir of Naram-Suen ... ;
12. 3(gesz2) 4(u) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 u3 lugal tum-ma-gar-ra na-ra-am-{d}suen u2 ga6-ga2 sahar zi-ga
 en: 220 workdays, at the “Lugal-tuma-gara bridge(?) of Naram-Suen,” grass carried, earth excavated;
13. kiszib3 lugal-he2#-gal2
 en: under seal of Lugal-ḫegal;
14. 2(gesz2) 4(u) 5(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)#-sze3# zi3 ar3
 en: 165 workdays, flour ground;
15. 1(gesz2) 8(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 kun-zi-da i7 de3-na gub-ba
 en: 68 workdays, stationed at the river lagoon of “Idena;”
  blank space
16. kiszib3 2(disz) lu2-{d}ha-ia3
 en: two sealed tablets of Lu-Ḫaya;
17. 6(gesz2) 3(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 ki-su7 2(asz)-ta
 en: 363 workdays, ‘threshing’ at 2 (gur per day);
19. 2(gesz2) 5(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 e2-duru5 lu2-mah-ta
 en: 125 workdays, from the Lumaḫ village
20. guru7 a-pi4-sal4{ki}-sze3 sze zi-ga u3 sze mu-sza zi-ga
 en: to the silo of Apisal, barley winnowed and muša-grain winnowed;
column 2
1. kiszib3 gu#-du#-du#
 en: under seal of Gududu;
2. 1(gesz2) 1(u) la2# 1(disz@t)# [geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 kab2]-ku5 u2-du#-[...]
 en: 69 workdays, at the reservoir of Udu-...;
3. 2(gesz2) 1(u) 8(disz) geme2 u4 [1(disz)-sze3 kab2]-ku5 bad3 du3-a u3 a# [x] x
 en: 138 workdays, at the reservoir of the erected wall and the ...;
4. 1(gesz2) 5(u) 5(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 [kab2-ku5] {d}nin-a-[zu]
 en: 115 workdays, at the reservoir of Nin-azu ...,
5. {u2}har-an ga6-[ga2]
 en: haran-grass carried;
6. kiszib3 na-ba#-[sa6]
 en: under seal of Nabasa;
7. 1(gesz2) 5(u) 5(disz) geme2 u4 [1(disz)-sze3]
 en: 115 workdays,
8. kab2-ku5 a-u2-da# [...]-hal? [gub-ba]
 en: at the reservoir of Auda ... stationed;
9. kiszib3 lugal-inim-gi#-[na]
 en: under seal of Lugal-inim-gina;
10. 2(gesz2) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 kab2-ku5 a-ga-am-gu-la gub-ba
 en: 120 workdays, at the reservoir of Agam-gula stationed;
11. 1(gesz2) 2(u) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 sa-du8 u3 bar gub-ba
 en: 80 workdays, at sadu ... stationed;
12. 1(gesz2) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3 e sa-dur2-ra igi e2-amar-ra
 en: 60 workdays, at the sadura ditch before calf-house;
13. kiszib3 a-gu-gu
 en: under seal of Agugu;
14. 3(u) geme2 u4 1(u)-sze3
 en: 30 female workers for 10 days,
15. a2-bi u4 5(gesz2)-kam
 en: its labor: 300 days:
16. bala-sze3 gen-na bala-ta gur-ra
 en: to the bala (service) traveled, from the bala (service) returned;
17. 3(gesz'u) 3(gesz2) 1(u) 2(disz) 2/3(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3
 en: 1,992 2/3 workdays,
18. a2 u4-du8-a
 en: labor of free days;
  blank space
19. szunigin 3(szar2) 3(gesz'u) 2(gesz2) 3(u) 8(disz) 5/6(disz) geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3
 en: total: 12,758 5/6 workdays
20. zi#-ga-am3
 en: booked out;
21. [la2-ia3] 2(szar2)# 3(gesz2)# 4(u)# 2(disz) 1(u) gin2 geme2 u4 1(disz)-sze3
 en: the deficit: 7,422 workdays, 10 shekels,
22. [nig2-ka9-ak a2] geme2#
 en: account of the labor of the female workers (?),
23. [ugula ...]-x
 en: foreman: ...
24. [mu {d}szu-{d}suen] lugal# [bad3 mar]-tu# mu-[ri-iq-ti-id-ni-im mu]-du3#
 en: year: “Šu-Suen, the king, the Amorite wall ‘muriq-tidnim’ erected”.

Consult previous versions and their differences
Consult sign list of Ur III (ca. 2100-2000 BC)
Consult word list of Ur III (ca. 2100-2000 BC)

  • Artifact type: Tablet
  • Material: Clay
  • Measurements (mm): 136.0 high × 73.0 wide × 31.0 thick
  • Weight:
  • Artifact Preservation:
  • Condition Description:
  • Join Information:
  • Seal no.:
  • Seal information:
  • Artifact comments:


  • primary: JNES 50 (pp. 255-280), 255-280

    [Englund1991JNES50] Englund, Robert K. 1991. “Hard Work-Where Will It Get You? Labor Management in Ur III Mesopotamia.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 50 (4): 255–80.

    unbaked tablet from Umma concerning a géme milling workteam


  • citation: Nissen, Damerow & Englund, Frühe Schrift, pp. 084-089 to no. 10.14

    [sec12355] N.d.

  • Composite No.:
  • Museum No.: Berlin 057
  • Accession No.:

  • Provenience: Umma (mod. Tell Jokha)
  • Elevation:
  • Stratigraphic Level:
  • Excavation No:
  • Findspot Square:
  • Findspot Comments:

  • Period: Ur III (ca. 2100-2000 BC)
  • Dates Referenced: Šū-Suen.04.01.00, Šū-Suen.04.12.00
  • Alternative Years:
  • Date Comments:
  • Accounting Period: 0

Created Creator Type Authors Project Reviewer Status Action
2024-06-15 at 14:25:28 Firth, Richard Artifact, Other Entity Firth, Richard Firth, Richard approved View
2019-10-06 at 14:59:22 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2019-07-17 at 06:04:22 Pagé-Perron, Émilie Atf Pagé-Perron, Émilie CDLI approved View
2017-03-03 at 09:53:55 Englund, Robert K. Atf CDLI CDLI approved View
2016-12-15 at 17:09:24 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2015-05-25 at 19:33:12 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2015-05-05 at 10:24:42 CDLI Atf CDLI CDLI approved View
2015-03-13 at 21:59:12 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2014-03-12 at 15:23:55 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2014-03-11 at 17:13:32 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2014-03-11 at 16:31:04 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2014-02-22 at 12:47:20 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2012-04-16 at 13:01:15 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2011-07-22 at 13:34:31 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2011-05-02 at 14:15:22 Englund, Robert K. Atf Englund, Robert K. CDLI approved View
2006-10-12 at 12:19:26 CDLI Atf CDLI CDLI approved View
2001-12-20 at 00:00:00 CDLI Artifact CDLI CDLI approved View

Consult this artifact as presented on the website of collections and projects:

General Notes: -
CDLI Notes: -
Cite this Artifact
“JNES 50, 255-280 Artifact Entry.” (2001) 2024. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). June 15, 2024. https://cdli.ucla.edu/P112338.
JNES 50, 255-280 artifact entry (No. P112338). (2024, June 15). Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). https://cdli.ucla.edu/P112338 (Original work published 2001)
JNES 50, 255-280 artifact entry (2024) Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI). Available at: https://cdli.ucla.edu/P112338 (Accessed: June 18, 2024).
@misc{2024JNES,
	note = {[Online; accessed 2024-06-18]},
	year = {2024},
	month = {jun 15},
	title = {JNES 50, 255-280 artifact entry},
	url = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P112338},
	howpublished = {https://cdli.ucla.edu/P112338},
}

TY  - ELEC
DA  - 2024/6/15/
PY  - 2024
ID  - P112338
LB  - CDLI:P112338
M1  - 2024/6/18/
TI  - JNES 50, 255-280 artifact entry
UR  - https://cdli.ucla.edu/P112338
ER  - 
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